0 projects

H20-ERC-European Research Council

Looking for Super-Massive Neutron Stars

The astrophysics field of compact binary millisecond pulsars is thriving. This growing class of rapidly spinning neutron stars – also known as "spiders"– constitutes the most promising place to find massive pulsars. Super-massive neutron stars, with a mass significantly higher than two Solar mass...

Awarded: NOK 21.4 mill.

Project Period: 2021-2026

Location: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

H20-ERC-European Research Council

Gender-Gap in Political Endurance: a novel political inclusion theory

Democracies are under pressure worldwide: The political landscape is rapidly changing, with new parties emerging and old ones suffering, as voters turn away from established parties. We also witness a significant gender-gap in political endurance, meaning that women’s careers as elected represent...

Awarded: NOK 25.0 mill.

Project Period: 2021-2026

Location: Vestland

H20-ERC-European Research Council

Fluid Inclusion Microthermometry in Speleothems

Ongoing global warming is rapidly moving us away from the climate states we are used to and understand from observational time series. This poses the urgent need to extend our “climate memory” by deciphering climate information stored in geologic archives. However, obtaining quantitative estimate...

Awarded: NOK 21.0 mill.

Project Period: 2021-2026

Location: Vestland

H20-ERC-European Research Council

Good attention: Attention norms and their role in practical reason, epistemology, and ethics

What is good attention? Much public discussion about social media, public health, and political debates is focused on versions of this question. What deserves our attention and how we should regulate attention in the face of distraction occupies the debate. What is missing is a philosophical inve...

Awarded: NOK 21.4 mill.

Project Period: 2021-2026

Location: Oslo

H20-ERC-European Research Council

Openings to the Inclusion of Muslim Minorities in Today’s Democracies

At the heart of contemporary politics in the old democracies in Europe and North America is a significant puzzle. How come the far right, advocating a nativist agenda particularly opposed to Muslims and Islam, is advancing at a time when public opinion research documents stability or decline in i...

Awarded: NOK 21.4 mill.

Project Period: 2021-2026

Location: Vestland

H20-ERC-European Research Council

Evolution and mechanisms of thermal performance – answers through artificial selection in zebrafish

Abstract Climate change is warming waters globally. Ectothermic animals, such as fish, have the same body temperature as the surrounding water and are therefore thought to be particularly sensitive to warming. To predict climate change impacts on fish populations, we must first know how fish are ...

Awarded: NOK 21.4 mill.

Project Period: 2021-2026

Location: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

H20-ERC-European Research Council

Mathematical and Numerical Modelling of Process-Structure Interaction in Fractured Geothermal Systems

In the development and production of high-temperature geothermal resources, large induced gradients in pressure and temperature during injection operations results in complex dynamics. This includes boiling of geothermal fluids and deformation of the fractured rock, dynamics that are currently no...

Awarded: NOK 21.4 mill.

Project Period: 2021-2026

Location: Vestland

H20-ERC-European Research Council

Innocent Children or Security Threats? European Children Born of War

How can we ensure that children born of war do not pay for the sins of their parents? Political debates about how to address the plight of children born of foreign fighters to ISIS/Daesh make this an acute concern in Europe today. The European debates are polarized; some argue that socialization ...

Awarded: NOK 19.9 mill.

Project Period: 2021-2026

Location: Oslo

H20-ERC-European Research Council

War and Fun: Reconceptualizing Warfare and Its Experience

The overall goal of WARFUN is to offer a new understanding of war and soldiering through a study of the role and implications of fun for soldiers and veterans. An understanding of the complexity of soldiers’ participation in war requires an epistemic change in conventional approaches. This projec...

Awarded: NOK 21.4 mill.

Project Period: 2021-2026

Location: Vestland

H20-ERC-European Research Council

Creating building blocks for atomic-scale electronics

Interfaces in oxide materials offer amazing opportunities for fundamental and applied research, giving a new dimension to functional properties, such as magnetism, multiferroicity and superconductivity. Ferroelectric domain walls recently emerged as a new type of interface, where the dynamic char...

Awarded: NOK 18.2 mill.

Project Period: 2020-2025

Location: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

H20-ERC-European Research Council

Musical and Poetic Creativity for A Unique Moment in the Western Christian Liturgy, c.1000-1500

BENEDICAMUS pursues a transformative focus on creative practices surrounding a particular moment in the Western Christian liturgy: the exclamation Benedicamus Domino (“Let us Bless the Lord”), which sounded in song several times a day from c.1000 to 1500. This moment was granted special musical l...

Awarded: NOK 19.6 mill.

Project Period: 2020-2025

Location: Oslo

H20-ERC-European Research Council

Outsourcing cancer immunity to healthy donors

Despite recent advances in cancer immunotherapy, most patients with metastatic cancer are not cured. Major reasons are lack of homogeneously and highly expressed molecules that can be safely targeted and evoke efficient T-cell responses. I propose that the strong T-cell responses leading to rejec...

Awarded: NOK 19.7 mill.

Project Period: 2020-2025

Location: Oslo

H20-ERC-European Research Council

4DSpace: integrated study for space weather at high latitudes

Ionosphere is the partially ionized, outermost part of the Earth’s atmosphere. Its dynamics is inherently complex and affected by dynamic conditions in the solar wind. In the polar regions, it is directly coupled to the Earth’s magnetosphere and space plasma. The polar ionosphere is subject to th...

Awarded: NOK 19.7 mill.

Project Period: 2020-2025

Location: Oslo

H20-ERC-European Research Council

Using Evolutionary Algorithms to Understand and Secure Web/Enterprise Systems

-------------------- With the EAST project, I aim to improve our understanding of the intrinsic characteristics of web/enterprise systems related to their security. I will achieve it by designing novel techniques that are able to scale to automatically generate test cases for large web/enterprise...

Awarded: NOK 19.7 mill.

Project Period: 2020-2025

Location: Oslo

H20-ERC-European Research Council

Storyworlds in Transition: Coptic Apocrypha in Changing Contexts in the Byzantine and Early Islamic Periods

This project proposes the first systematic study of Coptic apocrypha covering the entire timespan of Coptic literary production, and it aims to do so with unprecedented methodological sophistication. Apocrypha is here defined as (1) texts and traditions that develop or expand upon characters and ...

Awarded: NOK 19.7 mill.

Project Period: 2020-2025

Location: Oslo

H20-ERC-European Research Council

The Emergence, Life, and Demise of Autocratic Regimes

ELDAR will investigate three aspects of autocratic politics: 1) the emergence of autocratic regimes; 2) policy-making (“life”) in autocracies in the areas of education, infrastructure, pensions and media regulation; 3) autocratic regime breakdown. ELDAR offers a comprehensive perspective, highlig...

Awarded: NOK 19.7 mill.

Project Period: 2020-2025

Location: Oslo

H20-ERC-European Research Council

Ice Age Genomic Tracking of Refugia and Postglacial Dispersal

Understanding rates of migration and resilience to climate change is important for explaining both the distribution of single species and anticipate how ecosystems may respond to climate change. There are two vigorously debated questions about the response of NW European biota to past climate cha...

Awarded: NOK 21.0 mill.

Project Period: 2019-2024

Location: Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku - Tromssa ja Finmarkku

H20-ERC-European Research Council

Deconstructing Early Christian Metanarratives: Fourth-Century Egyptian Christianity in the Light of Material Evidence

A massive corpus of unedited archaeological sources collected over the last two decades from the deserts of Egypt, by far the richest available for the fourth century, sheds a radically new light on Christianity in Egypt. Building on this new dataset, DEChriM reassesses phenomena and developments...

Awarded: NOK 16.5 mill.

Project Period: 2019-2024

Location: Oslo

H20-ERC-European Research Council

The History of Intellectual Property Rights in the Creative Industries

CREATIVE IPR aims to study the rise of intellectual property rights in the creative industries, from the international treaties of the late nineteenth century to the present day, with a focus on Europe in the global world. CREATIVE IPR examines the consequences of this development for the creat...

Awarded: NOK 18.5 mill.

Project Period: 2019-2024

Location: Oslo

H20-ERC-European Research Council

A Genetic View into Past Sea Ice Variability in the Arctic

Arctic sea ice decline is the exponent of the rapidly transforming Arctic climate. The ensuing local and global implications can be understood by studying past climate transitions, yet few methods are available to examine past Arctic sea ice cover, severely restricting our understanding of sea ic...

Awarded: NOK 25.1 mill.

Project Period: 2019-2024

Location: Vestland

H20-ERC-European Research Council

Societal openness, normative flux, and the social modification of heritability

In this project, we will use social modifications of heritability as measurement devices for assessing how social conditions shape opportunity structures, and how human potential is either constrained or enabled. Major themes in family demography and social stratification such as equality of oppo...

Awarded: NOK 19.1 mill.

Project Period: 2019-2024

Location: Oslo

H20-ERC-European Research Council

Future Migration as Present Fact

The springboard for this project is a striking statistic: half of all young adults in West Africa wish to leave their own country and settle elsewhere. Yet, the vast majority never depart. This discrep-ancy raises a fundamental question: if migration is desired, but never materializes, what are t...

Awarded: NOK 19.2 mill.

Project Period: 2019-2024

Location: Oslo

H20-ERC-European Research Council

Socioeconomic gaps in language development and school achievement: Mechanisms of inequality and opportunity

As inequality increases in most developed countries, children from socioeconomically disadvantaged families are at exceptional risk for academic underachievement with lasting consequences for individuals, their communities, and society at large. Among policy makes, early childhood education and c...

Awarded: NOK 18.3 mill.

Project Period: 2019-2024

Location: Oslo

H20-ERC-European Research Council

Cosmoglobe -- mapping the universe from the Milky Way to the Big Bang

In the aftermath of the high-precision Planck and BICEP2 experiments, cosmology has undergone a critical transition. Before 2014, most breakthroughs came as direct results of improved detector technology and increased noise sensitivity. After 2014, the main source of uncertainty will be due to as...

Awarded: NOK 19.2 mill.

Project Period: 2019-2024

Location: Oslo

H20-ERC-European Research Council

Lossy Preprocessing

A critical component of computational processing of data sets is the `preprocessing' or `compression' step which is the computation of a \emph{succinct, sufficiently accurate} representation of the given data. Preprocessing is ubiquitous and a rigorous mathematical understanding of preprocess...

Awarded: NOK 19.2 mill.

Project Period: 2019-2024

Location: Vestland

H20-ERC-European Research Council

Set to change: early life factors restricting and promoting neurocognitive plasticity through life

Cognitive function in old age can be predicted from how you functioned when you were young. This is remarkable, as there are substantial cognitive age changes. Are we neurodevelopmentally set to change through life in certain ways? The objective of Set-to-change is to test whether and how early l...

Awarded: NOK 18.7 mill.

Project Period: 2018-2023

Location: Oslo

H20-ERC-European Research Council

Isotopic links to atmopheric water's sources

The hydrological cycle, with its feedbacks related to water vapour and clouds, is the largest source of uncertainty in weather prediction and climate models. Particularly processes that occur on scales smaller than the model grid lead to errors, which can compensate one another, making them diffi...

Awarded: NOK 18.6 mill.

Project Period: 2018-2023

Location: Vestland

H20-ERC-European Research Council

Machine Vision in Everyday Life: Playful Interactions with Visual Technologies in Digital Art, Games, Narratives and Social Media

In the last decade, machine vision has become part of the everyday life of ordinary people. Smartphones have advanced image manipulation capabilities, social media use image recognition algorithms to sort and filter visual content, and games, narratives and art increasingly represent and use mach...

Awarded: NOK 18.6 mill.

Project Period: 2018-2023

Location: Vestland

H20-ERC-European Research Council

Discovery and functional significance of post-translational N-terminal acetylation

In mammalian cells, N-terminal (Nt) acetylation is one of the most abundant protein modifications. It is catalysed by N-terminal acetyltransferases (NATs) and mostly occurs co-translationally. However, in contrast to the defined co-translational NATs, post-translational NATs which have crucial re...

Awarded: NOK 18.6 mill.

Project Period: 2018-2023

Location: Vestland

H20-ERC-European Research Council

Time-domain Gibbs sampling: From bits to inflationary gravitational waves

The detection of primordial gravity waves created during the Big Bang ranks among the greatest potential intellectual achievements in modern science. During the last few decades, the instrumental progress necessary to achieve this has been nothing short of breathtaking, and we today are able to m...

Awarded: NOK 18.6 mill.

Project Period: 2018-2023

Location: Oslo