0 projects

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

The role of energy budget in a changing world: Are forecasts missing an important aspect for Arctic insects?

The ongoing climatic changes will have undisputable effects on biodiversity and ecosystems. For small ectotherms (e.g. insects) the current state-of-the-art focusses on physiological performances (often measured as critical thermal limits), warming tolerance (resilience) and phenotypic and evolut...

Awarded: NOK 0.12 mill.

Project Period: 2024-2024

Location: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Hiding in the shadows: effects of environmental stressors on male calanoid copepods - An insider's view

Polar ecosystems are particularly vulnerable to effects caused by environmental stressors of anthropogenic origin, such as ocean acidification (OA) and ocean warming (OW), both of which are disproportionally affecting the Arctic region. Calanoid copepods of the genus Calanus are key species in th...

Awarded: NOK 0.12 mill.

Project Period: 2024-2025

Location: Troms - Romsa - Tromssa

MARINFORSKHAV-Marine ressurser og miljø - havmiljø

Anthropogenic impacts of climate change and fisheries on reproductive and offspring performance of high-latitude marine fishes

Klimaendringer sammen med fiskepress er allerede kjent for å være en viktig trussel mot hav og marine ressurser. I et miljø i endring trengs det mer kunnskap om konsekvensene av disse menneskeskapte stressorene på fiskers reproduksjonsbiologi og avkom, berettiget av den grunnleggende relevansen t...

Awarded: NOK 8.0 mill.

Project Period: 2023-2027

Location: Vestland

HAVBRUK2-Stort program for havbruksforskning

Ecophysiology of Atlantic salmon: Genetics versus Environment

Atlantisk laks er blevet kunstigt selekteret til opdræt siden 1970’erne. Opdrætslaksen er derfor blevet genetisk forskellig fra vilde fisk. Samtidigt er miljøet laksen bliver opdrættet i også forskelligt fra det miljø, en laks vil opleve i naturen. Eksempelvis bliver opdrætslaks overfodret, og væ...

Awarded: NOK 8.0 mill.

Project Period: 2023-2028

Location: Vestland

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Thermal properties of Arctic fox fur and the effect of fur lice infestation

This project will collaborate and run alongside the Norwegian Polar Institute (NPI) annual monitoring program on arctic fox population in Svalbard. Fur lice in the arctic fox was first identified on Svalbard in 2019 (Buhler et al. submitted). The prevalence at the time was low (approx. 10% of the...

Awarded: NOK 23,390

Project Period: 2023-2023

Location: Troms - Romsa - Tromssa

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Investigating mechanisms behind thermoregulation in Svalbard reindeer, RiS ID 12119

The aim of this study is to investigate cellular mechanisms underlying Svalbard reindeer's ability to lower their body temperature in winter to save energy. To achieve this, we will collect muscle and heart tissue from culled reindeer in October as part of a larger field campaign. These samples w...

Awarded: NOK 97,646

Project Period: 2023-2023

Location: Akershus

FRIPRO-Fri prosjektstøtte

Physiological basis of insect community responses to climate change

Jordens klima endrer seg raskt, med varmere temperaturer og endringer i nedbørsmønstre. Å forutsi biologiske og økologiske effekter av disse endringene er en stor vitenskapelig utfordring. Hittil har mesteparten av forskningen fokusert på å forstå hvordan varmere temperaturer påvirker dyre- og pl...

Awarded: NOK 12.0 mill.

Project Period: 2022-2027

Location: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Stress-coping strategies in a changing world: how do ground-nesting birds adapt to unpredictive predation threat?

In the Arctic, polar bears (Ursus maritimus) rely on sea ice to hunt seals. However, sea ice is decreasing due to climate warming, and bears are changing their foraging behavior, increasing egg consumption. This shift in diet can put ground-nesting bird species, such as common eiders (Somateria m...

Awarded: NOK 94,286

Project Period: 2022-2022

Location: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Do snowshoes influence movement and route choice of Svalbard rock ptarmigan over snowy ground? (RiS ID 11821)

We are aiming to determine how changes in snow properties influence the function of a key adaptation for Arctic animals - the evolution of a snowshoe foot. Whilst increases in foot area are well known to provide extra support during movement over snow there is currently no data examining the rela...

Awarded: NOK 85,000

Project Period: 2022-2022

Location: Troms - Romsa - Tromssa

FRIPRO-Fri prosjektstøtte

Epigenetic mechanisms and cell-type specific gene expression during anoxia and re-oxygenation in crucian carp brain

Karussen (Carassius carassius) er en fisk som ulikt de fleste andre virveldyr kan overleve lenge uten oksygen (anoksi). Denne egenskap er nødvendig for at karussen kan overleve i Nord-Europa i små tjern, der oksygenet forsvinner når is og snø forhindrer tilførsel av nytt oksygen fra luften eller ...

Awarded: NOK 12.0 mill.

Project Period: 2021-2025

Location: Oslo

MARINFORSKHAV-Marine ressurser og miljø - havmiljø

Light as a Cue for Life in Arctic and Northern Seas

Lys er den primære energikilden for praktisk talt alt liv på jorden, og i denne forbindelse er det ytterst få miljøer som er like utfordrende for liv som i de arktiske farvannene i polarnatten. Likevel har nye studier avslørt høy biodiversitet, men også lysstyrt biologisk aktivitet, selv i den mø...

Awarded: NOK 7.5 mill.

Project Period: 2021-2024

Location: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Diurnal and seasonal rhythmicity of hormones and behaviour in arctic-breeding barnacle geese (Branta leucopsis). RiS ID 11237.

Endogenous biological clocks are important for animals, as they regulate rhythmic biochemical, physiological and behavioural processes, which can be expressed daily or seasonally. Biological clocks function through the excretion of hormones and are entrained by external cues, such as the light-da...

Awarded: NOK 79,062

Project Period: 2021-2022

Location: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Are yolk thiamine levels associated with stress hormones in arctic seabirds? A comparative approach among populations, species and food webs

Many seabird populations are drastically declining in Norway and internationally. The causes can be complex, but there has been an increasing foucus on disease as a potential causal factor, and especially thiamine deficiency (vitamin B1). Thiamine is essential for all living cells, and function a...

Awarded: NOK 54,001

Project Period: 2021-2022

Location: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Seasonal interactions and stress physiology in an Arctic-nesting seabird

Seasonal environments impose several constraints on wild animals resulting in highly sequential and often well-defined stages throughout the annual life cycle. The fitness of an individual relies on a successful integration of these stages across seasons, which can be particularly challenging for...

Awarded: NOK 78,999

Project Period: 2020-2021

Location: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Effect of pollution on the reproductive energetics of the Arctic Terns at Svalbard

In this project I will look at pollutants (both organic compounds and heavy metals), in the blood and feathers of Arctic Terns nesting in Kongsfjorden the summer of 2020. I will also look at different physiological parameters, primarily thyroid hormon blood levels. The purpose is to see if there ...

Awarded: NOK 31,999

Project Period: 2020-2020

Location: Troms - Romsa - Tromssa

HAVBRUK2-Stort program for havbruksforskning

Interpreting the cortisol stress response in fish welfare research

Vanlig praksis innen fiskeoppdrett, som transport og vaksinasjon, kan føre til stress hos oppdrettsfisken. Stresset fisk vokser saktere og har høyere sannsynlighet for å bli syk. God fiskevelferd er ikke bare etisk viktig, men vil også kunne bedre produktivitet, profitt og ryktet til oppdrettsnær...

Awarded: NOK 2.2 mill.

Project Period: 2019-2025

Location: Oslo

IS-AUR-Samarb.progr. Norge Frankrike

Developing a new approach to improve the understanding of appetite control and growth in salmonids

The Arctic charr is a salmonid that shows strong seasonal fluctuations in food intake. The charr has a deep resilience in response to periods of fasting indicated by a lack of central hunger signalling. The underpinning physiological mechanism of the strong tolerance to feed deprivation, however,...

Awarded: NOK 33,139

Project Period: 2019-2019

Location: Troms - Romsa - Tromssa

FRIMEDBIO-Fri prosj.st. med.,helse,biol

Evolution and mechanisms of thermal tolerance in fish

Evolusjon og mekanismer for temperaturtoleranse in fish Termobiologi er studiet av hvordan temperatur former organismer og økosystemer. Det har belyst mange av naturens trekk, men to av de mest sentrale spørsmålene i termobiologi er fortsatt ubesvart: 1. Hva begrenser toleranse for høye tempera...

Awarded: NOK 7.9 mill.

Project Period: 2017-2023

Location: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

FRIMEDBIO-Fri prosj.st. med.,helse,biol

Re-oxygenation resilience - the overlooked element of anoxic survival

Det er velkjent at karussen (Carassius carassius) har en unik evne til å overleve uten oksygen. Denne egenskapen utnyttes av fiskene om vinteren, når de små innsjøene de lever i får et tykt lag med is som begrenser tilførselen av oksygen fra luften til vannet, og dannelsen av oksygen fra vekster....

Awarded: NOK 8.0 mill.

Project Period: 2017-2021

Location: Oslo

FRIMEDBIO-Fri prosj.st. med.,helse,biol

The 8th international symposium of charr

The 8th INTERNATIONAL CHARR SYMPOSIUM will be held in Tromsø in June 2015. This is a conference aiming to gather scientists, students and management with a special interest in the Salvelinus genus (charr fishes). The charrs have played an important role i n the fields of ecology and evolution, an...

Awarded: NOK 0.25 mill.

Project Period: 2015-2015

Location: Troms - Romsa - Tromssa

FRIMEDBIO-Fri prosj.st. med.,helse,biol

Exposure and effects of emerging contaminants in marine and terrestrial birds of prey.

Prosjektets mål var å undersøke konsentrasjoner og effekter av nye miljøgifter i havørn- (Haliaeetus albicilla) og hønsehaukunger (Accipiter gentilis) fra Norge og Spania. De nye milljøgiftene som ble undersøkt var brom-, klor- og fosforflammehemmere og fluorinerte kjemikalier, etter at det ble f...

Awarded: NOK 3.6 mill.

Project Period: 2014-2018

Location: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

SANCOOP-South Africa - Norway research co-operation on climate, the environment og clean energy

Climate change - can lichens protect themselves using UV-induced melanins?

Laver dominerer i store områder for eksempel i tørre økosystemer og i Arktis og Antarktis. Økologisk er laver viktige både i Sør-Afrika og i Norge. For tørre områder i Sør-Afrika kan tap av laver føre til alvorlig erosjon. Dessuten kan tap av laver føre t il mindre nitrogenfiksering siden laver m...

Awarded: NOK 0.23 mill.

Project Period: 2014-2017

Location: Akershus

FRIMEDBIO-Fri prosj.st. med.,helse,biol

Mucosal immunology in Atlantic salmon: with focus on gills and the newly discovered interbrachial lymphatic tissue (ILT).

Grunnleggende kunnskap om immunsystemet hos laks og fisk generelt er en forutsetning for effektivt å kunne bekjempe smittsomme sykdommer som utgjør en alvorlig trussel for oppdrettsindustrien. Et immunologisk vev i laksens gjeller ble nylig beskrevet av vår gruppe. Det er lokalisert mellom primær...

Awarded: NOK 7.0 mill.

Project Period: 2013-2018

Location: Akershus

FRIMEDBIO-Fri prosj.st. med.,helse,biol

The smolt brain model: Unraveling nature´s regulation of neural plasticity

Limitations of neural plasticity in mammals make them vulnerable to insult with irreversible damage. We have discovered that the salmon brain undergoes a unique dramatic period of structural and chemical change mid-life during parr-smolt transformation (s moltification). Our main research goal ha...

Awarded: NOK 7.7 mill.

Project Period: 2013-2017

Location: Vestland

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

ParaCharr: Adaptation of charr to a changing polar environment.

The ParaCharr project proposes to investigate the adaptation of Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus), to the extreme polar environment through a multidisciplinary study of population biology, parasitology, physiology and genetics, with parasites and clock g enes selected as core study mechanisms. A...

Awarded: NOK 0.25 mill.

Project Period: 2013-2014

Location: Oslo

FRIMEDBIO-Fri prosj.st. med.,helse,biol

Identifying therapeutic targets and causes of dopaminergic neuronal degeneration using C. elegans high-throughput genetic approaches

Å forstå de molekylære mekanismene som er ansvarlige for nevrodegenerative sykdommer, som Parkinsons sykdom, er et område med aktiv etterforskning. Foreløpig er ingen sykdomsmodifiserende inngrep tilgjengelige, kun symptomatiske behandlinger. Bruken av små dyr til å studere neurodegenerativ sykdo...

Awarded: NOK 4.6 mill.

Project Period: 2012-2018

Location: Rogaland

FRIMEDBIO-Fri prosj.st. med.,helse,biol

A comparative approach to identifying genes linked to successful cognitive aging.

Honningbia er en av de best utviklede dyremodellene for studier av sosial adferd. Denne bia har også blitt mye brukt i forskning på læring og hukommelse. Vi har tidligere vist at honningbia har en fleksibel aldringsprosess som styres av sosiale relasjoner. Mye fokus innen aldringsforskning retter...

Awarded: NOK 3.5 mill.

Project Period: 2012-2017

Location: Akershus

IS-BILAT-Mobilitet Norge-USA /Canada

Environmental and developmental physiology in the Arctic: The green sea urchin as a representative of planktonic developing marine larvae.

The ease of availability and the ecological and economic importance of S. droebachiensis make this species an excellent candidate for integrative studies of developmental physiology of marine organisms in Arctic ecosystems. We propose to conduct studies f undamental to establishing the green sea ...

Awarded: NOK 64,000

Project Period: 2012-2013

Location: Vestland

FRIMEDBIO-Fri prosj.st. med.,helse,biol

Polar cod, lipid metabolism and disruption by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

Tidligere erfaringer har vist at utslipp av råolje kan ha viktige langsiktige økosystemeffekter på regionalt nivå, noe som kan føre til betydelige økonomiske konsekvenser gjennom tap av økosystemtjenester. I islagte farvann kan oljeutvinning anses som spesielt utfordrende fordi deteksjon og tilga...

Awarded: NOK 6.0 mill.

Project Period: 2012-2016

Location: Troms - Romsa - Tromssa

FRIMEDBIO-Fri prosj.st. med.,helse,biol

Nutritional Programming of Adipose Tissue Functions; The use of Atlantic salmon as a model organism for obesity

Excessive fat deposition, bone deformities, and inflammatory diseases are important problems faced by the intensive aquaculture industries today. Although not known for fish, these problems may be linked to nutritional programming at early life stages. Mo st species studied have high number of un...

Awarded: NOK 2.4 mill.

Project Period: 2011-2013

Location: Troms - Romsa - Tromssa