0 projects

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

Ocean Acidification in the Arctic: effects of ice

CARSIC will develop basic knowledge through studies related to process understanding of Arctic Ocean biogeochemistry and ocean acidification: aiming to estimate future carbonate system parameters state in the Arctic Ocean. We plan to work on a database, perform field studies in Svalbard, and ma...

Awarded: NOK 0.79 mill.

Project Period: 2013-2016

Location: Oslo

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

FREMONEC: Effect of climate change and related stressors on fresh and brackish water ecosystems in Svalbard

The Russian-Norwegian collaboration project FREMONEC aims to strengthen the cooperation between Norway and Russia on polar research in Svalbard. It will serve as a positive example for a network building in thematic areas relevant for both countries: impa cts of climate change, biodiversity and e...

Awarded: NOK 0.90 mill.

Project Period: 2013-2016

Location: Oslo

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

Spatial and temporal variability in sea ice and primary production dynamics of the Arctic Ocean

Biological production starts with photosynthesis, energy from the sun captured by plants and converted to carbohydrates. In the oceans, microscopic algae make up most of this production, they are the primary producers. With the extreme seasonality of the physical environment of the Arctic, parti...

Awarded: NOK 1.00 mill.

Project Period: 2013-2016

Location: Troms - Romsa - Tromssa

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

Bjerknes Compensation Mechanism: Historical perspective, geographical pattern, and Arctic multi-decadal predictability

Long runs (hundreds of years) of the global climate models and high-resolution climate proxy data sets provide an opportunity to study multi-decadal natural variability of the coupled atmospheric and oceanic circulation. The Nordic seas and the Arctic are regions were such a natural variability ...

Awarded: NOK 0.50 mill.

Project Period: 2013-2016

Location: Vestland

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

The CRYO-FImBack workshop - Atmospheric forcing and surface energy balance - impacts and feedbacks on the Arctic terrestrial cryosphere

Glaciers and permafrost are the two major components of the terrestrial cryosphere, which will be strongly affected by the changing climate system. A warming climate will change ground temperatures or the glacier mass balance, with important consequences, e.g. release of methane from thawing per...

Awarded: NOK 0.20 mill.

Project Period: 2013-2013

Location: Oslo

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

The Permian Strata of Svalbard (Support for event)

Several international research groups have been independently working on various geological issues connected to the Permian Strata of Svalbard in recent years. "The Permian Strata of Svalbard" is an international, multidisciplinary workshop intended to br ing together these diverse scientists and...

Awarded: NOK 0.13 mill.

Project Period: 2013-2013

Location: Troms - Romsa - Tromssa

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Tectono-sedimentary analysis of growth faults development, Billefjorden Trough. RiS ID 6045

During a summer field season 2013 I would like to investigate the growth faults and their impact into sedimentary facies distribution in the Billefjorden Trough, Svalbard. Two case areas will be examined: (1) the Løvehovden fault in Ebbadalen and Ragnarda len and (2) Odellfjellet and Balliolbreen...

Awarded: NOK 28,415

Project Period: 2013-2014

Location: Svalbard

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

Reconstruction of Environmental Histories Using Long-Lived Bivalve Shells in the Norwegian Arctic (RELIC)

Analysis of accreted calcium carbonate parts of marine animals has proven useful as a tool in reconstruction of marine environmental histories. In particular, the shells of long-lived bivalve molluscs have provided insight into recent and prehistoric clim atic conditions of tropical and temperate...

Awarded: NOK 1.1 mill.

Project Period: 2013-2016

Location: Troms - Romsa - Tromssa

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

Plant biomass studies in the Arctic (ArcticBiomass)

The main purpose is to establish a joint American-Norwegian research team dealing with research on the combination of field and satellite remote sensing based above-ground plant biomass, vegetation productivity and growing season mapping in northern Alask a and in Svalbard, as well as on a circum...

Awarded: NOK 1.1 mill.

Project Period: 2013-2016

Location: Troms - Romsa - Tromssa

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Microbial eukaryotes in an arctic marine ecosystem: who are they, where are they and how do they interact with their environment?

Arctic ecosystems are changing, and the urgency to understand the biodiversity and functional links of todays? ecosystems is apparent. The freshening of the Arctic Ocean has already led to a shift in the microbial communities, potentially altering the who le arctic food web from microbes to whale...

Awarded: NOK 38,999

Project Period: 2013-2013

Location: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Demography of geographical range limits of tundra plants in a changing climate, RiS ID 6174

This project will add to an existing study of the geographical ranges limits of a key climate indicator species, the tundra cushion plant Silene acaulis, across its latitudinal range in Europe. Existing sites from Sweden to Spain reach the southern range limit of the species, but adding sites i...

Awarded: NOK 21,505

Project Period: 2013-2014

Location: Svalbard

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Fungi-plant interaction: how can this affect sexual plant reproduction and population genetics? RIS ID 5009

The main aim of the project is to study spatial variation in fungal diversity, and its relation with biotic and abiotic factor. A special focus will be given to study the effect of fungi-plant interaction and the investment in asexual versus sexual plant reproduction by using B. vivipara as mode...

Awarded: NOK 41,999

Project Period: 2013-2013

Location: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Meroplankton seasonality in trophic interactions, RIS 5264 (umbrella project)

Many benthic organisms have planktonic life-stages (meroplankton). Meroplankton exhibit strong seasonality and can be quite numerous during peak occurrence. Relatively little is known about their dynamics and food requirements, even though they might have considerable impact both as grazers and ...

Awarded: NOK 29,689

Project Period: 2013-2014

Location: Svalbard

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Fieldwork to determine physiological adaptation of Arctic charr to changing polar climate (RiS ID 6209)

The field grant for the FieldCharr project will be used to investigate the adaptation of Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus), to the extreme polar environment through the study of physiology. As the only Arctic polar freshwater fish species, Arctic charr se rve as an important model in which to inv...

Awarded: NOK 27,999

Project Period: 2013-2016

Location: Oslo

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Spatial distribution of snow cover and drainage systems on the glaciers on Wedel Jarlsberg Land; RiS ID: 6158

The proposed project is focused on processes of development of the snow cover melting simultaneously on various glaciers on Wedel Jarlsberg Land and consequences to internal feeding and meltwater runoff and development of drainage systems. Fieldwork (sepa rated in spring and late autumn campaigns...

Awarded: NOK 59,999

Project Period: 2013-2014

Location: Svalbard

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Hydrochemistry and subglacial drainage pattern of the polythermal glacier Werenskioldbreen (SW Svalbard)

Project aims to develop the complex model of the chemical weathering in the glaciated basin which integrates the water geochemistry, subglacial drainage as well as hydrometeorological conditions. The proposed project will be conducted in the Werenskiold in the SW Svalbard and will consist of th...

Awarded: NOK 50,999

Project Period: 2013-2014

Location: Vestland

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Determination of reflected properties from snow surfaces in Svalbard RiS ID 6160

Albedo changes of the snow occur long before snow melts away completely. This can lead to a change in the radiation budget and therefore affects the radiative forcing in the vicinity of the station. Another effect that will be investigated is the influenc e of varying cloud cover to the amount of...

Awarded: NOK 29,272

Project Period: 2013-2014

Location: Akershus

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Identification of bivalve larvae from a time series study in Adventfjorden, Svalbard, using molecular tools.

Bivalvia have planktonic life-stages (meroplanktonic larvae). Several of them exhibit strong seasonality and can be quite numerous during peak occurrence. Bivalvia larvae are especially difficult to identify, since they exhibit very few or very small morp hological differences before they settle ...

Awarded: NOK 34,999

Project Period: 2013-2014

Location: Svalbard

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

Timing of ecological processes in Spitsbergen fjords - SpitsEco

Through the ARCTOS network (http://www.arctosresearch.net/), Norwegian and Russian scientist has developed a successful long lasting collaboration. Russian scientists and PhD students has participated in a number of projects such as PanAME (IPY project 26 ), Cleopatra (NFR funded 2007-2011), and ...

Awarded: NOK 0.90 mill.

Project Period: 2013-2018

Location: Svalbard

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Offshore gas / fluid seeps in Svalbard, RIS: 6112

Pockmark have been reported from several fjords in Svalbard, which are indicators of focused fluid flow in marine and lacustrine environments. Methane emissions from pockmarks, associated with the venting of gas from deep thermogenic sources, potentially unstable gas hydrates or thawing permafro...

Awarded: NOK 72,999

Project Period: 2013-2013

Location: Svalbard

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Estimating uncertainties and sources of error in population monitoring of the Svalbard reindeer (Rangifer tarandus platyrhynchus)RiS : 6188

Monitoring population dynamics of wild ungulates relies on accurate estimates of population size and vital rates. However, errors in population monitoring methods can be numerous (e.g. lack of repeated measurement, sampling time period, observer bias etc .) and in most studies they are not inves...

Awarded: NOK 42,999

Project Period: 2013-2014

Location: Troms - Romsa - Tromssa

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Permafrost and sedimentary history of a high-arctic valley: Adventdalen, Spitsbergen, RiS ID: 6176

This project will develop an environmental reconstruction of the permafrost and sedimentary history of the sediments in Adventdalen. This will be determined using cryostratigraphic and sedimentary evidence obtained from a 60 m permafrost core in conjunct ion with local climate, sea level variati...

Awarded: NOK 9,954

Project Period: 2013-2014

Location: Svalbard

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

RECONSTRUCTION OF LATE PLEISTOCENE DEPOSITIONAL ENVIRONMENTS USING FORAMINIFERA AT KAPP EKHOLM,SVALBARD (RiS ID 2562)

This project aims to reconstruct depositional environments and compare interglacial and interstadial sediments using foraminifera and sedimentary architecture (including GPR) at the beach cliff sections of Kapp Ekholm on Svalbard. A secondary aim is to tr y to connect lower level marine terraces ...

Awarded: NOK 21,999

Project Period: 2013-2013

Location: Svalbard

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Can an increase in body temperature be used as a measure of stress in Kittiwakes (Rissa Tridactyla)?, RiS ID: 2919

The aim of the study is to investigate if there is a correlation between the short-term handling-induced stress response, that is registered by standard CORT-measurements, and the simultaneously increase in body temperature in black-legged kittiwakes. Thi s has not yet been studied in any captive...

Awarded: NOK 76,999

Project Period: 2013-2013

Location: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Diversity of root-associated fungi connected to Salix polaris L. in newly colonized areas. RIS 6193

The project will investigate the biodiversity of fungi associated with the roots and rhizosphere of Salix polaris, an ecto-mycorrhizal dwarf shrub that is one of the first vascular plants that colonizes recently deglaciated areas in the High Arctic. We wi ll also attempt to identify possible biot...

Awarded: NOK 41,999

Project Period: 2013-2013

Location: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Field validation of metal-induced co-selection for antibiotic resistance in bacterial communities from pristine environments

This project will investigate metal-induced co-selection of antibiotic resistance in soils with no exposure to human use of antibiotics. By analysing resistance patterns in soil samples exposed to a range of metals, it is wished to gain the ability to tel l if co-selection is a modern phenomenon....

Awarded: NOK 10,260

Project Period: 2013-2014

Location: Svalbard

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Life history traits of copepods in a changing Arctic (RiS ID 6168)

Zooplankton communities of northern higher latitudes are dominated by large calanoid copepods of the genus Calanus spp. They are well adapted to the environment in which they live, making them indicators of factors that influence the health and productivi ty of marine ecosystems. Calanus spp. are...

Awarded: NOK 34,999

Project Period: 2013-2013

Location: Svalbard

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Deglaciation history and postglacial paleo-oceanographic evolution of the eastern Svalbard RIS 6170

This project aims at investigating the changes in the flow of Atlantic and Arctic waters onto the shallow shelf of the Barents Sea during Late Weichselian and Holocene by multiproxy approach. Gravity cores will be collected from northern Storfjorden and e ast of Barentsøya area and analyzed for s...

Awarded: NOK 71,999

Project Period: 2013-2013

Location: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Polar night ecology of pico- and nanoflagellates

The polar night period is considered as a period of limited biologic activity. However, recent studies have identified an assemblage of heterotrophic protists (Meshram et al. in prep), and a similar level of bacterial production as seen throughout the yea r (Seuthe et al. 2011/12). The aim of the...

Awarded: NOK 26,601

Project Period: 2013-2014

Location: Vestland

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Surface velocity and calving flux of Kronebreen RiS ID 6183

Kronebreen is among the 10 largest contributors to the total calving flux of the Svalbard archipelago. To estimate the calving flux detailed knowledge on the glacier velocity is needed which can be provided by synthetic aperture radar (SAR) satellite imag es. For the validation of those velocity ...

Awarded: NOK 65,197

Project Period: 2013-2014

Location: Oslo