0 projects

SKATT-Skatteøkonomi

Skatt og arbeidstilbud fra husholdninger

It is a well-established fact that econometrician do not wth certainty the preferences of households. Thus to the econometrician the preferences are random and probabilites can be derived to describe the behavior of the agents. This has been done by sever al reasearchers over the last two decades...

Awarded: NOK 1.0 mill.

Project Period: 2010-2011

Location: Oslo

FRIHUMSAM-Fri prosj.st. hum og sam

Improving competition policy

The aim of the project is to build a better knowledge base for the formulation of competition policy. First, we will analyse how existing rules and procedures and the current organization of the enforcement agency may lead to adverse outcomes, and how cur rent methods may be improved. An importan...

Awarded: NOK 5.0 mill.

Project Period: 2010-2014

Location: Vestland

SKATT-Skatteøkonomi

Dividend taxation and the timing of dividends for closely held firms

In 2006, Norway implemented a tax reform that implies that previously tax-exempt dividends now are taxed at a flat rate of 28 percent. Similar to portfolio investors, owners of closely held corporations can withdraw a tax-exempt amount of dividends (and c apital gains), the so-called Rate-of-Retu...

Awarded: NOK 1.2 mill.

Project Period: 2010-2011

Location: Oslo

SKATT-Skatteøkonomi

Taxation of Capital Gains in the Housing Market

Analyze the role played by capital gains in the formation of house prices and how taxation of such gains may reduce the volatility of prices, stabilize the housing market, and generate revenue. Construct a theoretical apparatus with two types of buyers, f irst-time and nth time, and examine diffe...

Awarded: NOK 0.81 mill.

Project Period: 2010-2011

Location: Oslo

SKATT-Skatteøkonomi

Corporate and Capital Taxation

The primary aim of this project is to study tax reform in an open economy and by doing so add knowledge to the evaluation process of the 2006 Norwegian tax reform. The first part of the project will address tax reform issues in the Norwegian economy and r elate them to the international debate of...

Awarded: NOK 1.0 mill.

Project Period: 2010-2011

Location: Vestland

SKATT-Skatteøkonomi

Timing of behavioural effects of tax changes. Interpretations and comparisons of results from microsimulation models and panel data approach

Individual behavioural response of taxation is at the heart of public policy. This is reflected in the economic literature by a large number of articles presenting evidence on how taxes influence individual behaviour. At the Research Department of Statist ics Norway, the importance of this policy...

Awarded: NOK 0.73 mill.

Project Period: 2010-2011

Location: Oslo

SKATT-Skatteøkonomi

Tax avoidance and ownership structure: Evidence from Norway

The Shareholder income tax was introduced in 2006, but until now there has been little empirical evaluation of the effect of this in theory neutral tax on the behaviour of owners and firms. We provide an evaluation of the effects of the Shareholder income tax in two particular dimensions: the ef...

Awarded: NOK 0.55 mill.

Project Period: 2010-2011

Location: Oslo

SAMF-Fagkomiteen for samfunnsvitenskap

Det 32. norske forskermøte for økonomer 2010 på Universitetet i Agder, Kristiansand

Forskermøtet 2010 skal avholdes på Universitetet i Agder 5.- 6. januar. Forskermøte 2010 skal ha følgende plenumsforedrag: 1. Samuel Pufendorf - Den moderne økonomis bestefar ved professor Arild Sæther, UiA 2. Økonomenes møte med finanskrisen - eller var det omvendt? professor Jochen Jungeil...

Awarded: NOK 0.12 mill.

Project Period: 2010-2010

Location: Oslo

TJENESTER-Helse- og omsorgstjenester

Biopharmaceuticals in European hospitals: A comparative study of demand and reimbursement of innovative drugs

Pharmaceutical treatment are of growing importance in hospitals. Annual cost of pharmaceuticals in Norwegian hospitals has increased by 100 percent (in real terms) over a ten years period, and has by now reached 3 billion NOK per year. New and expensive d rugs have improved treatment of cancer, r...

Awarded: NOK 4.5 mill.

Project Period: 2010-2013

Location: Oslo

FRIHUMSAM-Fri prosj.st. hum og sam

The law and economics of relational contracts

Contracts form the web of the economy. The ability of parties to enter into voluntary contractual agreements is essential for economic exchange and prosperity. There are basically two devices that govern contracts: Contract law and norms. Contract law se ts the legal rules of exchanging parties'...

Awarded: NOK 5.8 mill.

Project Period: 2010-2014

Location: Rogaland

BIONÆR-Bionæringsprogram

Salmon Market Analysis Modules (SMAM)

SMAM will be an integrated empirical modeling framework to estimate and simulate the effects of policy, economic and resource factors on the supply, demand, price and global trade of salmon. Based on this, we will also be able to predict future profitabil ity levels of the salmon farming industry...

Awarded: NOK 9.2 mill.

Project Period: 2010-2015

Location: Viken

VERDIKT-Kjernekomp.og verdiskaping IKT

NOKIOS, Norsk konferanse for IKT i offentlig sektor

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Awarded: NOK 49,999

Project Period: 2009-2009

Location: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

FRISAM-Fri prosjektstøtte samfunnsvitenskap

EUI - Comparing tax policy change in Scandinavia: welfare capitalism reformed?

I propose a comparative analysis of tax policy change in the Scandinavian countries of Norway, Sweden and Denmark since the 1980´s. The perspective is political economic and based on an understanding of the tax system as a crucial part of the Scandinavian welfare state regime. The comparative me...

Awarded: NOK 1.7 mill.

Project Period: 2009-2012

Location: Ukjent Fylke

NORKLIMA-Klimaendringer og konsekvenser for Norge

Improving international cooperation on emission abatement

A deeper, broader and methodologically varied analysis of international climate cooperation: * International climate treaty design. Extending game theoretic models to analyse the effects of novel mechanisms on incentives for participation, compliance and enforcement in future international clim...

Awarded: NOK 7.5 mill.

Project Period: 2009-2012

Location: Oslo

SAMF-Fagkomiteen for samfunnsvitenskap

Det 31. norske forskermøte for økonomer 2009 på Universitetet i Bergen

Forskermøtet 2009 skal avholdes på Universitetet i Bergen 5.- 6. januar. Forskermøte 2009 skal ha følgende plenumsforedrag: 1. Tjenester: handel, handelsavtaler og handelshindringer ved Senior analyst/Professor II Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås, OECD/UiB 2. Om byttemarkeder som ikke-kooperative spill...

Awarded: NOK 0.12 mill.

Project Period: 2009-2009

Location: Oslo

SAMRISK-Samfunnssikkerhet og risiki

Understanding 'financial security' in an age of uncertain

Financial securitization was heralded by orthodox economists to reduce societal risk through novel forms and techniques of risk management. It is all the more perplexing then, how a celebrated model of risk optimization can itself pose an unexpected threa t to a few distant municipalities in the ...

Awarded: NOK 0.47 mill.

Project Period: 2009-2011

Location: Oslo

MILJØ2015-Norsk miljøforskning mot 2015

TVERS: Sustainable development indicators (SDI) in the context of the precautionary principle

The project is divided into four parts labeled as working packages (WP). They will, however, be integrated as the results of the different phases will be combined. The theoretical results of the first phase will be used in the more empirical discussions r egarding specific indicators, and this wi...

Awarded: NOK 9.0 mill.

Project Period: 2009-2012

Location: Oslo

HELSEVEL-Gode og effektive helse-, omsorgs- og velferdstjenester

More for less: Why is Norway special? Issues in comparing health costs and outcomes

According to data from the OECD Finland spent only about half as much as Norway on health care per capita in 2005. At the same time Finland did not do dramatically worse than Norway on many measures of health. In general, data from OECD seem to indicate t hat the relationship between health expen...

Awarded: NOK 5.0 mill.

Project Period: 2009-2015

Location: Oslo

FORSKSKOLE-Forskerskoler

National Research School in Business Economics and Administration

Nasjonal forskerskolen i bedriftsøkonomi (NFB) bidrar til å øke kvaliteten på doktorgradsutdanningen i bedriftsøkonomiske fag i Norge. Det organiseres kurs og workshops med internasjonalt anerkjente forelesere. Kursene er i det vesentlig spesialkurs som gir et klart bidrag utover det institusjone...

Awarded: NOK 22.9 mill.

Project Period: 2009-2017

Location: Vestland

NORKLIMA-Klimaendringer og konsekvenser for Norge

Designing feasible and efficient climate policies

No policy can be implemented or sustained for any length of time without public support. Several important examples of failures to implement new Piougivan tax schemes bear testimony to this. In order to design Pigouvian taxes that are both efficient and f easible we need to understand why it is s...

Awarded: NOK 3.7 mill.

Project Period: 2009-2011

Location: Oslo

SKATT-Skatteøkonomi

Empirically based optimal taxation of labour income in the dual income tax system

1. Build a structural random utility labour supply model using relatively new Norwegian data. 2. Find the optimal rate structure on labour income taxation, conditional on welfare functions, and conditional on the capital tax rate, within a realistic clas s of tax systems that contains an approxi...

Awarded: NOK 0.50 mill.

Project Period: 2008-2010

Location: Oslo

BEDSAM-Bedriftens samfunnsansvar

Nasjonal konferanse om bedriftenes samfunnsansvar, 11. november 2008, Stavanger

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Awarded: NOK 0.15 mill.

Project Period: 2008-2009

Location: Rogaland

HELSEVEL-Gode og effektive helse-, omsorgs- og velferdstjenester

Studies in Quality and Cost of Care for the Elderly

This project aims at providing knowledge of some issues highlighted in Report no. 25 (2005-2006) to the Storting about the future challenges in long-term care. The report states that more knowledge about governance, management and leadership is required. We respond to this concern by offering a p...

Awarded: NOK 8.0 mill.

Project Period: 2008-2017

Location: Oslo

TJENESTER-Helse- og omsorgstjenester

VALUING HEALTH BENEFITS IN ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF HEALTH CARE PROGRAMMES

Economic evaluation is increasingly used for priority setting in health care. Almost any health care programme has elements of improvements in survival time (longevity) or health related quality of life (HRQoL). With respect to time, the current standard methods for economic evaluation assume tha...

Awarded: NOK 4.5 mill.

Project Period: 2008-2012

Location: Oslo

SAMRISK-Samfunnssikkerhet og risiki

Societal risks and risk society in a cross-disciplinary and cross-stakeholder dialogue perspective

Our project suggests to develop, market and arrange altogether five seminars with topics of joint interest for the SAMRISK programme target groups, for the programme community itself and for our centre with its insurance business target groups. Along with such work we expect to build a sustainab...

Awarded: NOK 0.50 mill.

Project Period: 2008-2010

Location: Oslo

SKATT-Skatteøkonomi

Tax reform 2006 and individual behavioural responses

One fruitful and much used approach to assess the effect of tax reforms is to calculate the elasticity of taxable income sometimes labelled as the new tax responsiveness literature. Early contributions to this literature are the work conducted by Lindsey (1987) and Feldstein (1995). More recent c...

Awarded: NOK 1.1 mill.

Project Period: 2008-2010

Location: Oslo

SKATT-Skatteøkonomi

Consequences of taxation on corporate financial structure and real investments: Empirical analyses

A prominent advantage of the 2006 tax reform is its neutrality with respect to marginal investment decisions, regardless of the preferred choice of financing, combined with a rather high average tax rate caused by double taxation. The investment neutralit y property is due to two features of the ...

Awarded: NOK 2.3 mill.

Project Period: 2008-2010

Location: Oslo

SKATT-Skatteøkonomi

An empirical analysis of cross-border income shifting among small and medium sized companies.(Videreføring av 179809/S20)

MNCs may take advantage of international differences in tax rates in order to maximize their global after tax return. This can be done by transfer price manipulations or financing decisions. Empirical evidence (primarily based on US data) suggest that MNC s are involved in such tax planning activ...

Awarded: NOK 0.70 mill.

Project Period: 2008-2010

Location: Oslo

SKATT-Skatteøkonomi

Housing and the Macroeconomy: What Role for Taxation?

We establish a full hedonic house price model for Norway and employ the model to impute the implicit income/consumption-stream owner-occupiers receive from their homes. and utilize the imputations to establish an overview of the full tax base in Norway, i ncluding labor income, capital income, an...

Awarded: NOK 1.0 mill.

Project Period: 2008-2009

Location: Oslo

SKATT-Skatteøkonomi

Relevation of tax evasion by random audits, Main Project, Part 2

Various methods used in different countries to estimate the overall magnitude of tax evasion have produced widely diverging results, both within and between countries. The idea of the present study is that random audits by experienced auditors will produc e a rather well-founded basis for estimat...

Awarded: NOK 0.50 mill.

Project Period: 2008-2009

Location: Oslo