0 projects

TEKNO-Naturvitenskap, grunnleggende teknologi

Mathematical modelling of macrosegregation formation caused by deformation caused by deformation of the mushy zone

A major cause of unacceptable cast metallic products is macrosegregation, which is encountered in most solidification processes. This defect refers to the uncontrolled redistributon of alloying elements during solidification that leads to large-scale comp osition inhomogeneities. Macrosegregation...

Awarded: NOK 0.47 mill.

Project Period: 2002-2004

Location: Oslo

SUP-NHD-Strategiske UoH-progr.fin.NHD

Bacillus cereus, Bacillus anthracis and Bacillus thuringiensis: comparative genomics and functional analysis

This project aims at advancing the current state of the art by: 1) Revealing the control mechanisms for expression of PlcR, to clarify whether additional factors are involved in transcriptional control of the PlcR-regulated genes and of plcR itself, to identify additional genes under PlcR regulat...

Awarded: NOK 9.9 mill.

Project Period: 2002-2011

Location: Oslo

FORMNT-Formidlingsprogrammet MNT

Matematikk.org - et elektronisk torg for matematikkinteresserte

For å oppnå disse målene ønsker man å bygge opp et nettsted med tilrettelagt stoff for de aktuelle målgruppene. Det er av overordnet betydning at mest mulig av innholdet er på norsk samt at det inngår stor grad av interaktivitet. Innhold Det vil bli en kombinasjon av egenprodusert materiale sa...

Awarded: NOK 1.9 mill.

Project Period: 2002-2007

Location: Oslo

NORKLIMA-Klimaendringer og konsekvenser for Norge

Light scattering and absorption by nonspherical particles in the atmosphere and the ocean - VIDEREFØRING AV 127696/720

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Awarded: NOK 0.32 mill.

Project Period: 2002-2005

Location: Vestland

AB-MED1-Basal medisinsk forskning I

Intracellulær transport av MHC klasse II og "invariant chain"

Prosjektets mål er å studere intracellulær transport av membranproteiner i mammalske celler. Prosjektet har fokusert på proteiner som sorteres til de endosomale spor, spesielt immunologisk relaterte proteiner. Prosjektet ønsker videre å studere interaksjo ner mellom sorteringssignal og adaptor mo...

Awarded: NOK 0.30 mill.

Project Period: 2002-2005

Location: Oslo

KOSK-Katalyse og organisk syntetisk kjemi

Synthesis of agelasines and evaluation of their antimycobacterial activity

Tuberculosis (TB) is the major cause of death from a single infectious agent among adults in developing countries and there has been a revival of TB in the industrialized world. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis defined as resistance to the two most import ant drugs, isoniazid and rifampicin, is a...

Awarded: NOK 3.1 mill.

Project Period: 2002-2007

Location: Oslo

CLIMIT-Forskning, utvikling og demo av CO2-håndtering

Safe long terms storage of CO2 in Aquifers

In order to reduce the emissions of CO<sub>2</sub> to the atmosphere, and thus reduce the potential impact of greenhouse gases on the climate it is important to develop strategies for safe long term storage of CO<sub>2</sub> . The main goal of this prog ram is to develop a numerical simulation ...

Awarded: NOK 10.8 mill.

Project Period: 2002-2006

Location: Vestland

F-MAT-Naturvitenskap, matematikk

Morse theory and diffeomorhism

Morse theory is built on the idea that the singularity structure of smooth functions on a differntiable manifold may give rise to a cell structure on the manifold, and hence will determine its homotopy type. This often makes sense also for infinite dimens ional manifolds, and the objective of thi...

Awarded: NOK 1.6 mill.

Project Period: 2001-2005

Location: Oslo

F-MAT-Naturvitenskap, matematikk

Potenssumvarieteten til apolare former tilordnet aritmetiske Gorenstein varieteter

Når et homogent polynom (form) f er skrevet som en sum av potenser av lineære former, sier vi at dette er en potenssumpresentasjon av f. En form f er sokkelgrad generatoren eller den apolare formen til en gradert Artinsk Gorenstein algebra. Til den aritme tiske Gorenstein varietet X av dimension ...

Awarded: NOK 1.6 mill.

Project Period: 2001-2004

Location: Oslo

TEKNO-Naturvitenskap, grunnleggende teknologi

Measurement of minimum electric spark ignition energy of dust clouds in the energy range 0.1-10 mJ

Basic context: An electric spark is a complex ignition source, and a dust cloud is a complex fuel. The very hot plasma generated, by dissipating electric energy in the gap between the spark electrodes, transfers heat to the dust particles both by thermal radiation and convection/conduction. The ...

Awarded: NOK 1.7 mill.

Project Period: 2001-2005

Location: Vestland

F-GEO-Naturvitenskap, geofag

Fluid flow and overpressure in fault zones and fracture systems in West Norway

To analyse groundwater flow and potential yield in fault zones in West Norway, and to characterise fluid flow in fracture networks outside these fault zones, there will be: - Statistical studies and modelling of groundwater-conducting fracture systems (re servoirs) using extensive new field data ...

Awarded: NOK 1.7 mill.

Project Period: 2001-2005

Location: Vestland

F-FYS-Naturvitenskap, fysikk

Subatomic theory

Present subatomic physics targets highly energetic, extreme forms of matter, which were present in the early universe and exists in neutron stars. Theoretical research shows the way for this research by predicting new states and properties of matter. When such are found, it takes a joint theoreti...

Awarded: NOK 1.3 mill.

Project Period: 2001-2004

Location: Vestland

F-KJEM-Naturvitenskap, kjemi

Order-disorder in grossly non-stoichiometric oxides: a combined experimental and theoretical approach

Grossly disordered compounds present considerable challenge to the experimentalist and to the theoretician. Order and disorder in such systems are usually described either from a structural chemist's point of view or from a high-temperature perspective. A structural chemist often describes ordere...

Awarded: NOK 1.4 mill.

Project Period: 2001-2005

Location: Oslo

F-FYS-Naturvitenskap, fysikk

Gamma-ray scatter applied to industrial measurement systems

Dei siste åra har det vore aukande interesse for å bruke spreidd gammastråling i permanente online system. Det er fleire grunnar til dette: Spreiingstverrsnittet avheng av absorbatoren på ein annan måte enn det fotoelektriske absorbsjonstverrsnittet. Ved å kombinere målingar av absorbsjon og spr...

Awarded: NOK 1.3 mill.

Project Period: 2001-2004

Location: Vestland

F-GEO-Naturvitenskap, geofag

Groundwater residence times and contaminant transport in the Gardermoen aquifer

The Gardermoen aquifer has been object for extensive research in recent years, however the efforts have been focused on the upper part of the aquifer. There is limited knowledge on deep groundwater at Gardermoen in particular, and in Norway in general. Es pecially regarding renewal of the groundw...

Awarded: NOK 1.5 mill.

Project Period: 2001-2005

Location: Oslo

F-KJEM-Naturvitenskap, kjemi

Antibacterial fluoroquinolone drug binding to DNA mediated by metal ions

Over the last decade the fluoroquinolones have become a dominant class of antibacterial agents. How these drugs kill bacteria remains unclear. A large amount of biological data has indicated that the functional target for the drug action is the enzyme DNA gyrase, however, models involving direct ...

Awarded: NOK 1.4 mill.

Project Period: 2001-2005

Location: Vestland

F-KJEM-Naturvitenskap, kjemi

Water quality monitoring - novel miniaturised screening methods for organic compounds in water

There is an increasing demand for new analytical high-speed techniques, which can measure components at low concentrations of environmental samples. Miniaturisation is a key word when it comes to development of such new techniques. The environment is cons tantly receiving new pollutants from huma...

Awarded: NOK 1.3 mill.

Project Period: 2001-2004

Location: Oslo

F-FYS-Naturvitenskap, fysikk

2D- and 3D-models of the solar wind acceleration region

During the change of polarity of the solar magnetic field the upper solar atmosphere is very active and the reversal of the solar magnetic field is believed to be closely connected to the acceleration of Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs). The CMEs may result in a large perpendicular component in the...

Awarded: NOK 1.4 mill.

Project Period: 2001-2004

Location: Oslo

F-GEO-Naturvitenskap, geofag

Mass transport in free barotropic and baroclinic Sverdrup waves in a viscous rotating ocean

The fact that friction significantly modifies long barotropic waves was first demonstrated by Sverdrup (1927) and Fjeldstad (1929) in their analyses of the semi-diurnal tides on the North Siberian Shelf. Features such as reduced phase speed, decreasing am plitude as the waves progress and phase l...

Awarded: NOK 1.5 mill.

Project Period: 2001-2004

Location: Oslo

F-KJEM-Naturvitenskap, kjemi

The phase behaviour and dynamics of organic nanocrystals studied by NMR

About ten years ago scientists began to learn how mesoporous materials with controlled and uniform pore size could be tailor-made, the so-called M41S and FSM-16 materials. These materials possess regular hexagonal or cubic arrays of uniform channels betwe en approximately 16 and 100 <.zeta.> in d...

Awarded: NOK 1.3 mill.

Project Period: 2001-2005

Location: Vestland

F-FYS-Naturvitenskap, fysikk

Rydberg atoms and molecules in external electromegnetic fields

The project will extend the initial collaboration with the Aarhus experimental group (E. Horsdal Pedersen) on Rydberg atoms in time dependent external fields. The first part of the project will be a direct extension of the M.Sc work on the dynamics of Li( n=25) atoms. Models for two specific fiel...

Awarded: NOK 1.4 mill.

Project Period: 2001-2004

Location: Vestland

AB-MED1-Basal medisinsk forskning I

Dechiffrering av den epigenetiske kode: Karakterisering av spesifisitet i interaksjon mellom PHD-fingerproteiner og nukleosomer

Regulering av genuttrykking spiller en sentral rolle i utvikling av alle kroppens organer og vev. Feil genregulering kan være en medvirkende årsak til utvikling av f.eks. kreft og autoimmune sykdommer. Prosjektet bygger på tesen om at klassiske DNA-binde nde transkripsjonsfaktorer ikke alene kan...

Awarded: NOK 1.4 mill.

Project Period: 2001-2004

Location: Vestland

IKTHELSE-IKT i helsetjenesten

Volumetrisk ultralyd datainnsamling

Prosjektet tar siktet på å gi bidrag til utviklingen av sanntids 3D ultralydsystemer med anvendelse innen medisin. Sanntids 3D avbildning krever 2D matrisearray transducere uten bevegelige deler. En rett fram implementering av denne teknologien forhindres på grunn av kompleksitet. Systemets komp...

Awarded: NOK 1.7 mill.

Project Period: 2001-2004

Location: Oslo

F-GEO-Naturvitenskap, geofag

The interaction between subglacial hydrology, basal sliding and the basal ice at Engabreen, Norway

A major unsolved problem in glaciology concerns the interaction between glacier basal sliding and the subglacial hydrologic system. Despite four decades of modern theorizing and field endeavors, the role of the subglacial drainage system in modulating the speed at which glaciers flow is still rel...

Awarded: NOK 1.5 mill.

Project Period: 2001-2005

Location: Oslo

KOSK-Katalyse og organisk syntetisk kjemi

Metal Complex Catalysis in Conversion of Natural Gas to Value-Added Products

Norway has large reserves of natural gas. Today, it is mainly exported as is, with only a minor part being processed domestically into value-added products. This project is aimed at contributing to economically and ecologically improved processes for conv erting natural gas into value-added produ...

Awarded: NOK 1.4 mill.

Project Period: 2001-2005

Location: Oslo

F-INF-Naturvitenskap, informatikk

Spesifikasjon og implementasjon av sanntidssystemer i omskrivningslogikk

Prosjektet ønsker å utvikle en metodologi for spesifikasjon og implementasjon av sanntidssystemer ved bruk av omskrivningslogikk i både spesifikasjons- og implementasjonsfasen. Dette fører til en forholdsvis liten avstand mellom spesifikasjon og implement asjon, noe som i sin tur fører til billig...

Awarded: NOK 1.2 mill.

Project Period: 2001-2004

Location: Oslo

MARE-Marine ressurser,miljø og forv

Proteome ecotoxicology - a new strategy for developing biomarker tests for environmental monitoring, Postdr.stip.og utenlstip. til Danmark

Prosjektsammendrag: Inducible genes make attractive candidates for biomarkers, i.e. molecular and cellular responses to chemical exposure indicating adverse effects to organisms. The proteome represents the functional genome of a cell, i.e. that part of the genome expressed as proteins under a ce...

Awarded: NOK 1.8 mill.

Project Period: 2001-2006

Location: Vestland

F-KJEM-Naturvitenskap, kjemi

Fotoelektronspektroskopi og kjemisk reaktivitet for umettede organiske forbindelser

Moderne synkrotronstråling kombinert med avanserte elektronspektrometre har åpnet nye muligheter til å studere bindingsenergien til molekylenes indre elektroner. Den høye oppløsningen som kan oppnås ved slike synkrotronlaboratorier har dermed gjort det mu lig å oppnå ny informasjon om molekylets ...

Awarded: NOK 1.3 mill.

Project Period: 2001-2007

Location: Vestland

F-INF-Naturvitenskap, informatikk

Nye problemer i kodeteori: Newtonradius, dobbeltkjedeegenskapen og vekthierarki

Med økende digital kommunikasjon blir behovet for sterk krypterin større. Eksempler på områder hvor man trenger kryptering er pengetransaksjoner på internett og elektronisk utveksling av hemmelige og fortrolige dokumenter (f.eks. pasientjournaler). Det fi nnes i dag ingen praktiske krypteringsalg...

Awarded: NOK 1.8 mill.

Project Period: 2001-2004

Location: Vestland

IKT2010-Grunnleggende IKT-forskning

INCO - Incremental and component-based software development

The high costs and high failure rate of present software projects call for better technologies and work processes for software development and maintenance. In recent years, incremental and component-based development have been proposed as remedies - separ ate or combined - to reduce development t...

Awarded: NOK 7.0 mill.

Project Period: 2001-2004

Location: Oslo