0 projects

FRINAT-Matematikk og naturvitenskap

Vibronic contributions to higher-order molecular properties

In recent years we have had a strong interest toward the development of methods for calculating higher-order molecular properties and vibrational contributions to these properties. The present proposal will seek to extend this work from scattering process es to absorption processes, and in partic...

Awarded: NOK 4.5 mill.

Project Period: 2007-2011

Location: Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku - Tromssa ja Finmarkku

FRINAT-Matematikk og naturvitenskap

Environmentally Friendly Fungicides, Combinatorial Synthesis and Screening of Chitooligosaccharides

The research proposed in this project application complements ongoing activities on the use of chitooligosaccharides (CHOS) as environmentally friendly fungicides. CHOS inhibit chitinases, enzymatic systems that allows fungi to grow. The project focuses o n chemical approaches to production of fu...

Awarded: NOK 4.5 mill.

Project Period: 2007-2011

Location: Viken

FRINAT-Matematikk og naturvitenskap

Microwave studies of unsaturated compounds with hetero atoms, as well as molecules of interstellar and prebiotic interest

An application is made for a 2 years post doc position. The cooperation will primarily be between our lab in Oslo and with the lab of Directeur de Recherche CNRS, Dr. Jean-Claude Guillemin in Rennes, France. Directeur de Recherche CRNS, Dr. Jean Demaison, Lille, will also take part in this coope...

Awarded: NOK 1.5 mill.

Project Period: 2007-2010

Location: Oslo

FRINAT-Matematikk og naturvitenskap

Personnel for biological Raman and magnetic circular dichroism studies

A new highly sensitive CCD Raman instrument with a CW laser and a pulsed laser has just been installed for the total cost around 8200 kNOK. The use of this Raman instrument in biological sciences, with large wavelength excitation range 205 to 1020 nm, for obtaining specially resonances Raman is ...

Awarded: NOK 5.7 mill.

Project Period: 2007-2011

Location: Oslo

FRINAT-Matematikk og naturvitenskap

Thermoresponsive Polymer Brushes on Nanoparticles and Surfaces

An interesting category of amphiphilic polymer systems are those that undergo phase transitions in response to environmental stimuli such as temperature and pH. These have been widely investigated for drug delivery, separations, and diagnostics applicatio ns. A key temperature-responsive class is...

Awarded: NOK 4.7 mill.

Project Period: 2007-2011

Location: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

FRINAT-Matematikk og naturvitenskap

Conversion of natural gas to hydrocarbons over acidic zeolite type catalysts.

The high oil price and concern for CO2 emission make processes for conversion of natural gas to fuel and chemicals highly desirable. First generation catalysts and processes exists, UOP/Hydros MTO, Exxon/Mobile?s MTG, Haldor Topsøes TIGAS. All processes h ave a large potential for improvement, pa...

Awarded: NOK 2.6 mill.

Project Period: 2007-2011

Location: Oslo

F-KJEM-Naturvitenskap, kjemi

European Conference on Neutron Scattering

ECNS-2007, the 4th European Conference on Neutron Scattering, will be held in Lund, Sweden from 25th to 29th June 2007. This meeting is organised on behalf of the European Neutron Scattering Association (ENSA) by the Norwegian, Danish and Swedish Neutron Scattering Associations, and Lund Universi...

Awarded: NOK 80,000

Project Period: 2007-2007

Location: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

FRINAT-Matematikk og naturvitenskap

Exploring the chemistry of the heaviest elements with the automated liquid-liquid extraction system SISAK

The principal objective is to discover and probe the chemical properties of the heaviest elements known, the transactinides.. The transactinides can only be produced artificially, since their nuclei are unstable and will disintegrate shortly after they ar e produced. They are, though, a unique te...

Awarded: NOK 4.5 mill.

Project Period: 2007-2011

Location: Oslo

FRINAT-Matematikk og naturvitenskap

Recycling of automotive aluminium

Nytt prosjektsammendrag: The global demand for aluminium and aluminium alloy products is increasing. When used in the automotive sector, this material can facilitate lower fuel consumption (less CO2 emissions), enhanced human safety and can easily be inte grated in modern low-weight, clean energy...

Awarded: NOK 2.2 mill.

Project Period: 2007-2010

Location: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

F-KJEM-Naturvitenskap, kjemi

21th International Symposium on Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds, Trondheim, NORWAY, August 5th-10th, 2007

The ISPAC-symposiums are arranged biannually, and are alternating between Europe and US/Canada. The 21th symposium has been awarded to Norway. The Norwegian University of Science and Technology will hoist the symposium from August 5th to August 10th in 2007. The last symposium was hoisted in ...

Awarded: NOK 0.10 mill.

Project Period: 2007-2007

Location: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

FRINAT-Matematikk og naturvitenskap

Characterization of Novel Amphiphilic Polymer Systems.

To gain a fundamental insight into temperature responsive polymer systems, we plan to carry out an extensive investigation on some novel thermoresponsive polymers. This project consists of three parts: 1. Shear-rate dependency of inter- and intramolecula r interactions in dilute solutions of amp...

Awarded: NOK 4.1 mill.

Project Period: 2007-2010

Location: Oslo

FRINAT-Matematikk og naturvitenskap

Self-consistent field methods for periodic and non-periodic electronic systems

The purpose of the project is to develop a flexible scheme for quantum-mechanical simimulations of the electronc structre of large molecules and periodic infinite systems such as crystals, implemented in a computer code. The simulations are to be carried out using self-consistent field theor: the...

Awarded: NOK 2.4 mill.

Project Period: 2006-2010

Location: Oslo

F-KJEM-Naturvitenskap, kjemi

Partial funding of Invited and Keynote Lecturers at the 8th International Hydrocolloids Conference

Department of Biotechnology at the Norwgian University of Science and Technology will, in the period of June 18-22 2006, be hosting the 8th International Hydrocolloids Conference. This is a true honour since for the first time one of these conferences is to be arranged in Europe, and we expect th...

Awarded: NOK 0.10 mill.

Project Period: 2006-2006

Location: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

FRINAT-Matematikk og naturvitenskap

Near-optimal operation of chemical processes using feedback

This project is related to a larger activity in plantwide control performed in group of Professor Sigurd Skogestad at NTNU. Plantwide control deals primarily with the structural issues of the control system, such as what to measure and control, which inpu ts to use, and how to pair these sets of ...

Awarded: NOK 3.7 mill.

Project Period: 2006-2010

Location: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

FRINAT-Matematikk og naturvitenskap

Hydrogen in oxides

The project undertakes fundamental investigations of hydrogen species in oxides; protons, neutral hydrogen, and hydride ions. The project will contribute to the long-term development and understanding of proton conductors (for fuel cells and electrolyze rs), hydrogen separation membranes, and n...

Awarded: NOK 7.7 mill.

Project Period: 2006-2011

Location: Oslo

FRINAT-Matematikk og naturvitenskap

Proton Transfer Reactions at Pt Complexes that are Involved in Hydrocarbon C H Activation

The "Shilov system" of aqueous Pt salts is capable of reacting with aliphatic and aromatic C-H bonds leading to value-added chemicals from cheap hydrocarbons. The first step in the Shilov system is the reaction of a Pt metal center with the C-H bond to pr ovide a Pt-C bond and a proton. - This pr...

Awarded: NOK 2.1 mill.

Project Period: 2006-2009

Location: Oslo

FRINAT-Matematikk og naturvitenskap

Rare-Earth Metal-Based Ziegler-Natta Catalysts. Structure-Reactivity Relations in Homogeneous and Heterogenized Catalysts

The long-term goal of the project is to systematically study the reaction pathways and activation sequences in empirically designed multicomponent Ziegler-Natta catalysts and, based on fundamental insights, to develop more efficient polymerization catalys ts. The focus of the predominantly synth...

Awarded: NOK 3.8 mill.

Project Period: 2006-2009

Location: Vestland

F-KJEM-Naturvitenskap, kjemi

Molecular modeling study of CO2 absorption

In the first stage of the project level of modeling will be selected and technical issues will be addressed. The aim will be to use advanced representations of all components of the CO2-amine-water system, while at the same time making sure calculations d o not become too time consuming. Once lev...

Awarded: NOK 1.7 mill.

Project Period: 2006-2008

Location: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

FRINAT-Matematikk og naturvitenskap

Synthesis of Agelasines, Asmarines and Analogs, and Evaluation of Their Bioactivities

Project summary Agelasines are 7,9-dialkylpurinium salts isolated from marine sponges (Agelas sp.) and asmarines are neutral purine derivatives isolated from Raspaila sp. sponges. These two classes of purine natural products are structurally related; they both contain terpenoid side chains. Up t...

Awarded: NOK 4.3 mill.

Project Period: 2006-2010

Location: Oslo

F-KJEM-Naturvitenskap, kjemi

EUCHEM 2006 Conference on Organic Free Radicals

Free organic radicals and radical chemistry has a great and continuous increasing interest within a large variety of research areas. In order to satisfy the crucial interaction between researchers and research groups worldwide working within this research topic. A request was directed to Scandin...

Awarded: NOK 0.10 mill.

Project Period: 2006-2006

Location: Vestland

F-KJEM-Naturvitenskap, kjemi

Cirrus cloud mimic surfaces in the laboratory: organic acids, bases and NOx heterogeneous reactions

It is proposed to investigate the mechanisms of heterogeneous reactions taking place between the important tropospheric constituents, NO2, NO, H2O2 and NH3 and certain simple carboxylic acids on water-ice surfaces. The systems employed will be relevant to the characterization of "missing" atmosp...

Awarded: NOK 0.55 mill.

Project Period: 2006-2006

Location: Ukjent Fylke

F-KJEM-Naturvitenskap, kjemi

Plantwide control of chemical processes

Recently, Skogestad (2004} have also proposed a systematic method for control structure. The proposed research will focus on further improvement of this method, including the following issues: 1. Self-optimizing Control 2. Achievable decentralized perfor mance 3. Decentralized integral controlla...

Awarded: NOK 1.4 mill.

Project Period: 2005-2007

Location: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

FRINAT-Matematikk og naturvitenskap

Molecular Dynamics Lattice Gas

The aim of the proposed PhD project is to develop a simulation technique, Molecular Dynamics Lattice Gas (MDLG), for simulating chemical systems consisting of self-assembling molecular complexes and macromolecules. The vision is that MDLG will become a co rner stone in an effort to create a multi...

Awarded: NOK 1.5 mill.

Project Period: 2005-2008

Location: Ukjent Fylke

FRINAT-Matematikk og naturvitenskap

Developement and application of accelerator mass spectrometry for the environmental study of low level, long-lived radionuclides

Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) and Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) are rapidly growing techniques for the ultra-trace analytical determination of stable and long-lived isotopes. Both methods have a wide potential within environm ental science, including ecosystem tracer...

Awarded: NOK 2.4 mill.

Project Period: 2005-2011

Location: Viken

FRINAT-Matematikk og naturvitenskap

Antimicrobial peptides targeted against multiresistant Staphylococcus aureus with engineered proteolytic stability.

The rate of multidrug-resistant infections is rapidly rising. Cationic antibacterial peptides are both active against resistant pathogens and have low propensity for resistance development, but due to their unfavourable medicinal properties cationic antib acterial peptides have yet been a limited...

Awarded: NOK 3.3 mill.

Project Period: 2005-2010

Location: Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku - Tromssa ja Finmarkku

FRINAT-Matematikk og naturvitenskap

Development of hybride membrane materials (mixed matrix membranes) for separation of aggressive gases

As one of very few research group around the world, MEMFO (=Membranforskning) research group at Institute of Chemical Engineering, NTNU, has for about ten years worked on the development of stable membranes for the separation of aggressive gases such as Cl2 or HCl from gas mixtures. Both of thes...

Awarded: NOK 2.1 mill.

Project Period: 2005-2008

Location: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

FRINAT-Matematikk og naturvitenskap

Molecular simulation of droplet fusion intermediates

The main objective of this project is to improve the understanding of the molecular mechanisms that govern droplet coalescence and vesicle fusion. Droplet coalescence in oil-in-water and water-in-oil emulsions is crucial in many fields: A key challenge fo r the oil industry is to separate water d...

Awarded: NOK 1.8 mill.

Project Period: 2005-2009

Location: Ukjent Fylke

F-KJEM-Naturvitenskap, kjemi

Investigation of the dissolution kinetics of lanthanide complexes with the technique of diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT)

Understanding the physico-chemical fate and bioavailability of metals requires knowledge of the forms that the metals occur in (the speciation). Diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) is a technique for passive sampling of metals and it has in situ spec iation capabilities in that it collects o...

Awarded: NOK 52,500

Project Period: 2005-2005

Location: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

F-KJEM-Naturvitenskap, kjemi

Polynuclear spin crossover compounds of Fe(II), Fe(III) and Co(II) with aromatic N-donor ligands

The design of molecule-based storage systems and switches is an important area in modern materials chemistry. Transition metal complexes exhibiting spin crossover behaviour is one group of molecules which has potential in the development of molecular elec tronic switches and displays. Spin crosso...

Awarded: NOK 0.51 mill.

Project Period: 2005-2005

Location: Vestland

F-KJEM-Naturvitenskap, kjemi

Numerical simulation of dust lifting

This project focuses on numerical simulation of dense dust clouds by the Eulerian-Lagrangian method. Applications include a wide range of processes dependent on the behaviour of dense particle clouds or strands, e.g. gas cleaning with cyclones, pneumatic conveying, fluidized and rising beds, and ...

Awarded: NOK 2.2 mill.

Project Period: 2005-2008

Location: Vestland