This research will be a collaborative study comparing the effectiveness of alternative multilateral treaty mechanisms for governing transboundary marine fisheries. These "mechanisms" are institutional arrangements intended to provide a framework for susta inable cooperative management of commercially harvested transboundary fish stocks. The study will seek to identify management decisions that will be robust in the face of unanticipated environmental and economic market-related changes and uncertainties. I n particular, how are the parties to a cooperative agreement likely to respond to drastic and unexpected changes in fish stock abundance, geographical distribution and market conditions. Several case studies will be undertaken.
The case studies will focus on the institutions NEAFC (North-East Atlantic Fisheries Commission) and NAFO (North Atlantic Fisheries Organization). NEAFC consists of the countries Denmark (in respect of the Faroe Islands and Greenland), the EU, Iceland, Norway, Poland and the Russia n Federation. NAFO is a broader organization with 17 member countries around the Atlantic.
The study will primarily focus on the important stocks in the northern Atlantic such as cod and the North Sea species herring and mackerel. The reason why these spe cies are of particular interest is that they are shared between several nations (the cod between Norway and Russia and the North Sea species between Iceland, Norway and the EU). There are indications that the habitat of these species will change if the cl imate changes, possibly with the result that a larger part of the stock enters international waters such as the so-called Loophole and Loop-ocean where it is accessible to unregulated harvest. A possibility for cod is that more young fish enter the Russia n zone and this may have severe implications as the Russians are more prone to harvest young fish than the Norwegians are due to their fleet structure (more trawlers).