The project questions whether the current environmental management regime is able to adapt its priorities to a wider environmental perspective, and in so doing, increase its possibilities for exerting a positive influence on environmental policy. It is qu estioned whether environmental management?s rhetoric and practices contribute to a polarising of the environmental debate rather than the development of new understandings and perspectives which are prerequisites for a new environmental consciousness and policy. We will use the management of cultural landscape as a prism through which to understand the challenges facing environmental management. Paradoxes within this field are: the environmental management?s negative attitudes towards renewable energy sou rces such as windmill parks and overhead power lines; the battle against regrowth of the cultural landscape; and new animals and plants that establish themselves in the cultural landscape. We will approach the issues through a cross-disciplinary study int o how differing actors have positioned themselves in relation to interventions and measures in some given cultural landscapes, and investigate the multifaceted and divergent aspects which cause tension and influence policy and practice in the environmenta l and cultural heritage field. It can contribute to marking out the course for a better management regime related to current climate challenges. We ask; if environmental management primarily reflects one section in a polarised environmental debate; a sect ion interpreting all scientific findings as objective truths, and manages the physical environment on the basis of a conservative, essentialist and deep-ecological conceptual framework. Does a new approach and strategy in the environmental and climate fie ld require that established approaches must give way to a more dynamic understanding of the differing environmental elements? value and significance, and a more reflective and nuanced management of the environment.