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VAM-Velferd, arbeid og migrasjon

CILS-NOR: Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study in Norway (Module I)

Alternative title: CILS_NOR: Integrasjon og sosial mobilitet i det flerkulturelle samfunn. En longitudinell studie av barn av innvandrere i Norge

Awarded: NOK 5.4 mill.

CILS-NOR Module I aimed to establish a data set for studying economic, cultural and social integration processes among young people, which over time can be used for comparative studies and expanded to a longitudinal design following respondents into adulthood. The Norwegian CILS study is now part of an international project funded by NORDFORSK (IntegrateYouth, led by Carina Mood), which compares Norway, Sweden, England, Germany and the Netherlands. In addition, in 2020 we applied the NFR for CILS-NOR Module 2, where the respondents will be followed up five years later using register data and a follow-up survey. The results from the Module I are available in one peer-reviewed scientific book, and 8 scientific articles, of which 2 have been published, 2 are accepted for publication (both in level 2 journals), 3 are in review in various journals. In addition 3 more articles are in progress, and we have also published 2 reports and 2 popular science texts, as well as 2 op-eds, and given a large number of talks and media presentations. Below is a brief review of completed scientific publications: Friberg & Midtbøen (2017), «The Children of Immigrants: Theoretical and comparative perspectives». Norwegian Sociological Journal 1/2017: The article describes the discussions between the neo-assimilation paradigm and segmented assimilation in the USA, and their relevance for Norway. Friberg (2019). Conflict, community and change. Parenting and social control in immigrant families from Pakistan, Somalia and Sri Lanka. Oslo: Cappelen Damm Academic .: The book sheds light on the meeting between conflicting family and upbringing ideals, and why this has become a hot topic of debate in today's multicultural Norway. The analyzes show that family practices and social control are changing, driven by new experiences and new conflicts. Friberg (2019),?Does selective acculturation work? Cultural orientations, educational aspirations and school effort among children of immigrants in Norway?, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 45:15, 2844-2863: Children of immigrants have high aspirations, expectations and efforts in school, despite lower grades and fewer resources at home. This can be linked to so-called "selective acculturation", in the form of religiosity, collective family orientation and the use of parents' language. The findings suggest that children in disadvantaged minority groups may benefit from maintaining some aspects of their parents' cultural orientation. Friberg & Sterri: «Decline, revival, change? Religious adaptations among Muslim and non-Muslim immigrant origin youth in Norway? Accepted for publication in International Migration Review .: Young people with a background from outside Western Europe - and especially from Muslim countries - are more religious and more rule-oriented in their religious beliefs. The results suggest a process of secularization and individualization, although this development seems to be slower for Muslims than for non-Muslims. Religious adaptations are only partially linked to integration in other fields. Friberg: ?Who wants to be Norwegian? who gets to be Norwegian: Identificational assimilation and non-recognition among immigrant origin youth in Norway? Accepted for publication in Ethnic and Racial Studies: Young people with immigrant parents gradually adopt an identity as «Norwegian», but many experience that their «Norwegianness» is not recognized by others. While individual characteristics and integration promote self-identification as Norwegian, skin color and religion are the central barriers to feeling accepted as Norwegian. Many people thus get a growing feeling of not having their own identity accepted by the outside world. Sterri: ?Anti-Muslim Attitudes among Majority Youth in Norway. Does Ethno-Religious School Composition Matter?? Under review in the Nordic Journal of Migration Studies: Many majority young people have negative attitudes towards Muslims, but increased contact opportunities seem to have a positive effect on attitudes. Majority youth who go to schools with many Muslim students have more positive attitudes towards Muslims than those who go to schools with few Muslims. Erika Braanen Sterri: ?Attitudes towards Homosexuality among Immigrant-Origin Adolescents in Norway?. Under review in the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies: The article shows that young people with non-Western backgrounds - and especially Muslims - to a much lesser extent accept homosexuality. However, the analyzes show a clear tendency for increasing acceptance in all groups following increased exposure. Friberg & Djuve: ?Explaining ethnic and generational differences in youth violence and (dis) trust in the police: Self-reported evidence from Norway? Under review in Young. : Minority youth are more often involved in fights and have lower trust in the police. This is linked to socio-economic conditions, cultural values, weak family relations and exclusion Pro

CILS-NOR Modul 1 hadde tre målsettinger: 1) Etablere et datasett som kunne danne grunnlag for framtidige komparative og longitudinelle analyser. CILS-NOR er nå med i et internasjonalt komparativt prosjekt finansiert av NORDFORSK, som vil gå fra 2020-2023, hvor de norske dataene sammenliknes med liknende studier fra Sverige, England, Tyskland og Nederland. I 2020 søkte vi NFR om CILS-NOR Modul 2, der vi vil følge opp respondentene fem år etter. 2) Publisere vitenskapelige arbeider på høyt nivå. Så langt er få arbeider publisert, men flere bidrag er enten akseptert eller til fagfellevurdering i nivå 2 tidsskrifter 3) Bidra til offentlig debatt. Prosjektleder og deltakere har holdt mange ti-talls foredrag i alt fra Regjeringens integreringskonferanse til møter i innvandrerorganisasjoner. Prosjektet har generert flere hundre medie-oppslag, konsulentoppdrag for TV (Harald Eias "Sånn er Norge"), og lagt premisser for debatt om integrasjon i Norge

This is a proposal to carry out the initial module of The Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study (CILS) in Norway. This is an established methodology which has been or is currently being implemented in the US, Spain, UK, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium and Sweden. It consists of a large baseline school survey of adolescents (age 15-16), a complementary qualitative household study and one or more follow-up surveys of the adolescents with three years intervals. We hereby apply for funding to conduct the initial wave of studies (school survey and qualitative household study). Survey data will be linked with administrative registry data. Later we will apply for funding to conduct the follow-up surveys. The aim of the project is to study the intergenerational integration and social mobility of children of immigrants in Norway, within a comparative perspective, and to develop a better understanding of the complex causal interplay between the processes of structural, social, and cultural integration. Empirically, the project will describe patterns and processes of upward, stagnant and downward social mobility among different groups of children of immigrants, and identify the structural, social and cultural causal forces at play at the individual, family, community and institutional level. The multi-level and longitudinal design will allow for complex causal analysis. Theoretically, the project will be placed within the renewed international debate on assimilation and segmented assimilation. Representatives from all those countries where CILS-studies is or have been carried out, plus the University of Oslo, will partake in an international research network to promote comparative perspectives.

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VAM-Velferd, arbeid og migrasjon