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ISPNATTEK-ISP - naturvit. og teknologi

Seminar for å lage en handlingsplan for å utvikle et nasjonalt team (SAK) for forskning, utvikling og utdanning innen hydrometeorologi

Alternative title: Action plan for the development of a national team for R&D and education in hydrometeorology

Awarded: NOK 0.18 mill.

Operational hydrometeorology at its core is focused on the mitigation of damage to life and property due to drought, extreme precipitation, flooding and avalanche danger in both the present and a warmer climate. It also provides a scientific basis for water resource management, of upmost importance for natural energy production minimizing a need for fossil fuel production. The overarching goal of HydMet was to involve the national and international research and operational communities to determine the best path forwards for Norway. A meeting held 9-10 December 2015 in Lillehammer with over 45 researchers from Norway and invited experts from Sweden, France and England was held to investigate these important issues. A systematic examination of the Lillehammer summary with Norwegian experts took place in December 2016. The reports and recommendations for both meetings are provided for perusal, and a summary is provided here. The general public needs impact-based forecasts, both for the short term and for a future climate. To achieve this goal, it is integral to properly sample the present environment. This necessitates so-called hydrometeorologicical testbeds where all aspects of water and energy balance are measured and model hypotheses can be tested. Future models should be coupled so they can describe key interactions between the land surface and the atmosphere. Moreover, various types of data should be assimilated into models in order to to improve predictions, both as forecasts and to improve spatial coverage. This allows us to not only evaluate our current understanding but also evaluate and prognosticate the repercussions of climate change. A financial investment in research infrastructure and model development is needed in order to achieve these aims. In addition, and perhaps more importantly, it is necessary to impart knowledge upon young scientists so they can continue the mission to save life and property. HydMET has made and has achieved interdisciplinary research as a primary objective.

I oppfølgingsplanen til Geofagevalueringen (NFR, 2014) heter det: "EC states that there is an important need to develop a common research language in hydrology, which can only be reached by a day-to-day joint research and development by MET Norway and NVE with support by UiO, UiB and NMBU to develop hydrometeorological forecasting aimed at relieving flood risk and supporting optimized energy and water resources management under climate change (Measures M2, M13)". Dette behovet danner utgangspunkt for HYDMET: et seminar og en workshop for å initiere samarbeid, arbeidsdeling og konsentrasjon (SAK) i Norge med fokus på å utvikle forskning og utdanning innen hydrometeorologi. Fokus i HYDMET er å arrangere et seminar (Lillehammer, november 2015)og en oppfølgende workshop (Oslo, mars 2016) med mål å utvikle et nasjonalt forskningsteam for å videreutvikle den hydrometeorologiske varslingen i Norge. Bedre modeller vil redusere flomrisiko, optimalisere energi- og vannressursforvaltningen samt gi bedre klimatilpasning. På seminaret vil en trekke inn erfaringer fra andre land både med tanke på å identifisere viktige forskningsbehov, men også få verdifulle innspill til hvordan samarbeid, arbeidsdeling og konsentrasjon (SAK) innen fagfeltet hydrometeorologisk modellering for varsling og framskrivninger fungerer andre steder. Både forskere i hydrologi og meteorologi, samt modellbrukere (f.eks.flomvarslere, værvarslere, klimaeffektforskere) som ikke arbeider med selve modellutviklingen, vil delta på seminaret. Med utgangspunkt i dagens modellkjeder, vil vi på seminaret identifisere prosesser og viktige koblinger mellom prosesser som det bør fokuseres på i modellutviklingen. På denne måten oppnår vi både å legge grunnlaget for å utvikle et felles språk mellom forskere i ulike disipliner og å bygge bro mellom forskning (modellutviklere) og operasjonell bruk (modellbrukere). Vi vil på denne måten også fange opp temaer som bør legges inn i utdanningsløpet i hydrometeorologi.

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ISPNATTEK-ISP - naturvit. og teknologi

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