European Plate Observing System (EPOS) is a long-term plan for the integration of research infrastructures for solid Earth Science in Europe. EPOS integrates the existing (and future) advanced European facilities into a single, distributed,sustainable infrastructure
taking full advantage of new e-science opportunities.
EPOS-Norway project is the Norwegian national node of the EPOS-ERIC in Europe and intends to address the three basic challenges in Earth Sciences:
- Unravelling the Earth's deformational processes in order to understand the Earth system evolution in time.
- Understanding the geohazards, as well as risks and their implications to society.
- Contributing to the safe, environmental friendly and sustainable exploration, exploitation and use of georesources.
The main vision of the European Plate Observing System (EPOS) is to address the three basic challenges in Earth Sciences:
- Unravelling the Earth's deformational processes which are part of the Earth system evolution in time
- Understanding the geohazards and their implications to society
- Contributing to the safe and sustainable use of georesources
Earth System Evolution provides the context of how the Earth's sub-surface, surface, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere have developed and interacted over time. It is the backbone to understanding fundamental processes of the entire Geo-system and is essential for providing realistic input parameters for modeling and (eventually) forecasting all elements of that system. Reconstruction of past processes provides a solid base for its further evolution and associated hazard and risk assessment as well as for sustainable use of geo-resources.
EPOS-Norway consisting of six institutions as partners in this proposal, represents a broad scientific expertise in solid Earth sciences and a long history of (more than 100 years) observational networks for monitoring earthquakes and crustal deformations. In order to achieve a better monitoring capacity as well as integrating the multidisciplinary data, the current proposal has the following three main components:
(1) Component-1: Develop a Norwegian EPOS e-infrastructure to integrate the online data from the seismological and geodetic networks, as well as the data from the geological and geophysical data repositories, which is in line with European EPOS.
(2) Component-2: Develop a detailed monitoring capacity in the Arctic, including northern Norway and the Arctic islands.
(3) Component-3: Establish a Solid Earth Science Forum for providing a constant feedback mechanism for improved integration of multidisciplinary data, as well as training of young scientists for future utilization of all available solid Earth observational data through a single e-infrastructure.