CO2 capture, transport, and storage (CCS) is a process where waste carbon dioxide is captured from large industrial plants, transported in pipelines or ships, and deposited in underground geological formations. EU energy and climate targets cannot be met cost-effectively without CCS while making sure we have enough energy to go around.
NCCS aims to fast-track CCS by working closely with the industry on research topics designed to address major barriers in making CCS happen in Norway, Europe, and the world. Researchers focus on tasks related to the CCS technologies for the Norwegian full-scale case and find clever ways to integrate capture with transport with storage. There is a huge potential in the North Sea to store CO2 from all over Europe, and NCCS tasks will unlock this potential through dedicated research tasks that have been pointed by the industry as addressing key barriers.
In 2020, the Norwegian Full-scale project reached a momentous decision. Norway's plan to build the world first industrial CCS project with an open access infrastructure, with the long-term ambition to reach climate goals in Norway and the EU in a cost-effective manner is now called Longship.
The current research in NCCS is targeted so that the next phases of CCS in Norway and Europe are achieved in a cost-efficient and safe way - and that we spread our knowledge, broadly communicate the results, and reach out to other industries in need of CCS. Many of the scientific results have been and will be implemented in the planning, development, and deployment of Longship and other demonstration projects.
Through tight dialogue, R&D can and will enable more cost-efficient solutions for scaling up CCS in Norway and Europe. This dual approach of deploying projects and conducting R&D in parallel is an efficient way for reducing costs and scaling up CCS. In 2021, NCCS has successfully complete its midway evaluation, ensuring that the next phase of the centre will continue through 2024. This reflects the achievements of the centre and its collaboration efforts.
One of the most important tasks in NCCS is to train master's and doctoral students in CCS research so they are willing and able to transfer this knowledge in future work, whether they work in industry or as researchers. So far there are 28 Ph.D. students, 10 Post-doctoral fellows, and more than 45 Master's students, funded by NCCS and its related spin-in projects (Premium Projects).
Fast-tracking CCS is a joint effort. NCCS is a collaborative project between over 40 partners in industry, research institutes, universities, and other organizations, in 10 countries and on three continents. NCCS is led by SINTEF Energy Research in Trondheim.
NCCS is a dynamic centre addressing challenges of high relevance to industry. An important tool for this is the NCCS Technical Advisory Committee, who are NCCS industry partners that advise on strategic choices of direction and prioritization of topics in NCCS. NCCS has 12 Task families that include specialists from industry and research actors with a particular interest in the topics addressed.
In 2021, Fortum Oslo Varme has joined NCCS. In 2019 we have added Vår Energi and Lundin. In 2020, Baker Hughes, Wintershall DEA, Stratum, and Allton have joined the NCCS Consortium, illustrating the centre's efforts have attracted interest from new industry partners.
NCCS has added 8 spin-in competence building projects to NCCS. A new spin-in KSP project added in 2021, CCShip, that will investigate the potential for CO2 capture on board ships. In addition, NCCS and LowEmission Centre have joined forces to develop an industry-led Green Platform project on offshore CCS, called LINCCS. LINCCS is led by Aker Solutions. An associated KSP project on climate positive solutions leveraging assets on the Norwegian Continental Shelf, NCS C+, supports the LINCCS project.
In 2021, the NCCS Consortium Days were held in Trondheim with over 80 participants. In addition, NCCS held its second annual open webinar series from October-December 2021, with more than 1000 external participants.
Results: NCCS is on track to publish more than 60+ journal articles and book chapters in 2021/2022, building on the 62 already published, and has communicated results of the Centre in more than 800 presentations. Our website, www.nccs.no includes detailed information about the tasks, links to publications, Annual Reports, blogs, social media, and more. From the end of 2021, NCCS will re-open the mobility program based on its success in 2018-2019.
In 2020, innovations from NCCS were mapped on a TRL scale and described. In 2021, a total of 30 innovations were described in detail and preliminary development roadmaps have been sketched. In 2022, a third-party company specializing in entrepreneurship will assist NCCS in bringing promising innovations closer to realization.
With its strong international and multi-disciplinary consortium, the objective of NCCS is to enable industry-driven, science-based fast-track deployment of CCS, while aiming at becoming a world-leading CCS research centre. Full-scale CCS requires scientific exploration of R&D challenges from multiple perspectives encountered along the CCS chain in a consistent, yet focused manner. NCCS is therefore Deployment-Case (DC) oriented: The two selected DCs will consider CO2 capture, transport, storage, chain analysis and the interfaces between these in a holistic manner, while giving room for detailed research. Both DC1 and DC2 will be coordinated according to dynamic Roadmaps with well-defined Gate Reviews and Gate Decisions, where industry involvement will be of key importance.
DC1 will align with and provide scientific support to the Norwegian full-scale CCS project, encompassing environmental issues related to solvent capture and ship transport from liquefaction to CO2 injection. DC2 will align with European CCS projects and act to facilitate large-scale storage of Europe's CO2 in the Norwegian North Sea Basin, while considering cross boundary pipeline transport infrastructure and CO2 capture technologies relevant for Europe (gas, coal, hydrogen production, industry). Safe and cost-effective CO2 storage is in focus for both DCs. DC2 will also address the technical challenges for offshore EOR and a possible EOR business case.
NCCS encompasses all actors in the innovation chain - from universities, research institutes and technology providers to end-users of the technology. The DC concept of NCCS is designed to promote innovation: Results and experience will be used to direct research and innovation towards the barriers that hamper large-scale deployment of CCS. Innovations and products from NCCS (such as CO2 pipeline design tools, CO2 flow meters and storage monitoring technologies) will secure value creation for consortium vendors and end-users and beyond.