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FMETEKN-FME - teknologi

The Research Centre on Zero Emission Neighbourhoods in Smart Cities - ZEN Centre

Alternative title: Forskningssenter for nullutslippsområder i smarte byer

Awarded: NOK 176.0 mill.

The Research Centre on Zero Emission Neighbourhoods in Smart Cities (FME ZEN) is a research centre on environment-friendly energy established by the Research Council of Norway. NTNU is the host and cooperates with SINTEF and user partners on carrying out the research, development and innovation activities. The Centre has 9 pilot projects situated from Bærum in the south to Bodø in the north. FME ZEN has developed an analytical definition of a zero emission area, which is a collection of buildings with associated infrastructure, located within a defined geographical area, which aims to reduce its direct and indirect emissions of greenhouse gas emissions towards net zero. As part of the ZEN definition, a number of key performance indicators (KPIs) have been developed and tested. In 2023, definition report ver. 4.0 (ZEN report 45) was published, which is the penultimate version in the centre's lifetime. For the first time, all KPIs have been tested in one and the same pilot project, and the results are summarized in ZEN report 51. The results show how important it is to take the time horizon into account in a ZEN project, and suggest the order in which the key indicators can be used. This work will contribute to the further development and anchoring of a Norwegian definition of a zero emission area. In 2023, we have examined the energy saving potential in the building stock up to 2030 and 2050, and what it will cost to trigger this. By exploiting the potential in the building mass, energy and electricity are released which can reduce the need for grid development and be an almost conflict-free solution compared to many of the alternatives. The potential for savings is as much as 13 TWh delivered energy from 2020 to 2030 and 40 TWh by 2050. However, measures are needed to trigger the potential. The most important measures are grants, clear targets, green loans, coordination of various regulations and a focus on a gradually stricter building code (TEK). The work has been a collaboration with Skanska and the Building Contractors Association and is summarized in ZEN report 50. In collaboration with Multiconsult and Grønn VVS, we have investigated the greenhouse gas load for HVAC installations and made calculations based on Ydalir school and kindergarten. The work is summarized in ZEN report 52. The report shows that HVAC accounts for a significant proportion of the pilot buildings' total emissions. The calculations at Ydalir show that overall for the buildings, including energy, the technical installation accounts for approximately 16% of the emissions. Looking only at materials, the technical facilities make up to around 27%. Greater energy flexibility can enable a zero-emissions energy system based on renewable energy. In FME ZEN, we develop knowledge, solutions, technologies and tools for the design and operation of energy-flexible buildings and areas. Several models and tools are being developed to enable studies of the energy loads of buildings and neighborhoods and how we can modify them. The PROFet tool provides estimates of the typical energy demand of buildings, with resolution per hour (load profile), using a statistical model built on measurement data. The FLEXor tool provides estimates for flexible load profiles that deviate from typical load profiles. Sources of flexibility (space heating, hot water tanks, electric car charging) are activated to reach a goal. For example, minimizing energy use or minimizing energy costs, as a response to price signals from the grid, such as the spot price for electricity the following day. PROFet (v3) and FLEXor are to be completed over the next few months as the center enters the closing phase. Integrate is a tool used in the evaluation of alternative energy system configurations for restricted areas. The tool is under continuous development, including through an interface to the PROFet tool for generating load profiles for the building mass inside the area. Among other things, Integrate is used to model and optimize the energy system at Nyhavna in Trondheim. The tool will be further developed by improving input data, and looking at the effect of consumer flexibility and different business models in the results. In 2023, we have used one of the pilot projects as a case to summarize findings and learning for future use. In collaboration with Statsbygg, we have looked at Campus Evenstad and reviewed what has been done and how this can be communicated. This can serve as a template or example for a corresponding summary of the other pilot areas in ZEN. To involve the users in the development of pilot areas, we have used the "Living Labs" method for selected areas in ZEN, most recently for Furuset in Oslo. The method can be used in an urban development context and experiences with various ZEN living labs will be summarized in order to learn from the experiences that have been made.

The Research Centre on Zero Emission Neighbourhoods in Smart Cities will enable the transition to a low carbon society by developing sustainable neighbourhoods with zero greenhouse gas emissions. The ZEN Centre will speed up decarbonisation of the building stock (existing and new), use more renewable energy sources and create positive synergies among the building stock, energy, ICT and mobility systems, and citizens. The Project is divided in six work packages to address the overall objective: WP1 Analytical framework for design and planning of ZEN, WP2 Policy measures, innovation and business models, WP3 Responsive and energy efficient buildings, WP4 Energy flexible neighbourhoods, WP5 Local energy system optimization within a larger system, and WP6 Pilot Projects and Living Labs. The project partners cover the entire value chain and include representatives from municipal and regional governments, property owners, developers and housing associations, consultants and architects, ICT companies, contractors, energy companies, manufacturers of materials and products and governmental organisations. The Norwegian University of Science and Technology will be the host and cooperate with the SINTEF Group and centre user partners on carrying out the research, development and innovation activities needed to develop the technologies and services necessary for zero emission neighbourhoods. The pilot projects and living labs will be main arenas for co-creation and bringing together researchers from the different work packages with building professionals, governmental agencies, energy companies, and users. The expected Centre innovations span from automatic GHG monitoring for neighbourhoods to local energy systems optimized for renewable energy availability. 20 PhD and 5 post docs will be educated from the centre. 3 international experts will be appointed as adjunct professors in the fields of smart grid, energy system modelling and manufacturing.

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FMETEKN-FME - teknologi

Thematic Areas and Topics

Digitalisering og bruk av IKTAndreBransjer og næringerEnergiMiljøteknologiPortefølje Banebrytende forskningEnergiEnergibruk i bygg og områderPortefølje InnovasjonMiljøteknologiAnnen miljøteknologiKutt i utslipp av klimagasserPolitikk- og forvaltningsområderNæring og handelIKTIKT - Bruk og anvendelser i andre fagLTP3 Miljøvennlig energi og lavutslippsløsningerLTP3 Rettede internasjonaliseringstiltakPortefølje ForskningssystemetInternasjonaliseringMobilitetDigitalisering og bruk av IKTBransjer og næringerBygg, anlegg og eiendomPortefølje Muliggjørende teknologierLTP3 Bærekraftige byregioner og transportsystemerByKlimaRammebetingelser og virkemidler for utslippsreduksjon og karbonopptakFornyelse og innovasjon i offentlig sektorPolitikk- og forvaltningsområderDigitalisering og bruk av IKTPrivat sektorLTP3 Klima, polar og miljøBransjer og næringerEnergi - NæringsområdeNaturmangfold og miljøMiljøteknologiIKTLTP3 Nano-, bioteknologi og teknologikonvergensInternasjonaliseringBruk/drift av forskningsinfrastrukturLTP3 Innovasjon i stat og kommunePortefølje Klima og miljøNaturmangfold og miljøKlimaPolitikk- og forvaltningsområderKommunal-, distrikt- og regionalforvaltningLTP3 Styrket konkurransekraft og innovasjonsevneKlimaInternasjonaliseringInternasjonalt prosjektsamarbeidNaturmangfold og miljøSirkulær økonomiNanoteknologi/avanserte materialerAvanserte materialerPolitikk- og forvaltningsområderMiljø, klima og naturforvaltningLTP3 Høy kvalitet og tilgjengelighetPolitikk- og forvaltningsområderEnergi - Politikk og forvaltningLTP3 Muliggjørende og industrielle teknologierAnvendt forskningNaturmangfold og miljøBærekraftig energiLavutslippDigitalisering og bruk av IKTOffentlig sektorKjønnsperspektiver i forskningFornyelse og innovasjon i offentlig sektorInnovasjonsprosjekter og prosjekter med forpliktende brukermedvirkningLTP3 Et kunnskapsintensivt næringsliv i hele landetKjønnsperspektiver i forskningKjønn som variabelNaturmangfold og miljøNanoteknologi/avanserte materialerPortefølje Energi og transportSirkulær økonomiGrunnforskningKlimarelevant forskningLTP3 Klima, miljø og energiLTP3 IKT og digital transformasjonLTP3 Fagmiljøer og talenterGlobale utfordringerMiljøvennlig energiEnergibruk i bygg og områder