In 2020 the project consortium worked on finalising the deliverable reports related to the dynamic barrier management generic methodology as well as for progressive flooding and engine room fire hazards. During the process, the team encountered challenges with respect to the collection of data, which resulted the completed deliverable reports only to include the steps, without demonstrating the true potential of dynamic barrier management. Regrettably, the lack of data and the project?s closure prevented the team from delivering on the ?Standardisation and Certification? work. However, through simulated data, the team provided an example how the effect of real-time data (if available) could provide the operator of water-tight doors with information about their performance in order det an overview of the required action to avoid a near-miss and comply with regulations. This was disseminated in an academic article (currently under review), together with the generic dynamic barrier management framework for maritime operations.
During the last weeks of 2020, the consortium worked towards revising the journal article based on the received reviewers' feedback and preparing the project for closing (administrative reporting).
Despite the encountered challenges, the Consortium showed meticulous engagement and managed to fulfil as close as possible the Project Objectives by setting the fundamental background for Dynamic Barrier Management (DBM). The produced reported knowledge expands from 4 WPs, with the exemption of WP H6 Standardisation and Certification. In total, 6 deliverable reports were completed.
Furthermore, 3 PhD students were supported by the project:
Prediction & Decision support methodology for flooding emergencies using sensor aggregated data? (In Progress)
A structured, systemic methodology to improve maritime fire safety in machinery spaces (Completed)
Fire Safety Risk Model for MVZ of a Cruise Ship (In Progress)
Lastly, a joint publication is under review at the Ships and Offshore Structures Journal.
On average, about 750 people die in ship-related accidents per year in international shipping worldwide. If occupational accidents were included, the crew fatality rate is 10 times higher than best-practice rates for industries in OECD countries. Major accidents, especially those in the ferry and cruise segments that involve many passengers and events resulting in significant environmental damage, remain a concern. In addition to the human cost of fatalities at sea and the long-term impact of environmental damage, accidents attract extensive and negative media coverage, which can represent an existential threat to a shipping company and cause a major dent to the whole industry following a disaster. The grounding of the cruise ship Costa Concordia outside Italy and the capsizing of the ferry Sewol in South Korea are recent tragic examples of incidents stressing the importance of improving the safety of shipping.
The overall trend is that the complexity of ship operations is increasing for many segments, and in such setting, the idea of a more comprehensive approach to safety is earning relevance. Thus, avoiding accidents and ensuring the safety of on-board personnel represents one of the most complex challenges faced by the maritime industry. Unlike mechanical or technical systems, safety systems must account for the seemingly infinite variables of human behavior.
The project aims at using onboard sensor data to establish a dynamic barrier assessment for flooding and fire. These measures will be combined with appropriate risk models aggregating individual hazard risks to an overall real-time risk measure for the vessel. Rather than focusing on individual components, the industry would benefit by embracing a more comprehensive approach to safety, one that establishes effective barriers which prevent or mitigate and control the impact of accidents.