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FFL-JA-Forskningsmidlene for jordbruk og matindustri

NORWEGIAN FRUIT GENETIC RESOURCES; HEALTHY, TASTE & NO WASTE

Alternative title: Vurdering av gamle norske frukt- og bærsortar for helsefremjande eigenskapar og som kan nyttast i kommersiell produksjon

Awarded: NOK 7.1 mill.

The overall goal of this research project is to evaluate fruit genetic resources of traditional apple, plum and raspberry cultivars in Norway, in order to promote sustainable and innovative use of these resources by plant breeding programs, Norwegian fruit industry, Norwegian food processing industry, and finally by consumers. From different ex-situ sites located at different regions in total 250 cultivars (around 150 apple, 50 plum and 40 raspberry cultivars) will be tested for agronomic traits and chemical characteristics of the fruits. In 2018 the first 100 apple cultivars were evaluated. The worked continued in 2019 and totally 140 apple cultivars, 60 plum cultivars and 20 raspberry cultivars were pomological characterized and fruits chemically analyzed . Due to unfavourable weather during flowering in May 2020, fruits sets were absent or low for most cultivars. However, in total, 20 plum cultivars, 16 apple cultivars and 16 raspberry cultivars were sampled, characterized and chemically analyzed. The last year of sampling and evaluating will continue in 2021. Compiling data and publishing have started. The composition of individual sugars, acids, pectins, the polyphenolic profile is determined in fruits, while content of fatty acids, carotenoids and tocoferols is analyzed in kernels/seeds. This will raise consumer awareness of the need for consumption of food rich in beneficial health compounds and will help with the selection of raw material for the food processing industries for making fresh juices, ciders, jams and jellies. Oil obtained from kernels/seeds will give an opportunity to the Norwegian industry to develop new products aimed for different purposes (food, cosmetic, fuel). The characteristics associated with all these agronomic and chemical traits of the studied cultivars will be captured in a database, www.fruktsorter.no, and in international publications which will serve as a source of valuable information for future breeding programs, the fruit industry, processing industry and public awareness. New knowledge gained from this study will be disseminated to all interested parties, both nationally and internationally. Scientific dissemination of the research results is regular published in peer-reviewed international journals and presented.

The overall goal of this research project is to evaluate fruit genetic resources of traditional apple, plum and raspberry cultivars in Norway, in order to promote sustainable and innovative use of these resources by plant breeding programs, Norwegian fruit industry, Norwegian food processing industry, and finally by consumers. From different ex-situ sites located at different regions about 250 cultivars (around 150 apple, 50 plum and 50 raspberry cultivars) will be tested for agronomic traits and chemical characteristics of the fruits. The composition of individual sugars, acids, pectins, the polyphenolic profile will be determined in fruits, while content of fatty acids, carotenoids and tocoferols will be analyzed in kernels/seeds. This with raise consumer awareness of the need for consumption of food rich in beneficial health compounds and will help with the selection of raw material for the food processing industries for making fresh juices, ciders, jams and jellies. Oil obtained from kernels/seeds will give an opportunity to the Norwegian industry to develop new products aimed for different purposes (food, cosmetic, fuel). The characteristics associated with all these agronomic and chemical traits of the studied cultivars will be captured in a database, www.fruktsorter.no, which will serve as a source of valuable information for future breeding programs, the fruit industry, processing industry and public awareness. New knowledge gained from this study will be disseminated to all interested parties, both nationally and internationally. Scientific dissemination of the research will be done by publishing research results in peer-reviewed international journals and presenting them at relevant national and international scientific meetings.

Publications from Cristin

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Funding scheme:

FFL-JA-Forskningsmidlene for jordbruk og matindustri