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FORINFRA-Nasj.sats. forskn.infrastrukt

The Norwegian node for the European Multidisciplinary Seafloor and water column Observatory

Alternative title: Den norske noden av en europeisk tverrfaglig infrastruktur for havbunn- og vannmasseobservasjon

Awarded: NOK 60.0 mill.

NorEMSO is a coordinated, large-scale deep-ocean observation facility to establish a Norwegian node for the European Multidisciplinary Seafloor and water column Observatory (EMSO, http://www.emso-eu.org/). EMSO is a European research infrastructure consortium (ERIC) and aims to explore the under-sampled oceans, to gain a better understanding of their critical role in the broader Earth systems, and has observatories in key areas across the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea. The Nordic Seas, a tremendous player in our climate system and global ocean circulation, appear as a large gap in the EMSO. NorEMSO fills this gap by creating a comprehensive observatory network of the Nordic Seas. NorEMSO will achieve this by expansion of existing and establishment of new infrastructure, as well as its coordination and integration into EMSO. NorEMSO will advance the Norwegian marine observational capability. The network of NorEMSO in the Nordic Seas has three main components: moored observatories, underwater gliders, and an integrated seafloor and water column observatory near a hydrothermal vent site on the Mohn Ridge. NorEMSO's overarching scientific objective is to better understand the drivers for the temporal and spatial changes of water mass transformations, ocean circulation, acidification and thermo-chemical exchanges at the seafloor in the Nordic Seas. NorEMSO will produce and make available high quality, near real-time data, which will contribute to improvement of models and forecasting.

NorEMSO is a coordinated, large-scale deep-ocean observation facility to establish a Norwegian node for the European Multidisciplinary Seafloor and water column Observatory (EMSO, http://www.emso-eu.org/). EMSO is a European research infrastructure consortium (ERIC) and aims to explore the under-sampled oceans, to gain a better understanding of their critical role in the broader Earth systems, and has observatories in key areas across the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea. The Nordic Seas, a tremendous player in our climate system and global ocean circulation, appear as a large and significant gap in the EMSO. NorEMSO will fill this gap by creating a comprehensive observatory network of the Nordic Seas, and making it a part of EMSO. NorEMSO will achieve this by expansion of existing and establishment of new infrastructure, as well as its coordination and integration into EMSO. NorEMSO is structured under an overarching scientific objective to better understand the drivers for the temporal and spatial changes of water mass transformations, ocean circulation, acidification and thermo-chemical exchanges at the seafloor in the Nordic Seas, and to contribute to improvement of models and forecasting by producing and making available high quality, near real-time (NRT) data. NorEMSO combines expansion of existing infrastructure, establishment of new infrastructure, and their coordination. The network of NorEMSO in the Nordic Seas will comprise of three main components: moored observatories, underwater gliders, and an integrated seafloor and water column observatory near a hydrothermal vent site on the Mohn Ridge. All NorEMSO data will be made available according to the FAIR principle as NRT and quality-controlled delayed products of essential ocean and carbon variables.

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FORINFRA-Nasj.sats. forskn.infrastrukt