CO2 storage in sedimentary rocks is considered to be a large scale solution for mitigating global warming by reducing the emission of anthropogenic CO2 (IPPC 2005). With rising world energy demand and increased concern on global warming and climate change, reduced greenhouse gas emissions through safe CO2 storage in mature oil fields combined with incremental oil recovery for energy consumption represent a promising new technology opportunity. Successful tertiary CO2 EOR oil production provides synergy between the need for increased energy production and the reduction in emission of anthropogenic CO2 by storage in sedimentary rocks.
In Norway, the CO2 storage capacity in the North Sea formations will likely be sufficient for EU point sources for the fossil era. A plausible future scenario is that this potential will be utilized with CO2 EOR and aquifer deposition and plans for establishing large scale CO2 infrastructure in the North Sea is presently being evaluated. Similar challenges are found elsewhere in Europe and in the USA, where according to a 2010 US White Paper on CO2 EOR [4, 5], US import of foreign oil may be reduced by 30% if a "next generation CO2 EOR technology" based on mobility control can be achieved within Carbon Capture Utilization and Storage (CCUS).
The 4th Biennial CO2 for EOR as CCUS Conference to be held at Rice University in Houston September 25-27th, will address the above mentioned topics by establishing a discussion forum between academia and the petroleum industry; involving industry researchers, faculties and PhD students. An interdisciplinary approach will be required to solve this urgent climate threat, while still providing energy for the future.
CLIMIT-Forskning, utvikling og demo av CO2-håndtering