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MARINFORSK-Marine ressurser og miljø

Managing Ethical Norwegian Seascape Activities

Alternative title: Etisk forvaltning av norsk seascape virksomhet

Awarded: NOK 10.0 mill.

Project Number:

303663

Application Type:

Project Period:

2020 - 2024

Location:

Management of marine resources globally strives to achieve sustainable development by balancing resource extraction, biodiversity conservation, and societal acceptability. However, these three philosophical paradigms tend to stand as monolithic pillars in their approaches to sustainability, namely: rationalization, conservation, and community. Consequently, such un-integrated approaches tend to lead to management objectives and policy goals in conflict. These conflicts are often rooted in competing economic, ecological, and social values. MENSA aims to develop an integrated ethical approach to the sustainable management of Norwegian seascape activities. Seascapes are used as a linking concept representing the intersection of land and sea, nature and culture, and science and art. MENSA harnesses this multiplicity of seascape imageries and meanings, evoking both emotion and reason, to engage the values of diverse Norwegian marine stakeholders, including: government representatives, scientific experts, industry members, non-governmental organizations, and most importantly, citizens. MENSA’s objectives are threefold: 1. To contribute to a theoretical understanding of marine resource values and valuation in the context of seascapes. 2. To evoke societal values of seascapes in Norway using novel methodology with imagery. 3. To evaluate value trade-offs and negotiate resource conflicts by integrating preferences of diverse Norwegian stakeholders and citizens with modelling of value-based scenarios. The knowledge gained in MENSA can contribute to ethical governance at the science-society-policy nexus to resolve disputes related to competing uses or protection of marine resources. MENSA can serve as a proof-of-concept model at the national level for how to reconcile value trade-offs to achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), with focus on SDG 14 (Life Below Water), 15 (Life on Land), and 16 (Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions).

Management of marine resources, globally and in Norway, strives to achieve sustainable development by balancing resource extraction, biodiversity conservation, and societal acceptability. However, these philosophical paradigms tend to approach sustainability monolithically through rationalization, conservation, and community, respectively, leading to conflicted management objectives and policy goals rooted in competing economic, ecological, and social values. MENSA’s overarching aim is to develop an integrated ethical approach to the sustainable management of Norwegian seascape activities intersecting land and sea by making explicit the values and valuation of the sea and negotiating the ensuing trade-offs with the input of diverse marine stakeholders and citizens. MENSA’s objectives are threefold: 1. To contribute to a theoretical understanding of marine resource values and valuation in seascapes, informed by niche construction theory and sense of place empirical research. 2. To elicit societal values of the seas and coasts and activities associated with marine resources in Norway using the seascape concept and imagery in a novel methodology. 3. To evaluate value trade-offs and negotiate resource conflicts with Norwegian stakeholders by integrating ecological and oceanographic modelling of scenarios with elicited value priorities in an ethical framework for management strategy evaluation. The knowledge gained in MENSA can contribute to ethical governance that can resolve disputes related to competing uses or protection of coastal and marine resources. This can serve as a proof-of-concept model at the national level for how to reconcile value trade-offs toward sustainable development. Such trade-offs must be reconciled to achieve the 17 United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): MENSA focuses on SDG 14 (Life Below Water), SDG 15 (Life on Land), and SDG 16 (Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions).

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Activity:

MARINFORSK-Marine ressurser og miljø