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SFI-Sentre for forskn.drevet innov

Centre for Geophysical Forecasting (CGF)

Alternative title: Senter for geofysisk monitorering og prognosering (CGF)

Awarded: NOK 90.0 mill.

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2020 - 2028

The centre for geophysical forecasting has a vision of turning geophysical data into knowledge and understanding. Our three main applications of geophysical monitoring are connected to geohazards such as landslides and earthquakes, CO2 sequestration and natural resources. In 2021 we have established a field laboratory for clay studies in Rissa (close to Trondheim). The objective for this lab is to investigate to what extent fibre optical cables can be used to monitor acoustic properties of clay. The plan is to do measurements on a yearly basis and also to follow the construction of the new road that is being built in the area. In the autumn of 2021 we conducted DAS (Distributed Acoustic Sensing) along the railway between Trondheim and Støren (50 km). We acquired continuous measurement during one week, and identified trains, cars crossing the railway, persons walking close by etc. Another major field test was performed at Svalbard, where we gathered DAS data for a period of 40 days on the fibre optical cable that connects Longyearbyen and Ny Ålesund. We have analysed more that 800 whale vocalisations from this data set. We further identified several earthquakes and many distant storms (several thousand kilometer away) from the low frequency part of these data.

The earth is a dynamic planet. There is a fundamental need to understand the processes influencing the earth’s crust, which ultimately supports and impacts all life. The arrival of rapid (in geological timescales) climate change with its associated ecosystem disruption has created additional challenges. Geophysics is key on both counts. Our vision is to create the world-leading research and innovation Centre for Geophysical Forecasting, by applying game-changing innovative technologies and bridging multiple disciplines and domains, across physics, geology, computer science, mathematics, academia and industry. To do this, a fundamental reorientation is needed in the way we view geophysical sampling and exploitation, shifting from traditional campaign-based approaches to continuous monitoring and forecasting in 4 dimensions. This requires both novel interdisciplinary synergy and the application of emerging technologies such as Distributed Acoustic Sensing through Fibre Optics cables, to the training of Artificial Intelligence (AI) on Big Data. Norway is already at the forefront of exploration geophysics; we intend to leverage that expertise to catalyse a new wave of commercially-valuable geophysical capabilities, applying disruptive technologies that will be game changers in the transition from hydrocarbon geophysics to the new blue economy, founded on sustainable geophysical applications. We have assembled an international cast of partners, both academic and industrial, with substantial backing already in place from key stakeholders. We have identified three core innovation research areas: CO2-storage management, Hydrocarbon production monitoring and Geohazard monitoring and forecasting, which, together, amount to an estimated new revenue potential of 12 Bn NOK of annual business. We will create both new geophysical products and services in the core businesses of our industrial partners, as well as innovative spin-off companies with new geophysical services.

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SFI-Sentre for forskn.drevet innov