The Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study in Norway (CILSNOR) is a quantitative longitudinal study of long-term economic and cultural integration among immigrant and non-immigrant origin youth. In the now completed CILSNOR Module 1, a survey was conducted in 2016 among first-graders in upper secondary school in Oslo, Akershus and selected schools in Drammen, mapping attitudes and social conditions, which was then linked to register data on the family's socio-economic situation. In Module 2, we will conduct a follow-up survey and retrieve updated register data on the same population 5-6 years later. The project is part of an international collaboration with similar studies conducted in Sweden, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. We will examine questions such as:
•How can we explain the relatively educational ambitions among immigrant origin youth and to what extent does it translate into actual attainments? Can the so-called "immigrant drive" be linked to the parents' social position in the home country or cultural norms in different immigrant groups?
•Who are most at risk of dropping out of the school system and becoming unemployed? What social risk factors in adolescence cab explain negative outcomes in early adulthood?
•Does identities, attitudes, religiosity, belonging, etc. change from adolescence to early adulthood, and how do such changes relate to socio-economic conditions?
•How can we best understand patterns of gender differences in life choices and outcomes in early adulthood??
•What is the significance of an openly inclusive education system, a generous universal welfare state and an active gender equality policy, for the economic and cultural integration of immigrant children?
•Can research from Scandinavia shed light on international theories on immigrant integration and assimilation mostly developed in the US?
In an era of rapidly increasing ethnic, cultural and religious diversity due to immigration, the question of how children of immigrants adapt and become part of the socio-economic structure as well as the social and cultural fabric of society is a decisive test of sustainability for immigrant receiving countries. As new generations of ethnically diverse adolescents move into adulthood, investigating the forces that shape their opportunities and adaptations not just in in education, employment, but also in the social and cultural life of Norwegian society is crucial for understanding the challenges of the future, in terms of social cohesion, inequality and sustainability.