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VAM-Velferd, arbeid og migrasjon

Combining Work and Care for Older Parents

Alternative title: Hvordan kombinerer arbeidstakere jobb og omsorg for gamle foreldre?

Awarded: NOK 12.0 mill.

Project Number:

315428

Application Type:

Project Period:

2021 - 2024

Funding received from:

Partner countries:

The primary objective of the project is to generate new knowledge on how senior employees' care obligations for their older parents affect their labour market participation, and to disseminate this knowledge to informed policymaking promoting extended and full-time working lives for employees. Trends in population ageing constitute a potentially important policy dilemma with respect to the organization of elderly care. On the one hand, the probable rise in care requirements, in combination with the challenges related to the fiscal sustainability of the welfare state, suggest that we need to mobilize family resources in order to provide long-term care for older people. On the other hand, the mobilization of family resources may make it difficult for caregivers to participate fully in the labour market, and this may again undermine the fiscal sustainability. By analysing registerdata the project will identify and quantify the effects of having a care-needing parent on the supply of labour and the demand for social insurance benefits, and examine how effects are mediated by (combinations of) individual characteristics, enterprises characteristics in different sectors and industries, and family situation Further collect survey data and investigate various groups of employees? experiences and need for support. In addition, the project will conduct case studies among enterprises in different sectors and enterprises in Norway, Sweden and Denmark to investigate conflicts of interest between employees and employers in different sectors and industries. Based on the findings, the research group will discuss policy with stakeholders. Web: https://www.oslomet.no/en/research/research-projects/coworkcare

The primary objective of the project is to generate new knowledge on how senior employees' care obligations for their older parents affect their labour market participation, and to disseminate this knowledge to informed policymaking promoting extended and full-time working lives for employees who give care to older parents. Trends in population ageing constitute a potentially important policy dilemma with respect to the organization of elderly care. On the one hand, the probable rise in care requirements, in combination with the challenges related to the fiscal sustainability of the welfare state, suggest that we need to mobilize family resources in order to provide long-term care for older people. On the other hand, the mobilization of family resources may make it difficult for caregivers to participate fully in the labour market, and this may again undermine the fiscal sustainability. This project will identify which employees with parents in need of care are at risk of exiting the labour market, increasing their use of part- time work, and using insurance benefits. The project will examine the significance of individual characteristics, enterprises characteristics in different sectors and industries, and family context. The theoretical framework is the conflict of interests between increasing needs for care and a relatively lack of people participating in the labour marked. This conflict of interest will be investigated at micro-level (between care giving employees and employers) and at macro level (between the welfare state and the labour marked). The study will adopt a mixed-method approach and apply both quantitative and qualitative methods. We will combine analyses of uniquely rich administrative population registers, qualitative data and survey data methods within a multidisciplinary research framework. Researchers from the fields of economy, political science and sociology will collaborate in the project.

Publications from Cristin

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Funding scheme:

VAM-Velferd, arbeid og migrasjon