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SAMRISK-2-Samfunnssikkerhet og risiko

Coordination, Response and Networked Resilience

Alternative title: Koordinering, respons og samfunnsmessig resiliens

Awarded: NOK 12.0 mill.

Usually, the word "crisis" is used to describe sudden and dramatic events like major accidents, natural disasters or terror attacks. While such events can have catastrophic consequences, they are usually confined to a geographic place and lasts for a short period of time. The COVID-19 pandemic is something different. It is a "creeping" crisis with an unclear beginning and end which poses an unprecedented call for effective response in every nation in the world. The hypothesis of CORNER is that effective response to the pandemic lies in the dynamics between political-administrative leadership, and the reactions and responses of the public. Nations around the world are being tested on their adaptive capacity - the ability to change and reconfigure with minimum loss of function, as well their ability to ?bounce back? from the crisis. CORNER studies crisis leadership and public response in Norway, Sweden and Italy. The aim is to learn from and improve the adaptive capacity to manage the crisis, the social dynamics that emerges in the crisis and to improve the resilience to both the current and future crises. The public health response involves leaders making hard decisions in a continuously evolving situation characterized by high uncertainty. In addition to being a crisis to be managed, the pandemic is also a cultural phenomenon. It is a state of exception where risks are played down and amplified and where principles of ethics, moral values and democracy are more fluent and visible than in normal situations. The crisis actualizes fundamental questions related to digital surveillance, involving a dilemma between protecting the citizens health and well-being, and protecting their right to privacy and freedom. CORNER combines real-time studies of leadership practices with in-depth netnographic studies of the societal dynamics taking place in heterogenous populations, and compares the result of these studies across different cultural and political contexts.

The COVID-19 pandemic is a creeping crisis posing a tremendous call for effective response in nations across the globe. The basis of CORNER is the hypothesis that effective response to the pandemic lies in the dynamics between leadership by political-administrative authorities on the one hand and the reactions in the public on the other. Nations around the world are being tested on their adaptive capacity - the ability to change and reconfigure with minimum loss of function, as well their ability to ‘bounce back’ from the crisis. CORNER provides a comparative social scientific study in Norway, Sweden and Italy and aims to learn from and improve the real-time efforts to cultivate adaptive capacity to manage the crisis. This aims at improving the resilience to both the current and future major crises. The public health response is a situation where resource, communication and coordination capabilities are pushed to their limits. The response involves leaders aligning paradoxes and making hard decisions in a continuously evolving situation characterized by high uncertainty. In addition to being a crises to be managed, the pandemic is also a cultural phenomenon. It is a state of exception where risks are attenuated and amplified and where principles of ethics moral values and democracy are more fluent and visible than in normal situations. The crisis actualizes fundamental questions related to digital surveillance, involving a dilemma between protecting the citizens health and well-being, and protecting their right to privacy and freedom. CORNER analyses this situation by means of three work packages: 1) The translation of existing scientific knowledge and practical experience on risk communication in situations like the COVID-19 crisis, 2) An in situ, real-time study of crisis leadership based on observation of crisis management arenas, and 3) A study of the societal dynamics in and about the crisis combining survey methods with in-depth qualitative analysis.

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SAMRISK-2-Samfunnssikkerhet og risiko