Planned EU project
The link between health and climate change
A growing body of evidence shows that the health of humanity is intrinsically linked to the health of
Climate change affects the health of people in Europe through warming
temperatures and changing weather patterns. More intense and frequent extreme events and changes in
air, water and food availability, ecosystems, agriculture, livelihoods and infrastructure affect human
health and well-being. Furthermore, climate change contributes to economic inequality, promotes
poverty, and increase health inequalities in communities. Challenges for health will increase in the
future and exacerbate existing environmental health exposures and risks.
Some population groups are particularly vulnerable to the health effects of climate change, whether
because of existing socioeconomic inequalities, cultural norms, physical health or intrinsic
physiological factors. These groups include women, young children and older people, people with
existing health problems or disabilities, and poor and marginalised communities. These groups tend to
have poorer health and have higher demand of health care services. By focusing on these vulnerable
groups, health inequalities may be minimized.