Maritime transport systems are becoming increasingly interconnected, automated and complex. This development involves new opportunities but will also imply new vulnerabilities.
The MARMAN (Maritime Resilience Management of a Multi-Modal Transport System) project will focus on implementation and application of vessels with different levels of automation. This includes how the resilience engineering perspective, representing a proactive management approach and principles for handling both normal operations and surprises, can be applied to improve the reliability of maritime transport systems.
MARMAN will explore what forms of regulatory, managerial, and operational competencies that are needed when faced with increased connectivity and automation.
The rapid pace of technological and societal changes creates a strong need for competence related to standards, regulations and management of operations that allows for exploiting the benefits of new technology, without running unacceptable risk. The technology that is being introduced involves different degrees of autonomy and different forms of Intelligent Transport Systems. This will increase the complexity, change the interconnection between actors and change the way of working.
Partners are SINTEF Digital, SINTEF Ocean and NTNU. International academical partners are from Ohio State University. A reference group will supervise and assist the project, and includes ITS Norway, Massterly, Anteo and the Norwegian Maritime Authority.
The results related to maritime resilience management are based on a socio-technical approach and will be adapted to integrated planning area. In the resilience area, scientific insights and operational practices will be seen in concert to be prepared for expected and unexpected events. The project emphasizes increased resilience knowledge that may be utilized in the transport sector. A research fellow will be engaged and contribute to increased scientific knowledge and competence in the field.
The vision of the project is "to enable resilient, safe and efficient planning, management and operations of an automated integrated transport system in a complex future".
The MARMAN project takes a novel approach to the study of digitalisation and increased autonomy in the maritime transport system (MTS) by adopting a holistic, multi-level and multi-method approach. Maritime transport systems, including terminals and vessels, are becoming increasingly interconnected, automated and complex, from a human centred approach to digital connectivity. This development involves new opportunities but will also imply new vulnerabilities.
MARMAN will centre on implementation and application of connected autonomous and automated vessels/vehicles (CAV) and will develop knowledge to understand and manage the potential brittleness and risks, and how the MTS can prepare for uncertainty and the unknown when planning and executing transports. Particular attention is on laws and regulations, integrated planning between the transport modes, at different management levels (from government to operational practise), work practices in the sharp and blunt end, and the interrelations between the levels.
The results of our research related to maritime resilience management will be based on a socio-technical approach and used within integrated planning. In the resilience area, scientific insights and operational practices will be seen in concert to be prepared for expected and unexpected events. The project will publish approximately 12 scientific papers, one PhD thesis, in addition to 3 MSc thesis.
The project will cover four thematic areas:
1. The integrated maritime transport system (MTS)
2. Maritime sea leg – On board and control centre practices
3. Port and terminal – Onshore management practices
4. Across sectors and countries – Socio-technical practices