Maritime transport systems are becoming increasingly interconnected, automated, and complex. This development entails new opportunities, but will also entail new vulnerabilities. Over the past year, we have seen several incidents affecting the transport system, such as the Hans storm that led to the closure of the rail corridor between north and south in Norway. Another example is how international and global conditions such as war affect transport. Here, the planning of resilient and alternative transport corridors is of great importance.
The MARMAN project (Maritime Resilience Management of a Multi-Modal Transport System) deals with the implementation and application of technology with varying degrees of automation. The project emphasizes how the resilience perspective can be applied to improve the reliability of maritime transport systems. The project is a proactive approach to handling both normal operations and unwanted incidents. This is important when implementing new transport systems, such as autonomous vessels.
Furthermore, the project explores the forms of regulatory, managerial and operational competence needed for increased connectivity and automation.
The rapid pace of technological and societal change creates a strong need for increased competence, which may be different from today's. The need for new standards and regulations makes it possible to exploit new technology without risking unacceptable risk. The technology being introduced involves varying degrees of autonomy and different forms of intelligent transport systems (ITS). This will increase complexity, change the interaction between actors and change the way of working.
Partners in the project are SINTEF Digital, SINTEF Ocean and NTNU. International academic partners are from The Ohio State University and VTI in Sweden. A reference group provides guidance and assistance along the way with representatives from the industry and the authorities.
The results related to maritime resilient management are based on a sociotechnical approach and adapted to the area of integrated planning. In the field of resilience, theory and operational practice are seen in context in order to handle both foreseen and unexpected events. There is an increased focus on knowledge within resilience that can be applied to the transport sector. This also reflects the needs of the industry, and the MARMAN project had a two-day workshop in Sweden together with ABB, VTI and the Port of Nordvik (Stockholm). Further research collaboration with them is planned, including an EU application.
Several publications have been prepared as results and deliveries from the project, some of which have already been published and others are being prepared.
A PhD candidate contributes to increased scientific knowledge and competence in the field. The PhD candidate affiliated with the project belongs to the PhD programme in Economics and Management, Faculty of Economics, NTNU. He has so far completed the mandatory doctoral courses and has two articles under review in reputable journals.
Two students from the master's programme in Sustainability, Working Environment and Safety Management, Department of Industrial Economics and Technology Management, have been engaged in the project to conduct and document a literature review on resilience perspectives used in maritime transport. The literature review is available in the form of a database containing the relevant publications and information related to them.
The same students have also written a master's thesis related to the MARMAN project.
The vision of the project is "to enable resilient, safe and efficient planning, management and operations of an automated integrated transport system in a complex future".
The MARMAN project takes a novel approach to the study of digitalisation and increased autonomy in the maritime transport system (MTS) by adopting a holistic, multi-level and multi-method approach. Maritime transport systems, including terminals and vessels, are becoming increasingly interconnected, automated and complex, from a human centred approach to digital connectivity. This development involves new opportunities but will also imply new vulnerabilities.
MARMAN will centre on implementation and application of connected autonomous and automated vessels/vehicles (CAV) and will develop knowledge to understand and manage the potential brittleness and risks, and how the MTS can prepare for uncertainty and the unknown when planning and executing transports. Particular attention is on laws and regulations, integrated planning between the transport modes, at different management levels (from government to operational practise), work practices in the sharp and blunt end, and the interrelations between the levels.
The results of our research related to maritime resilience management will be based on a socio-technical approach and used within integrated planning. In the resilience area, scientific insights and operational practices will be seen in concert to be prepared for expected and unexpected events. The project will publish approximately 12 scientific papers, one PhD thesis, in addition to 3 MSc thesis.
The project will cover four thematic areas:
1. The integrated maritime transport system (MTS)
2. Maritime sea leg – On board and control centre practices
3. Port and terminal – Onshore management practices
4. Across sectors and countries – Socio-technical practices