The fisheries and aquaculture sector represents the 4th largest industry in Norway, employing over 60,000 people and generating more than 100 billion NOK yearly. The vessels used in this industry consume around 600-800 million litres of fossil fuels every year, which accounts for a significant share of the country's greenhouse gas emissions. Making it possible for the industry to reduce – and even eliminate – these emissions is the objective of the ZeroKyst project.
The Collaborative and Knowledge-building part of the project (KSP ZeroKyst) aims at developing key competence to make the transition to zero-emission vessels possible. This will be achieved by developing models, tools and competence for creating safe, reliable and cost-effective zero-emission powertrains compatible with a wide range of vessels. The project will also provide models, methodologies and competence for enabling hydrogen bunkering and development of electric charging infrastructure for operation of new or retrofitted vessels. Furthermore, KSP ZeroKyst will carry out an analysis of the environmental impact of such a transition, its consequences on energy demand and the market potential created by the implementation, upscaling and export of the technologies demonstrated in the main project.
Beyond solving technological challenges, the research activities in the project will provide the basis for evaluating the market potential for zero-emission vessels by using design thinking methodology. Based on the resulting findings, transition scenarios will be constructed. Sustainability and societal risks of these scenarios will also be analysed. Mathematical modelling of the developed scenarios will be used to provide an optimal pathway for the transition, and to quantify uncertainty and risk. These analyses will enable an optimisation of the necessary onshore infrastructure. The infrastructure will be integrated into a multi-energy carrier system, ensuring its flexibility and robustness.
Fisheries and aquaculture is the 4th largest Norwegian industry, employing 66000 people and generating >100bn NOK yearly. Fishing and utility vessels in this industry generate a significant share of Norway's total GHG emissions. Climate neutrality by 2050 will require a disruptive green shift, including massive adoption of zero-emission vessels. To meet this challenge, efficient and sustainable transition strategies must be found, and technology development must accelerate and match end user expectations for reliability, cost, performance, and availability of infrastructure.
The ZeroKyst consortium is spearheading the green shift of this sector, by demonstrating the feasibility and safe operation of H2-electric vessels. KSP ZeroKyst will develop a modelling framework that enables efficient technology development of tailored, reliable and cost-efficient H2-electric drive-trains for the wide range of vessels populating the coastline today (retrofit) and in the future (new-build). Concurrently, concepts for efficient and high utilization charging and bunkering infrastructure at sea will be developed, to enable flexible operation and range extension of H2-electric vessels, which is limited by the low volumetric energy density of H2.
To progress beyond making the technology available, and enable massive introduction necessary for reaching climate goals, the market potential of H2-electric vessels will be evaluated using design thinking methodology, from which transition scenario will be constructed. The sustainability and societal risk in these scenarios will be analysed. Mathematical modelling of these scenarios will be used for techno-economic optimization, forming transition strategies for the fleet. Corresponding onshore infrastructure will be optimized and localized at a regional level and integrated into a multi-energy carrier system to harvest benefits as flexibility and robustness. These efforts combined will define the roadmap for a zero-emission coastline.