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BIONÆR-Bionæringsprogram

Strategies for Circular Agriculture to reduce GHG emissions within and between farming systems across an agro-ecological gradient

Alternative title: Strategier for sirkularitet i landbruket for å redusere klimagassutslipp i og mellom landbrukssystemer langs en agro-økologisk gradient

Awarded: NOK 5.1 mill.

The overall objective of CircAgric-GHG is to enhance circularity within and between farm typologies across an agro-ecological gradient from the arctic climate in Norway, via the oceanic climate of UK and Ireland, continental climate of Germany, Mediterranean climate of Spain and Italy to the tropics in Kenya and the dry and temperate climate of South Africa – in order to drive GHG mitigation and wider food system sustainability at multiple scales (farm, local, regional, national and international). In 2023, the project has carried out workshops with high-end stakeholders and with farmers in both Wales and Norway. Similar workshops are planned to be held in Germany, Italy, and South Africa. A video was produced for use at the workshop. The video explains circular agriculture. The video has been translated into Norwegian and Italian and can be viewed on the website www.circagric.org. Technology is used in the project to provide input to possible circular practices at landscape level. In Norway, drones have been used to measure greenhouse gases over a farm and in Italy, satellite measurements have contributed to assessing landscape changes. In Italy, cows have been allocated wastes from bakeries as feed and sustainability and circularity have been assessed. Many farmers across all countries have been interviewed and the results are processed by the Spanish partner to model circular practices and which practices can be implemented to increase circularity.

European farms trend towards specialisation and high yields but have become increasingly dependent on external inputs to compensate for declining recycling of nutrients. Farms in sub-Saharan Africa less specialized, have low inputs and yields and higher vulnerability to climate change. In Europe, re-coupling of livestock and crop systems could play an important role in more efficient (re)cycling of resources across livestock and crops, and food value chains. In Africa, integrating sustainability and resilience objectives with enhanced food security could avoid some of the trade-offs currently experienced in Europe (e.g., high GHG emissions and N pollution). CircAgric-GHG represents 17 world-leading researchers from 8 countries with expertise in livestock, cropping systems, farm and landscape modelling, LCA and ecosystem services. The consortium will draw upon state-of-the-art knowledge, research methods and models to assess how circular practices can deliver sustainable food systems. Using farm typologies as a baseline, the extent of existing circular practice implementation will be evaluated. Promising practices to enhance circularity will be proposed across typologies and agro-ecological zones. High-resolution modelling of resource cycling and GHG emissions at farm and landscape level will be undertaken using process- and farm models, with remote sensing of particularly uncertain land use emission fluxes using novel satellite and drone technology. LCA will be applied to integrate modelling outputs into environmental footprints of food production, developing a novel framework for future projects. Farm-scale modelling will also inform a marginal abatement cost curve and a decision support tool, enabling robust comparison of GHG abatement efficacy of specific circular practices. Stakeholder dialogue via workshops and focus groups will identify systemic lock-ins and levers pertinent to wide scale deployment of circular practices, culminating in a Transition Roadmap

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Funding scheme:

BIONÆR-Bionæringsprogram

Thematic Areas and Topics

LandbrukPlanterLandbrukAnvendt forskningBioøkonomiFNs BærekraftsmålNaturmangfold og miljøTerrestrisk naturmangfold, økosystemer og økosystemtjenesterLTP3 Høy kvalitet og tilgjengelighetJoint Programming Initiative (JPI) (ny fra 2014)Bransjer og næringerNaturmangfoldMatPortefølje Mat og bioressurserFNs BærekraftsmålMål 12 Ansvarlig forbruk og produksjonJoint Programming Initiative (JPI) (ny fra 2014)JPI FACCEMatMat - Grønn sektorPortefølje ForskningssystemetLTP3 Samfunnsikkerhet, sårbarhet og konfliktInternasjonaliseringInternasjonalt samarbeid om utlysningBransjer og næringerLandbrukLTP3 Samfunnssikkerhet og beredskapLTP3 Rettede internasjonaliseringstiltakFNs BærekraftsmålMål 13 Stoppe klimaendringenePortefølje Energi og transportKutt i utslipp av klimagasserCo-Funded/ERA-NETERA-NET Cofund H2020Politikk- og forvaltningsområderMiljø, klima og naturforvaltningLTP3 Miljøvennlig energi og lavutslippsløsningerInternasjonaliseringInternasjonalt prosjektsamarbeidBioøkonomiØvrig bioøkonomiInternasjonaliseringLandbrukJordFNs BærekraftsmålMål 2 Utrydde sultNaturmangfold og miljøPolitikk- og forvaltningsområderMatGlobal matsikkerhetKlimarelevant forskningLTP3 Bioøkonomi og forvaltningLavutslippLTP3 Klima, miljø og energiLandbrukHusdyrCo-Funded/ERA-NETLTP3 Et kunnskapsintensivt næringsliv i hele landetPolitikk- og forvaltningsområderSkog, landbruk og matLTP3 Klima, polar og miljøLTP3 Styrket konkurransekraft og innovasjonsevnePortefølje Klima og miljø