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MILJØFORSK-Miljøforskning for en grønn samfunnsomstilling

Greening the economy- Facilitating Innovation, Economics and Labour Demand

Alternative title: En grønnere økonomi - Tilrettelegging og konsekvenser for innovasjon, økonomi og etterspørsel etter arbeidskraft

Awarded: NOK 12.0 mill.

GREENFIELD investigates the impact of the green transition on skills requirements and labour market outcomes at the firm and individual level, as well as measures that can help realize or speed up the green transition. It is organised around four work packages, applying state of the art econometric methods and unique high-quality population-wide linked employer-employee data on jobs, workers and firms with information on e.g., wages, education, unemployment, accounting and patents, combined with questionnaire survey data and textual data. GREENFIELD involves collaboration with leading researchers from Imperial College London, University College London, University of Albany and NBER, thus making it possible to compare elements of the green transition in Norway, UK and the U.S. WP 1 addresses issues related to how the transition to green industries, occupations and jobs affect working conditions, pay, location, job creation and job reallocation, with particular emphasis on polarization and inequality. We will also study the need for reskilling or upskilling. WP 2 study how public policies might support the green transition, domestically and abroad through trade, directly and through spillover effects. WP 3 addresses the role of intangible capital has for the green transition and the return to this form for capital. Traditionally by capital analyses have focused on physical capital. Intangible capital comprises copyrights, patents and software. WP 4 investigates how the pandemic alters the green transition, by addressing labour demand responses and firm innovation and performance. In particular, we analyze how the pandemic has influenced the use of electronic communication platforms, and how this has affected workers and their work patterns.

GREENFIELD investigates the impact of the green transition on skills requirements and labour market outcomes at the firm and individual level, as well as measures that can help realize or speed up the green transition. It is organised around four work packages, applying state of the art econometric methods and unique high quality population-wide linked employer-employee data on jobs, workers and firms with information on e.g., wages, education, unemployment, accounting and patents, combined with questionnaire survey data and textual data. GREENFIELD involves collaboration with leading researchers from Imperial College London, University College London, University of Albany and NBER, thus making it possible to compare elements of the green transition in Norway, UK and the U.S. WP 1 addresses issues related to how the transition to green industries, occupations and jobs affect working conditions, pay, location, job creation and job reallocation, with particular emphasis on polarization and inequality, but also on the reskilling or upskilling to satisfy labour demand. WP 2 study how public policies might support the green transition, domestically and abroad through trade. First, we analyse how the greenness innovation mix of firms respond to public policies, and how the implementation of green technology is sensitive to price and taxes. We explicitly address how spillovers associated with green innovations influence the greenness of the economy. Next, we address how public innovation support is successful in exporting green technology and how green technology developed abroad is implemented in Norway. WP 3 addresses the implications of the increasing role of intangible capital for the green transition, with special attention to the return to different forms for capital. WP 4 investigates how the pandemic alters the green transition, by addressing labour demand responses and firm innovation and performance. We explicitly look closer on electronic communication

Funding scheme:

MILJØFORSK-Miljøforskning for en grønn samfunnsomstilling

Thematic Areas and Topics

Demokrati, makt og styringArbeidBransjer og næringerDigitalisering og bruk av IKTLavutslippLTP3 Demokrati, styring og forvaltningUtdanningKjønnsperspektiver i forskningLTP3 Muliggjørende og industrielle teknologierInternasjonaliseringKlimarelevant forskningPortefølje InnovasjonCovid19Politikk- og forvaltningsområderFinansmarkedene og økonomisk styringPortefølje Muliggjørende teknologierKlimaRammebetingelser og virkemidler for utslippsreduksjon og karbonopptakLTP3 Utenforskap, inkludering, kulturmøter og migrasjonPortefølje ForskningssystemetPolitikk- og forvaltningsområderArbeidsliv - Politikk og forvaltningLTP3 Klima, miljø og energiFNs BærekraftsmålMål 12 Ansvarlig forbruk og produksjonLTP3 Et kunnskapsintensivt næringsliv i hele landetFNs BærekraftsmålMål 8 Anstendig arbeid og økonomisk vekstKjønnsperspektiver i forskningKjønn som variabelKutt i utslipp av klimagasserAnvendt forskningLTP3 Tillit og fellesskapLTP3 Miljøvennlig energi og lavutslippsløsningerInternasjonaliseringInternasjonalt prosjektsamarbeidBransjer og næringerMiljø - NæringsområdePolitikk- og forvaltningsområderMiljø, klima og naturforvaltningArbeidArbeidsmarkedPortefølje Velferd og utdanningUtdanningUtdanning og kompetanse i samspill med arbeids- og samfunnslivLTP3 IKT og digital transformasjonDigitalisering og bruk av IKTPrivat sektorPortefølje Energi og transportLTP3 Innovasjon i stat og kommuneLTP3 Klima, polar og miljøLTP3 Styrket konkurransekraft og innovasjonsevneFornyelse og innovasjon i offentlig sektorFNs BærekraftsmålPortefølje Demokrati og global utviklingPortefølje Klima og miljøKlimaPolitikk- og forvaltningsområderFornyelse og innovasjon i offentlig sektorForskning for fornyelse av offentlig sektor