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MILJØFORSK-Miljøforskning for en grønn samfunnsomstilling

Greening the economy- Facilitating Innovation, Economics and Labour Demand

Alternative title: En grønnere økonomi - Tilrettelegging og konsekvenser for innovasjon, økonomi og etterspørsel etter arbeidskraft

Awarded: NOK 12.0 mill.

GREENFIELD investigates the impact of the green transition on skills requirements and labour market outcomes at the firm and individual level, as well as measures that can help realize or speed up the green transition. It is organised around four work packages, applying state of the art econometric methods and unique high-quality population-wide linked employer-employee data on jobs, workers and firms with information on e.g., wages, education, unemployment, accounting and patents, combined with questionnaire survey data and textual data. GREENFIELD involves collaboration with leading researchers from Imperial College London, University College London, University of Albany and NBER, thus making it possible to compare elements of the green transition in Norway, UK and the U.S. WP 1 addresses issues related to how the transition to green industries, occupations and jobs affect working conditions, pay, location, job creation and job reallocation, with particular emphasis on polarization and inequality. We will also study the need for reskilling or upskilling. WP 2 study how public policies might support the green transition, domestically and abroad through trade, directly and through spillover effects. WP 3 addresses the role of intangible capital has for the green transition and the return to this form for capital. Traditionally by capital analyses have focused on physical capital. Intangible capital comprises copyrights, patents and software. WP 4 investigates how the pandemic alters the green transition, by addressing labour demand responses and firm innovation and performance. In particular, we analyze how the pandemic has influenced the use of electronic communication platforms, and how this has affected workers and their work patterns.

GREENFIELD investigates the impact of the green transition on skills requirements and labour market outcomes at the firm and individual level, as well as measures that can help realize or speed up the green transition. It is organised around four work packages, applying state of the art econometric methods and unique high quality population-wide linked employer-employee data on jobs, workers and firms with information on e.g., wages, education, unemployment, accounting and patents, combined with questionnaire survey data and textual data. GREENFIELD involves collaboration with leading researchers from Imperial College London, University College London, University of Albany and NBER, thus making it possible to compare elements of the green transition in Norway, UK and the U.S. WP 1 addresses issues related to how the transition to green industries, occupations and jobs affect working conditions, pay, location, job creation and job reallocation, with particular emphasis on polarization and inequality, but also on the reskilling or upskilling to satisfy labour demand. WP 2 study how public policies might support the green transition, domestically and abroad through trade. First, we analyse how the greenness innovation mix of firms respond to public policies, and how the implementation of green technology is sensitive to price and taxes. We explicitly address how spillovers associated with green innovations influence the greenness of the economy. Next, we address how public innovation support is successful in exporting green technology and how green technology developed abroad is implemented in Norway. WP 3 addresses the implications of the increasing role of intangible capital for the green transition, with special attention to the return to different forms for capital. WP 4 investigates how the pandemic alters the green transition, by addressing labour demand responses and firm innovation and performance. We explicitly look closer on electronic communication

Funding scheme:

MILJØFORSK-Miljøforskning for en grønn samfunnsomstilling

Thematic Areas and Topics

ArbeidArbeidsmarkedInternasjonaliseringPolitikk- og forvaltningsområderArbeidsliv - Politikk og forvaltningAnvendt forskningCovid19Politikk- og forvaltningsområderFinansmarkedene og økonomisk styringArbeidBransjer og næringerMiljø - NæringsområdePolitikk- og forvaltningsområderFNs BærekraftsmålDemokrati, makt og styringDigitalisering og bruk av IKTPrivat sektorFNs BærekraftsmålMål 12 Ansvarlig forbruk og produksjonInternasjonaliseringInternasjonalt prosjektsamarbeidUtdanningUtdanning og kompetanse i samspill med arbeids- og samfunnslivDigitalisering og bruk av IKTKjønnsperspektiver i forskningKutt i utslipp av klimagasserKlimarelevant forskningLavutslippLTP3 Demokrati, styring og forvaltningLTP3 Klima, miljø og energiKjønnsperspektiver i forskningKjønn som variabelPolitikk- og forvaltningsområderMiljø, klima og naturforvaltningLTP3 Klima, polar og miljøKlimaRammebetingelser og virkemidler for utslippsreduksjon og karbonopptakLTP3 Styrket konkurransekraft og innovasjonsevneLTP3 Miljøvennlig energi og lavutslippsløsningerLTP3 Innovasjon i stat og kommuneBransjer og næringerPortefølje Klima og miljøPortefølje Demokrati og global utviklingLTP3 Utenforskap, inkludering, kulturmøter og migrasjonPortefølje Velferd og utdanningLTP3 IKT og digital transformasjonPortefølje ForskningssystemetLTP3 Et kunnskapsintensivt næringsliv i hele landetFornyelse og innovasjon i offentlig sektorPortefølje Energi og transportKlimaLTP3 Muliggjørende og industrielle teknologierFNs BærekraftsmålMål 8 Anstendig arbeid og økonomisk vekstLTP3 Tillit og fellesskapUtdanningPortefølje Muliggjørende teknologierPortefølje InnovasjonFornyelse og innovasjon i offentlig sektorForskning for fornyelse av offentlig sektor