It can readily be observed simply by looking around or listening attentively in any natural setting, that people’s engagements with their surroundings are different from a decade ago. Today, in the mountains, by the seaside, and in the forests, it is hard to find anyone who is not tapping on their smartphones, flying drones, using wearable cameras, or other gadgets to digitally “capture”, and augment, their experiences of the environment. The objective of DigiFREN is to study this transformative moment of environmental perceptions in Europe.
The historically and ethnographically grounded research will elucidate digital aestheticization in/of fragile environments, namely, how is digital media and technology implicated in reframing environmental perceptions, affections, conceptions, and practices. Five places in Slovenia, Croatia, Finland, Norway and Poland, strongly impacted, or seen to be threated, by human activity, have been carefully selected to reflect the cultural and ecological diversity of Europe. Although particularly important in the era of “overheating” (Eriksen 2016), digital aestheticization of fragile environments remains ethnographically relatively understudied. In the humanities, it was debated primarily in art theory, (new) media studies, and philosophy. Furthering these debates, DigiFREN will approach digital aestheticization as it unfolds in everyday life.
DigiFREN is the first ethnographic project to undertake a large-scale, comparative study of the topic in a digitalizing Europe. It expands established methodological strategies and introduces the experimental method of senso-digital walking. DigiFREN is uniquely designed to study the shifting and increasingly important relationships between the changing categories of the human, environmental, and technological. Thus, it will produce important results relevant to not only anthropology, history, cultural and sensory studies, but also to human geography, environmental aesthetics and media studies.
DigiFREN will produce new understandings of digital aestheticization in/of fragile environments in five European countries. The historically and ethnographically grounded research will elucidate how digital media and technology contributes to reframing and transforming environmental perceptions, sensibilities, and practices. DigiFREN will approach digital aestheticization in/of fragile environments as it unfolds in, and impacts everyday life, and more precisely in the contexts of outdoor leisure in Slovenia’s Alpine region of Solcavsko and Bohinj, along Croatia’s Adriatic coast in Kornati and Paklenica national parks, in Finnish peatlands of Sodankylä and Lieksa, the Norwegian Sørmarka urban forest, and along riverbanks in the Odra river valley in Lower Silesia in Poland. DigiFREN is the first ethnographic project to undertake a large-scale, comparative study of digital aestheticization in a digitally transforming Europe.
Consisting of three partners from the so-called Widening Countries, the consortium consists of the University of Ljubljana (Slovenia), who is also the leading partner, Jagiellonian University (Poland), University of Eastern Finland (Finland), Institute of ethnology and folklore research (Croatia), and the University of Stavanger (Norway). The consortium is composed by academic partners accomplished in the fields of environmental anthropology and environmental history, science and technology studies, digital anthropology, history of technology, anthropology of leisure, and sensory studies, as well as anthropology, ethnology and cultural studies of art. As such, it is well suited to address the project’s objectives.
The Norwegian team will use and develop historical rephotography as a method for understanding the digital aestheticization in/of fragile environments.