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HAVBRUK2-Stort program for havbruksforskning

ERA-NET: (FORSTERK) RT-FIBEAN, Development of a real-time fish-behaviour analysis tool for early-warning applications in aquaculture systems

Alternative title: BlueBio, RT-FIBEAN, Utvikling av et sanntidssystem for overvåking av fiskeadferd for tidlig varsling i akvakultursystemer.

Awarded: NOK 0.22 mill.

Our research aims to develop an automated system using machine vision and machine learning to detect real-time changes in fish behavior. We have created an underwater camera system and algorithms for tracking fish behavior. Promising results from testing include clear trends in behavior changes of Atlantic salmon smolt exposed to H2S, an important stressor in aquaculture. However, our current data processing pipeline only allows for retrospective analyses. To make the system operational and beneficial to the industry, real-time processing is necessary for quick decisions and optimal fish welfare. We believe a key-point-based detection algorithm can reduce resource usage and enable real-time processing of fish behavior video data. This advancement has the potential to revolutionize fish welfare in aquaculture, as it allows for proactive detection and prompt response to unfavorable environmental conditions. In summary, our research focuses on an automated system that uses machine vision to monitor fish behavior in real time. By refining the camera system and processing algorithm, we can achieve real-time analysis and enhance our understanding of fish behavior while ensuring their welfare in commercial aquaculture.

The overall aim of this research is to develop an automated system for real-time detection of changes in fish behaviour via machine vision and machine learning to reveal unfavourable environmental changes before the fish is severely harmed. We have so far developed an under water camera system with the corresponding processing algorithms for fish behaviour tracking and obtained results after testing in demo-scale have been highly promising, including, clear data trends on detected behaviour changes of Atlantic salmon smolt in response to H2S exposure, representing a stressor with high relevance in commercial land-based aquaculture. However, with the current implementation of the data processing pipeline we are not able to achieve real-time processing of the incoming video data, which currently only allows for retrospective analyses. In order to evolve the demonstrated technology to become operational useful for the industry, real-time processing is necessary, allowing for quick decisions to maintain best possible fish welfare. Therefore, improving the developed machine learning-supported stereo camera system and processing algorithm is a necessary step towards commercialisation of the stereo camera and its processing algorithm. The current implementation of the data processing pipeline is based on an existing open-source neural network architecture, this architecture detects the region of interest of the objects. We believe that a key-point based detection algorithm will need less resources for processing and has therefore high potential to allow for real-time processing of fish behaviour video data.

Funding scheme:

HAVBRUK2-Stort program for havbruksforskning