1 125 prosjekter

FRIBIO-Biologi og biomedisin

Feeding interactions and growth of salmon parr and sculpins in a sub-Arctic river

The coexistence of sculpins and salmon parr in a wide range of river habitats gives rise to examine the realised ecological niche of sympatric species along different scales of resource diversity as benthos and habitat, and may display new mechanisms in s pecies coexistence. In this project growt...

Tildelt: kr 1,4 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2008

Sted: Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku - Tromssa ja Finmarkku

PROFO-Forurensning – kilder, spredning og effekter

Effects of pesticides on endocrine function and development in amphibians

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Tildelt: kr 0,45 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2006

Sted: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

BIOEVO-Evolusjonsbiologi og økologi

Variation in reproductive effort and cost in a sexually dimorphic ungulate: testing the Trivers-Willard and terminal investment hypotheses

Determining the patterns and causes of variation in life-history strategies is one of the main goals of ecology, as such variation shapes both population dynamics and in turn the evolutionary biology of different species. However, good quality data of lon ger time-series are scarce, and it has so...

Tildelt: kr 1,3 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2005

Sted: Viken

BIOEVO-Evolusjonsbiologi og økologi

Towards an increased understanding of broad-scale patterns and processes in ecology - worldwide comparison of macroecological patterns along

nderstanding the mechanisms and dynamics of natural ecosystems is a major goal for ecologists and biogeographers. In this project we will focus on the description, characterisation, and analysis of macroecological patterns and the mechanisms that create t hese patterns. The macroecological patter...

Tildelt: kr 1,4 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2005

Sted: Vestland

BIOEVO-Evolusjonsbiologi og økologi

Migration and schooling dynamics of herring and capelin during the spawning season - Impact on stock assessment

The assessment of Norwegian spring spawning herring and Barents Sea capelin is largely based on acoustic abundance estimates from the feeding season (both species) and wintering season (herring). There is a potential for improved assessment by estimating these stocks also during the spawning sea...

Tildelt: kr 2,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2006

Sted: Vestland

BIOEVO-Evolusjonsbiologi og økologi

Causes and consequences of spatio-temporal life history variation in semi-domesticated reindeer

Density-dependent regulation of mortality in winter, and inf1uences of climatic and habitat quality on fecundity are central processes in the population dynamics of ungulates in northern environments. However, the population level consequences of such ext ernal environmental influences are moulde...

Tildelt: kr 1,8 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2008

Sted: Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku - Tromssa ja Finmarkku

BIOEVO-Evolusjonsbiologi og økologi

Cooperation during brood rearing; an assessment of the effect of kinship

Explaining the evolution and maintenance of reproductive helping and cooperation in wild animals have challenged both theoreticians and empiricist biologists. The theory of kin-selection have successfully explained the highly cooperative societies of euso cial insects, but has also provided insig...

Tildelt: kr 1,6 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2005

Sted: Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku - Tromssa ja Finmarkku

HAVKYST-Havet og kysten

Solar powered opisthobranchs - seaslugs with internal photosynthetic chloroplasts, Dr.gr.stip.

The project focuses on the functionality between photosynthetical chloroplasts found in the opisthobranch genera Elysia and Hermea (Saccoglossans). "State of the art" bio optical methods (Pulse Amplitude Modylated fluorometry, spectral absorbtion/Fluoresc ens/irradiance and HPLC) will be used to:...

Tildelt: kr 1,8 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2006

Sted: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

NORKLIMA-Klimaendringer og konsekvenser for Norge

Climate effects on dynamic biodiversity - compositional and functional changes in diversity in time and space

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Tildelt: kr 2,3 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2006

Sted: Vestland

NORKLIMA-Klimaendringer og konsekvenser for Norge

CLIMAR - Climate And Production Of Marine Resources

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Tildelt: kr 10,8 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2007

Sted: Vestland

BIOEVO-Evolusjonsbiologi og økologi

The role of heterozygosity for individual fitness and mating system evolution in birds

It has long been realized that close inbreeding can be detrimental to offspring fitness. Such inbreeding depression is caused by the increased homozygosity at loci that affect fitness. Recently, some exciting studies on birds and mammals have revealed a s imilar effect also in natural outbred pop...

Tildelt: kr 1,1 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2006

Sted: Oslo

MANGFOLD-Biologisk mangfold-dynamikk, t

LAND: Pollination interactions in ecosystems - impacts on plant reproduction, population dynamics and species composition and diversity

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Tildelt: kr 2,4 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2007

Sted: Viken

SHP-Strategiske høgskoleprogram

Landskapsøkologiske problemstillinger knyttet til erstatningsbiotoper:effekten av skjøtsel og etablering på artsdiversitet i vegkanter

Vegkanter utgjør store areal i det norske landskapet. Til vegkantene er det knyttet et stort biologisk mangfold, og de kan inneholde sjeldne og sårbare arter, særlig kulturmarksarter i tilbakegang i det moderne landskapet. For å ta vare på disse verdifull e naturområdene er det viktig at vegkante...

Tildelt: kr 3,4 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2008

Sted: Vestland

BIOFYS-Fysiologiske og anatomiske fag

Standard atlas of the brain of a model insect

We are studying how olfactory and taste information is encoded in receptor and interneurones in the brain of insects and how learning of odours is realised via synapses of neurones connecting different brain compartments. As model organisms are used moths of the subfamily Heliothinae. The methods...

Tildelt: kr 0,75 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2006

Sted: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

MANGFOLD-Biologisk mangfold-dynamikk, t

LAND: Non-native silvicultural tree species in coastal areas- Effects on landscape and biodiversity

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Tildelt: kr 1,6 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2007

Sted: Oslo

S-AFRIKA-Program for forskningsamarbeid med Sør- Afrika

Ecology of Gobies in the Benguela Ecosystem

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Tildelt: kr 0,49 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2007

Sted: Vestland

MARE-Marine ressurser,miljø og forv

A colloborative breakthrough:Molecular quantification of zooplankton feeding in complex marine ecosystems

Development of new direct methods to quantify zooplankton feeding in situ, is necessary to gain a better understanding of the trophic interactions in aquatic ecosystems. We propose to develop a potentially powerful method, based on state-of-the-art molecu lar techniques, including quantitative re...

Tildelt: kr 2,1 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2005

Sted: Vestland

S-AFRIKA-Program for forskningsamarbeid med Sør- Afrika

Behaviour and management of two important estaurine fishery species

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Tildelt: kr 0,53 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2005

Sted: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

MARE-Marine ressurser,miljø og forv

Population ecology of walruses on Svalbard

Walruses in Svalbard numbered in the hundreds of thousands before 3 centuries of over-harvesting brought the population to the verge of extinction. Today this stock is in an early phase of recovery; it consists of a few thousand animals. Little is known a bout habitat utilization, foraging areas ...

Tildelt: kr 1,5 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2005

Sted: Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku - Tromssa ja Finmarkku

HAVKYST-Havet og kysten

Marine coastal habitat typology - how to model and classify habitats

For å forvalte økosystemer, må tradisjonell artsfokus kombineres med en helhetlig, overordnet forståelse av økosystemer og kunnskap om habitater. Vi trenger derfor robuste systemer for typologisering av habitattyper. Slike systemer har ennå ikke blitt anv endt på Norskekysten. Hovedmålet med pros...

Tildelt: kr 2,6 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2006

Sted: Oslo

HAVKYST-Havet og kysten

Bowhead whales - at the edge of extinction in the Northeast Atlantic

Bowhead whales are endemic to arctic and sub-arctic regions of the Atlantic, Bering, Beaufort, Chukchi and Okhotsk Seas. They live in close association with the sea ice edge. Since the last glaciation period the distribution of bowhead whales have fluctua ted widely in concordance with climatic f...

Tildelt: kr 2,4 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2006

Sted: Oslo

HAVKYST-Havet og kysten

Diversity of apex predators and ecosystem stability:spatial dynamics of predators and forage fish in the marine pelagic ecosystem

Intensive harvesting combined with changes in ocean climate have generated large fluctuations in northern marine shelf ecosystems. The link between zooplankton and apex predators in these systems is occupied by a few key species of small pelagic schooling fish. These stocks which sustain a large...

Tildelt: kr 1,9 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2007

Sted: Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku - Tromssa ja Finmarkku

HAVKYST-Havet og kysten

Plankton climatology in North Norwegian waters - concepts, mechanisms and monitoring

In the Norwegian Sea field data during the winter demonstrates that the winter habitats of CV C. finmarchicus are basically associated with the distribution of cold deep water. The platform for this project have emerged from the MARE project “Plankton Adv ection in the Barents Sea” funded for 200...

Tildelt: kr 4,7 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2006

Sted: Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku - Tromssa ja Finmarkku

BIOBIOT-Biologi, bioteknologi, Mat. Nat.

Speciation and species recognition in lichens

Lichens result from a mutualistic symbiosis between a fungus and an alga, and as such they provide unique features. Unique to the lichens are asexual reproductive strategies that involve fungus and alga simultaneously, and in numerous cases sexual reprodu ction is rare or absent. Information is s...

Tildelt: kr 0,40 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2005

Sted: Vestland

BIOEVO-Evolusjonsbiologi og økologi

The effect of sheep grazing on alpine plant communities, species and populations: what is the importance of plant life histories?

Grazing is an important factor for plant dynamics, but it has proved difficult to generalise about grazing impact, partly because of a lack of a good mechanistic framework linking the grazing impacts on certain life stages to the dynamics of the populatio ns. A functional classification of specie...

Tildelt: kr 1,8 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2008

Sted: Oslo

BIOBIOT-Biologi, bioteknologi, Mat. Nat.

Stress and neurogenesis in rainbow trout

It is currently agreed that new neurons are added to continually growing structures and replace old and dying brain cells in adults of all major vertebrate taxa, a process known as neurogenesis. These structural processes may be highly important for behav iour, mood, and cognition in both animals...

Tildelt: kr 1,4 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2005

Sted: Oslo

SUPKUF-Strategiske univiversitetsprogrammer KUF

Strategic University Programme in Conservation Biology

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Tildelt: kr 15,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2008

Sted: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

MANGFOLD-Biologisk mangfold-dynamikk, t

VANN: Effects of a newly introduced benthic red alga on biodiversity and community structure in the coastal zone of Norway

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Tildelt: kr 2,6 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2007

Sted: Vestland

NORKLIMA-Klimaendringer og konsekvenser for Norge

Effects of climatic change on an economically important pest insect in Norwegian forest ecosystems

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Tildelt: kr 3,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2007

Sted: Viken

NORKLIMA-Klimaendringer og konsekvenser for Norge

Phenology as an indicator of climate change effects

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Tildelt: kr 10,9 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2008

Sted: Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku - Tromssa ja Finmarkku