0 antall prosjekter

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

The role of energy budget in a changing world: Are forecasts missing an important aspect for Arctic insects?

The ongoing climatic changes will have undisputable effects on biodiversity and ecosystems. For small ectotherms (e.g. insects) the current state-of-the-art focusses on physiological performances (often measured as critical thermal limits), warming tolerance (resilience) and phenotypic and evolut...

Tildelt: kr 0,12 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2024

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Breeding phenology of Svalbard snow buntings in relation to arthropod abundance

In my master thesis, I will investigate the reproductive success of a Svalbard breeding population of the snow bunting Plectrophenax nivalis in relation to food abundance. The snow bunting is the world’s northernmost breeding passerine species. Assessing how species like the snow bunting are able...

Tildelt: kr 75 999

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2024

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Shallow marine prokaryote ecosystems in the Boreal Ocean during the Permo-Triassic climate crisis and their recovery (RiS ID: 12307)

Lipid biomarker samples will be collected to reconstruct the microbial community and environmental conditions during the Late Permian mass extinction and in its aftermath with a focus on the recovery of the microbial ecosystem. The samples will complement the existing biomarker record that is con...

Tildelt: kr 0,12 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2024

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

The Heer Land overabundance of Thermal-switch surges

Glaciers around the world are losing mass at an accelerated rate (Hugonnet et al., 2021), and Svalbard experiences this even faster than the global average, largely due to its strong interaction with warm Atlantic ocean currents (Piechura and Walczowski, 2009). The latest IPCC reports present mod...

Tildelt: kr 0,11 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2024

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Snowdrift at the solar park of Isfjord Radio, RiS ID 12308

The adaptation of renewable energy in the Arctic requires knowledge of the Arctic climate's influence on energy installations such as solar panels. Therefore, snowdrift is investigated at the recently installed solar photovoltaic array at Isfjord Radio. For this, observations from a weather stati...

Tildelt: kr 77 999

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2024

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Spatio-temporal habitat use of Svalbard reindeer (RiS ID 12152)

The planned research focuses on understanding the impacts of a changing climate on the spatial dynamics of Svalbard reindeer, a key species in Svalbard’s tundra ecosystem. Climate change will likely be the primary driver of population dynamics in the future. To distinguish the complex effects of ...

Tildelt: kr 0,11 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2024

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Insulate: Belowground Biotic Insulation of Permafrost (RiS ID 12331)

Within the overarching INSULATE initiative (RiS ID 12331), the "Belowground Biotic Insulation of Permafrost" project delves into the intricate dynamics of local soil properties, seeking to unravel their profound impact on permafrost stability. This focused research addresses crucial gaps in our ...

Tildelt: kr 70 999

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2024

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

S2S : Snowfall to Surging ? The role of Snow-Firn-Ice Heat Transfer on Glacier Dynamics

Studying Svalbard's Heer Land region, our research confronts the uncertainties surrounding global glacier contributions to sea level rise, as highlighted in the 2023 IPCC report. Svalbard's unique vulnerability to climate change, positions it as an ideal study area with future implications for br...

Tildelt: kr 94 999

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2025

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Active Scattering in Sea Ice for Measuring Internal Properties

Sea ice is filled with small brine pockets because the salt is rejected by the crystal lattice during the freezing process. These brine pockets have a significant influence on several aspects of sea ice, including its bearing capacity, the remote sensing of it, as well as the amount of solar ener...

Tildelt: kr 53 999

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2024

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Geomorphology and process-interaction in previous and present climate as exemplified by Bjørndalen, Svalbard (RiS 12312)

This M.Sc. thesis project has a primary objective of mapping the geomorphology of Bjørndalen, Svalbard, to contribute to our understanding of this unique Arctic valley system. The research aims to characterize the long-term and short-term geomorphologic processes shaping the valley and analyze ho...

Tildelt: kr 54 999

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2024

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Bryophyte diversity as a driver of ecosystem functions and processes in a changing tundra, attached to the ITEX experiment, RiS ID: 10030

Studying bryophyte diversity in the high Arctic, like Svalbard, is vital due to their resilience in extreme conditions. Mosses are pioneers in colonizing newly exposed areas, offering insight into ecosystem health. They act as carbon sinks and regulate the hydrological cycle, which is crucial for...

Tildelt: kr 70 999

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2024

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Shrub Growth and Permafrost Insulation in a Warmer, Rainier Arctic - RiS ID 11968, 12016 & 12331

Air temperatures are increasing, and more precipitation is falling as rain rather than snow on Svalbard. We still know little about the role of rainfall events in the thermal stability of permafrost and growth of Svalbard plant communities. Plant growth and permafrost thaw also affect each other,...

Tildelt: kr 62 999

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2025

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Response of benthic invertebrates to the Permo-Triassic climate crisis (RiS ID 12072)

The Permo-Triassic (P/T) climate crisis caused the most catastrophic extinction in Earth’s history, with a species loss of 81-95%. Intensive volcanic activity related to the emplacement of the Siberian traps caused several environmental changes, such as an increase in temperature, ocean acidifica...

Tildelt: kr 0,12 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2024

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Ice-wedges as late Pleistocene winter paleoclimatic archives on Prins Karl Forland (RIS ID: 12313)

Apart from Greenland and Canadian Arctic ice-core records, late Pleistocene and Holocene paleoclimatic reconstructions in the northern latitudes are mainly based on proxies that record summer air temperatures. This seasonal bias has resulted in model-data mismatches, highlighting the need to reco...

Tildelt: kr 0,12 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2024

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Glacier Surface Topography Mapping for Satellite Radar Altimetry

Radar altimeter satellite missions such as CryoSat-2, Sentinel-3, and the upcoming CRISTAL are widely used for monitoring key parameters of land ice such as glacier mass balance change. The uncertainties of the data from these satellites produced over more complex ice caps and glaciers are poorly...

Tildelt: kr 96 999

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2024

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

The geomorphic signature of ancient ice shelves in Isfjorden, Spitsbergen, RiS ID12367

This research project aims to explore the historical presence of ice shelves along Isfjorden, Svalbard, and their impact on regional and global climate systems. It plans to investigate unexplored topographies that indicate to reveal the interaction between an ice shelf with an ice-free coast duri...

Tildelt: kr 57 999

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2024

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

The effect of grubbing and heavy winter rainfall on mycorrhizal mycelium production

Mycorrhizal fungi play a crucial role for both plant nitrogen uptake and ecosystem carbon dynamics and storage. Most of the stored carbon in Arctic soils could be derived from mycorrhizal mycelium rather than from plant litter. As the Arctic carbon storage is suspected to be a crucial factor for ...

Tildelt: kr 51 999

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2024

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

The role of vegetation distribution on facies architectural and sequence stratigraphic development of the Palaeocene Firkanten Formation.

The study focuses on how coastal environments control or are controlled by vegetation distribution; collectively, these are particularly sensitive to climate change, with the geomorphology and position of the shoreline being closely linked with local hydrology and associated vegetation distributi...

Tildelt: kr 63 999

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2025

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Who is where? - Unravelling the biodiversity of sympagic meiofauna in and around Svalbard

Sympagic (=ice) meiofauna is an indispensable part of a very complex food web in the Arctic, playing a crucial role for many ice-associated organisms and the whole Arctic ecosystem since sympagic meiofauna comprise primarily of larval stages of seafloor and open-water living animals. But Arctic s...

Tildelt: kr 76 999

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2024

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Calanus species complexity in the transitional fjord system Isfjorden: from cold Arctic to warm Atlantic climate.

The West Spitsbergen Current carries warm and salty Atlantic water (AW) northwards, and with high input of AW, more Calanus finmarchicus is transported to the Arctic. Isfjorden is strongly impacted by Atlantic inflow and is ice-free year-round, except the innermost part, Billefjorden, with a sha...

Tildelt: kr 0,11 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2025

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Arctic CH4 consumption responses to future vegetation regimes, RiS ID: 11990

The Arctic tundra is currently undergoing rapid changes with thawing permafrost and changing vegetation. One of the most pronounced effects among the vegetation is a shift towards taller plant communities and higher biomass, which can lead to increased evapotranspiration and drier soils. Methane ...

Tildelt: kr 79 999

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2024

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Hornsund’s and Storfjorden DOM Data Acquisition Campaign and Virtual Field Guide Development for Educational Research. RiS ID - 12339

This project aim to perform a systematic digitalization of eastern Spitsbergen coast, due to its excellent cretaceous sediments' exposures, and western Barentsøya-Edgeøya for their important HALIP exposures. Collecting these types of data from Hornsund’s and Storfjorden’s surroundings can provid...

Tildelt: kr 0,12 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2024

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

The transition from ductile to brittle deformation in pre-Devonian basement of the Billefjorden Fault Zone, Svalbard (RiS: 12317)

The Billefjorden Fault Zone (BFZ) is a N-S striking regional-scale long-lived lineament cropping out in central Spitsbergen. This lineament exposes multi-deformational evolution that initiated with ductile deformation preserved in the metamorphic basement. Following several phases of brittle def...

Tildelt: kr 0,12 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2024

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

DyNAflow: Colonisation dynamics of Arctic endemics across glacial landscapes

Warming in the Arctic is causing glacial retreat, which exposes deglaciated terrains to biotic colonisation. Ecological studies can provide insights into the local processes (microclimate, biotic interactions) driving the development of soil communities after glacier retreat. However, community d...

Tildelt: kr 0,10 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2024

Sted: Svalbard

ROMFORSK-Program for romforskning

Aurora-like fragments: From fascinating discovery to understanding

En merkelig ny type nordlys har blitt oppdaget over Svalbard. De viser seg som små flekker (deler/biter/stykker?) av grønt lys og ble observert da de dannet kjeder nært nordlys-buer. Disse ble oppkalt "fragmenterte nordlys-lignende utslipp"- eller bare "fragmenter". Vi ønsker å finne ut hva som f...

Tildelt: kr 8,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2028

Sted: Svalbard

KLIMAFORSK-Stort program klima

Climate-driven methane outgassing at terrestrial and marine-terminating glacier margins

Metanutslipp fra tilbaketrekkende arktiske isbreer har potensial til å øke betydelig i løpet av det 21. århundre. Disse utslippene vil gjøre det vanskelig å kontrollere klimagassnivåene i en kritisk periode for håndtering av klimaendringer. Prosjektet vårt vil gi viktig informasjon om hvor mye me...

Tildelt: kr 10,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2024-2026

Sted: Svalbard

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

INSULATE: How above- and belowground biotic traits shape insulation of permafrost in a warming Arctic

I Arktis finnes store områder med permafrost, som inneholder enorme mengder drivhusgasser fanget i jorda under det øvre aktive laget. I tider med klimaendringer og stadig stigende temperaturer vil disse gassene over tid slippes ut i atmosfæren. I dag har vi et stort kunnskapshull når det gjelder ...

Tildelt: kr 10,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2023-2027

Sted: Svalbard

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

GOSOUTH - Polar research sabbatical from Longyearbyen, Svalbard to Bremen, Germany

I plan to spend one year (August 2023 to July 2024) on sabbatical at the Geodynamics of the Polar Regions (GEOPOL; https://www.geopol.uni-bremen.de/) at the University of Bremen, being invited by the group leader Prof. Dr. Cornelia Spiegel-Behnke. The overall aim of the research stay is to provid...

Tildelt: kr 0,44 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2023-2024

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Digitizing Svalbard: Hopen's Digital Outcrop Model Data Acquisition Campaign and Virtual Field Guide Development for educational research

This project’s data collection campaign will focus on digitizing the outcropping rocks surrounding the island of Hopen. I plan to visit the island in the summer field season of 2023. The field assistant and I will embark on a coast guard vessel in Tromsø between Mid-June to Mid-July, heading to H...

Tildelt: kr 99 999

Prosjektperiode: 2023-2024

Sted: Svalbard

GLOBALBÆREKRAFT-Forskning for global bærekraft

JSPS stipend Yoshiko Ohashi

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Tildelt: kr 0,33 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2023-2024

Sted: Svalbard