257 prosjekter

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Predicting vegetation change through gradients in space and time

The strong warming of the Arctic threaten to completely change the biodiversity and ecosystem functions within the arctic displacing large parts of the current communities. Two apparent patterns of vegetation community change have been discovered from experimental and long term monitoring of Arct...

Tildelt: kr 51 999

Prosjektperiode: 2021-2021

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Mechanisms underlying climate-driven shifts in plant phenology and abundance and the link to population performance of a large herbivore

Climate change is rapidly altering patterns of precipitation and temperature (Van Pelt et al. 2016), causing shifts in plant phenology and resource availability for large herbivores (Bjorkman et al. 2020). In the Arctic, weather patterns are increasingly characteristic of earlier springs and dela...

Tildelt: kr 69 999

Prosjektperiode: 2021-2021

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Interactive Field Experiences with an Augmented Smart Table (IFEAST), RiS ID 11596

IFEAST will create a dynamic and user-proof presentation device for researchers, students and others to create interactive field experiences with an augmented smart table. New photogrammetry data will be used to create digital outrop models and 360 degree images of important geoscientific sites. ...

Tildelt: kr 49 999

Prosjektperiode: 2021-2021

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Sedimentary facies analysis and architecture of alluvial fan systems within rift basin, Billefjorden Trough, Svalbard

A field campaign in summer 2021 aiming at collection of data which will result in sedimentary logs, geological sketches, measurements of orientation of bedding and records of paleo-transport indicators from three different study sites: in the area of Petuniabukta, Pyramiden and Lykteneset. Additi...

Tildelt: kr 77 999

Prosjektperiode: 2021-2021

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Seasonality of microbial eukaryotes in the seasonally ice-covered arctic fjord Billefjorden, RiS ID 11636

Microbial eukaryotes or single-celled protists are organisms that play a fundamental role in energy flow and the cycling of elements in the marine ecosystem. Protist communities in the Arctic are highly seasonal. Despite the abundance and importance of pico- and nano- sized eukaryotes, most prot...

Tildelt: kr 96 999

Prosjektperiode: 2021-2021

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Temporal variability of thermomechanical effects on fast ice covers in the arctic RiS number: 11658

The objective of this project is to study thermomechanical and tidal effects in fast ice. This research can be applied to understanding loading on coastal and marine structures. There is a desire to deepen the understanding on temporal variability on effects. Temporal variability of effects is ca...

Tildelt: kr 29 999

Prosjektperiode: 2021-2021

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Emerging Pollutants in north – western Spitsbergen Snow: concentration distribution, sources, and transport processes

After the recent report on Chemicals of emerging Arctic concern (CEACs) by the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP 2017), the recent focus of international Arctic pollution research is turned towards the fate elucidation of CEACs in many Arctic countries. Recently, AMAP published a pri...

Tildelt: kr 74 999

Prosjektperiode: 2021-2021

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Investigating the impact of mechanical stratigraphy on fracture network connectedness (RIS ID: 11585)

This project aims to investigate the presence and distribution of rock fracturing in surface outcrop of the reservoir formations of the Longyearbyen CO2 Lab. By studying the fracturing directly in this rock we will gain insight into two key scientific questions: 1) How are the tectonic processes...

Tildelt: kr 59 999

Prosjektperiode: 2021-2021

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Channelling in Adventdalen, RiS ID 11606

This study investigates the wind climate in Adventdalen and Adventfjorden by identifying connections between the above-valley (large-scale) wind and the within-valley wind, both on a climatological scale and for detailed case studies. For the climatological approach, the combined wind density dis...

Tildelt: kr 24 999

Prosjektperiode: 2021-2021

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Automotive Lidar based EXploration of glacIer Caves, RiS ID 11600

The goal of ALEXIC is to thoroughly test our newly developed sensor box including the automotive lidar Ouster OS1-64 in an Arctic environment in order to assess the potential of recently emerging automotive lidar technology for several geophysical applications in the Arctic. We want to investigat...

Tildelt: kr 62 999

Prosjektperiode: 2021-2021

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Annual and regional distribution of Pseudocalanus spp. in the Svalbard-Barents Sea region

This project will collect monthly zooplankton samples in Billefjorden at three different depths of the water column. The Pseudocalanus species are small size copepods compared to the Calanus genus, but still very large in abundance. Hence, very important. Samples will be analyzed in order to lear...

Tildelt: kr 79 999

Prosjektperiode: 2021-2021

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Mapping and dating Holocene advances of Nansenbreen on Erdmannflya, Svalbard RiS ID 11556

A complex of paleo-glacial moraines located on the northern part of Erdmannflya (Svalbard) was formed by Nansenbreen, a surging glacier located to the north-west. The data provided by this moraine complex can be linked to the stratigraphy of the immediately adjacent lake, Straumsjøen, which is th...

Tildelt: kr 59 999

Prosjektperiode: 2021-2021

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Investigation of the spatio-temporal variability of winds in Isfjorden, RiS 11609

Vertical wind profiles will be collected utilizing a light detection and ranging (LIDAR) instrument. The LIDAR will be mounted onboard different research and commercial vessels sailing in Isfjorden. This will allow to investigate the temporal and spatial variability of winds within the marine bou...

Tildelt: kr 49 999

Prosjektperiode: 2021-2021

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Gas hydrate stability and geology linked with the occurrence of flares and pockmarks in the Svalbard fjords

While natural gas hydrates (NGH) in the off-shore provinces of Vestnesa Ridge on the continental slope west of Svalbard and Prinz Karl Forland are extensively studied, near-shore NGH potential in Svalbard fjords is poorly constrained. It is crucial to understand and estimate the presence of near-...

Tildelt: kr 79 999

Prosjektperiode: 2021-2021

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Temporal and spatial variation of the benthic microbial community in the Adventelva Delta, RiS ID 11595

The climate is changing more rapidly in the Arctic than in most areas of the planet. The combination of thawing permafrost, melting glaciers, and changes in patterns of precipitation and vegetation are causing increased inputs of freshwater with organic material, sediments, and nutrients from ter...

Tildelt: kr 79 999

Prosjektperiode: 2021-2021

Sted: Svalbard

GRØNNPLATTFORM-Grønn plattform

Hybride energisystemer på Svalbard og off-grid lokasjoner med "arktiske" utfordringer - Et fornybart alternativ til diesel og kull

Hovedformålet med forprosjektet er å definere et Grønn plattform hovedprosjekt knyttet til hybride energianlegg (energianlegg bestående av ulike teknologier for energiproduksjon og -lagring) på off-grid lokasjoner på Svalbard og andre lokasjoner med arktiske utfordringer. Store Norske, sammen med...

Tildelt: kr 0,30 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2021-2021

Sted: Svalbard

FORREGION-Forskningsbasert innovasjon i regionene

Framsteg Longyearbyen

Longyearbysamfunnet er veldig omstillingsdyktig, men nå står vi ovenfor en enormt vanskelig tid. Korona har rammet reiselivet ekstremt hardt i Longyearbyen. Det er nå ekstremt viktig at vi klarer å opprettholde reiselivsnæringen, tilrettelegge for fremtidens reiseliv, og sikre et bærekraftig næri...

Tildelt: kr 3,9 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2021-2023

Sted: Svalbard

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

Ground penetrating radar and 3D model acquisition of the Wilhelmøya Subgroup in Eastern Spitsbergen

This project is intended to expand the usage of outcrop digitalisation techniques to compliment contemporary field studies. The acquisition of a GPR survey of the Wilhelmøya Subgroup at Friedrichfjellet in Agardhdalen, will result in a 1.5 km2 state-of-the-art 3D GPR dataset that can be integrate...

Tildelt: kr 83 999

Prosjektperiode: 2020-2022

Sted: Svalbard

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

3D modelling and interpretation of channels in the Aspelintoppen Formation, Spitsbergen, Svalbard, a facies analysis

This master thesis project aims to create further detailed information of Aspelintoppen Formation, the youngest formation in the Central Tertiary Basin on Spitsbergen, Svalbard, a foreland basin created during the West Spitsbergen Orogeny. The formation is little understood so far, as underlying ...

Tildelt: kr 25 999

Prosjektperiode: 2020-2021

Sted: Svalbard

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

Glacial Loss and Methane Release from Catchments near Kongsfjorden

Vast amounts of methane, a potent greenhouse gas (GHG), are stored in subsurface sediments in the Arctic. The estimated size of these reservoirs varies greatly between studies, but it is widely agreed that a release of even a small fraction could contribute significantly to global GHG concentrati...

Tildelt: kr 90 999

Prosjektperiode: 2020-2020

Sted: Svalbard

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

Neoglacial plateau ice cap behaviour in central Spitsbergen constrained by subglacially preserved vegetation

Concerns about ice retreat and warming climate are gaining importance and tentative modelling of the future is becoming essential. There is then a growing need for studying palaeo-analogues of existing ice bodies in order to better constrain models of future cryospheric response with real data. ...

Tildelt: kr 16 999

Prosjektperiode: 2020-2021

Sted: Svalbard

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

Svalbard biodiversity hotspots: origin, current connectivity, and future importance as source of colonization and genetic diversity

Biodiversity hotspots or arctic oases provide an excellent study system for evolutionary responses to climate change. Such hotspots harbour rare thermophilic survivors from earlier warmer climatic conditions (Alsos et al. 2015) that potentially can expand again under future climate change. Hotspo...

Tildelt: kr 59 999

Prosjektperiode: 2020-2020

Sted: Svalbard

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

Svalbard Sand Volcano (SvSV)

The UNIS CO2 Lab (http://co2-ccs.unis.no/) operates the Longyearbyen CO2 Lab (LYB CO2 Lab) in Svalbard. As part of this carbon capture and storage (CCS) pilot programme, several boreholes were drilled in Adventdalen to assess the targeted reservoir and caprock (Braathen et al., 2012; Olaussen et ...

Tildelt: kr 53 999

Prosjektperiode: 2020-2021

Sted: Svalbard

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

Mapping and dating Holocene advances of Nansenbreen on Erdmannflya, Svalbard

This project is a part of a larger project conducted by Furze and collaborators. Erdmannflya is a peninsula located on the northern coast of Isfjorden, Svalbard. A complex of paleo-glacial moraines located on the northern part of Erdmannflya was formed by Nansenbreen, a surging glacier located to...

Tildelt: kr 20 999

Prosjektperiode: 2020-2020

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Ecology of Eukaryotic rhodopsins in a seasonal, diurnal and latitudinal perspective

The Arctic is characterized by extreme annual variations in light; from complete darkness in winter to 24 hours of sunlight in summer. Arctic marine organisms are adapted to this light regime, but are currently being challenged by multiple climate-related changes. The success of these organisms d...

Tildelt: kr 79 999

Prosjektperiode: 2020-2021

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Ecology of eukaryotic photosynthesis genes in a seasonal, diurnal and latitudinal perspective

The Arctic is characterized by extreme annual variations in light; from complete darkness in winter to 24 hours of sunlight in summer. Arctic marine organisms are adapted to this light regime but are currently being challenged by multiple climate-related changes. Increased inflow of warm Atlantic...

Tildelt: kr 74 999

Prosjektperiode: 2020-2021

Sted: Svalbard

INTPART-International Partnerships for Excellent Education and Research

Magnetic pulsations and transients: the Sun-Earth connection and impact on the high latitude ionosphere

Solen har stor innvirkning på det nære verdensrom. Mekanismene som overfører energi fra sola til jorda er svært komplekse. Jordens magnetfelt danner en magnetosfære som skjermer jorda fra høyenergetiske partikler fra solvinden. I polområdene kan jordas magnetfelt kobles til det interplanetare mag...

Tildelt: kr 2,1 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2020-2025

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Harmonizing Environmental Research and Monitoring of Priority Pollutants in the Svalbard Atmosphere

Pristine Arctic ecosystems are one of the most fragile and fast responding to global environmental changes, thus representing a promising "natural laboratory" for studies on global changes. Most monitoring programs and scientific studies focus on already known contaminants like polychlorinated bi...

Tildelt: kr 0,50 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2020-2022

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Climate change induced shifts in sea ice algae nutrient content: species, community and trophic implications.

Climate change is the major threat affecting Arctic ecosystems, with trends toward increased sea surface temperatures and declining sea ice noted over the past three decades (NOAA, 2018). Sea ice microalgae form an important part of the Arctic food web, contributing up to 50% of primary productio...

Tildelt: kr 68 999

Prosjektperiode: 2020-2021

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

The role of vegetation composition in regulation of soil temperature

This fieldwork will compare the insulation capabilities of moss-dominated communities with vascular-plant dominated communities in Svalbard. It is expected that soil temperatures under moss will be lower, due to better insulation efficiency. Lower temperatures promote thicker permafrost. The acti...

Tildelt: kr 49 999

Prosjektperiode: 2020-2020

Sted: Svalbard