0 antall prosjekter

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

Ocean Acidification in the Arctic: effects of ice

CARSIC will develop basic knowledge through studies related to process understanding of Arctic Ocean biogeochemistry and ocean acidification: aiming to estimate future carbonate system parameters state in the Arctic Ocean. We plan to work on a database, perform field studies in Svalbard, and ma...

Tildelt: kr 0,79 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2016

Sted: Oslo

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

FREMONEC: Effect of climate change and related stressors on fresh and brackish water ecosystems in Svalbard

The Russian-Norwegian collaboration project FREMONEC aims to strengthen the cooperation between Norway and Russia on polar research in Svalbard. It will serve as a positive example for a network building in thematic areas relevant for both countries: impa cts of climate change, biodiversity and e...

Tildelt: kr 0,90 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2016

Sted: Oslo

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

Bjerknes Compensation Mechanism: Historical perspective, geographical pattern, and Arctic multi-decadal predictability

Long runs (hundreds of years) of the global climate models and high-resolution climate proxy data sets provide an opportunity to study multi-decadal natural variability of the coupled atmospheric and oceanic circulation. The Nordic seas and the Arctic are regions were such a natural variability ...

Tildelt: kr 0,50 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2016

Sted: Vestland

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

Spatial and temporal variability in sea ice and primary production dynamics of the Arctic Ocean

Biological production starts with photosynthesis, energy from the sun captured by plants and converted to carbohydrates. In the oceans, microscopic algae make up most of this production, they are the primary producers. With the extreme seasonality of the physical environment of the Arctic, parti...

Tildelt: kr 1,00 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2016

Sted: Troms - Romsa - Tromssa

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

The CRYO-FImBack workshop - Atmospheric forcing and surface energy balance - impacts and feedbacks on the Arctic terrestrial cryosphere

Glaciers and permafrost are the two major components of the terrestrial cryosphere, which will be strongly affected by the changing climate system. A warming climate will change ground temperatures or the glacier mass balance, with important consequences, e.g. release of methane from thawing per...

Tildelt: kr 0,20 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2013

Sted: Oslo

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

The Permian Strata of Svalbard (Support for event)

Several international research groups have been independently working on various geological issues connected to the Permian Strata of Svalbard in recent years. "The Permian Strata of Svalbard" is an international, multidisciplinary workshop intended to br ing together these diverse scientists and...

Tildelt: kr 0,13 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2013

Sted: Troms - Romsa - Tromssa

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Tectono-sedimentary analysis of growth faults development, Billefjorden Trough. RiS ID 6045

During a summer field season 2013 I would like to investigate the growth faults and their impact into sedimentary facies distribution in the Billefjorden Trough, Svalbard. Two case areas will be examined: (1) the Løvehovden fault in Ebbadalen and Ragnarda len and (2) Odellfjellet and Balliolbreen...

Tildelt: kr 28 415

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2014

Sted: Svalbard

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

Reconstruction of Environmental Histories Using Long-Lived Bivalve Shells in the Norwegian Arctic (RELIC)

Analysis of accreted calcium carbonate parts of marine animals has proven useful as a tool in reconstruction of marine environmental histories. In particular, the shells of long-lived bivalve molluscs have provided insight into recent and prehistoric clim atic conditions of tropical and temperate...

Tildelt: kr 1,1 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2016

Sted: Troms - Romsa - Tromssa

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

Plant biomass studies in the Arctic (ArcticBiomass)

The main purpose is to establish a joint American-Norwegian research team dealing with research on the combination of field and satellite remote sensing based above-ground plant biomass, vegetation productivity and growing season mapping in northern Alask a and in Svalbard, as well as on a circum...

Tildelt: kr 1,1 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2016

Sted: Troms - Romsa - Tromssa

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Microbial eukaryotes in an arctic marine ecosystem: who are they, where are they and how do they interact with their environment?

Arctic ecosystems are changing, and the urgency to understand the biodiversity and functional links of todays? ecosystems is apparent. The freshening of the Arctic Ocean has already led to a shift in the microbial communities, potentially altering the who le arctic food web from microbes to whale...

Tildelt: kr 38 999

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2013

Sted: Svalbard

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

GPR survey of Botneheia, from outcrop to simulator, RiS ID 6048

I plan to conduct a 3D ground-penetrating radar survey at Botneheia in order to address critical issues regarding reservoir connectivity within the CO2 storage aquifer of the Kapp Toscana Group. The work involves a spring and short summer campaign for gro und truthing, and utilises equipment alre...

Tildelt: kr 39 999

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2013

Sted: Vestland

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Epiphytic Diatoms from the Arctic Coasts, RIS ID 6175

Diatoms are important biotic elements of Arctic marine ecosystem, significantly influencing the dynamics of primary production, nutrient cycling, carbon transport, oxygen flow and its activity, and all trophic processes. It is therefore imperative for the sake of the future of Arctic marine ecos...

Tildelt: kr 47 999

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2013

Sted: Svalbard

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Long-term recovery rates of grazed Svalbard flora. RiS ID 6190

A warming climate, changes in agricultural land use and conservation measures in North America and Europe has led to a significant increase in goose populations and presence of migratory geese in the circumpolar arctic in the past 50 years. The continued monitoring of these populations and their...

Tildelt: kr 49 999

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2014

Sted: Troms - Romsa - Tromssa

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Ecological and evolutionary constraints of prokaryotic microbial biodiversity in terrestrial and lake ecosystems of Svalbard, RiS 6206

The diversity of polar (cyano)bacteria has not been well explored until now. In contrast to vascular plants and animals, little is known about the biodiversity, biogeography and evolutionary history of prokaryotic microbial organisms. The traditional vi ew is that historical factors are of litt...

Tildelt: kr 47 999

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2014

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Effect of season length and temperature on date of senescence in various arctic plant species subject to changes in snow-depth RIS ID - 6208

I will be conducting long-term monitoring of the effects of temperature and season length on senescence in various arctic plants subjected to changes in snow-depth in Adventdalen, Svalbard.

Tildelt: kr 13 374

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2014

Sted: Troms - Romsa - Tromssa

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Acoustic methods in detection and analyzing of calving events at the Hans Glacier front, RiS ID: 6133

My project is based on the hypothesis that characteristics of the acoustic signals recorded in the Arctic fjord provide valuable information about the dynamics of surrounding tidewater glaciers. In the summer of 2013, during a 3-months experiment, two aut onomous, hydroacoustic buoys will be depl...

Tildelt: kr 46 874

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2014

Sted: Oslo

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Epiphytic diatoms from the Arctic coasts: ecology, taxonomy and biogeography, RIS ID 6207

Diatoms are important biotic elements of Arctic marine ecosystem, significantly influencing the dynamics of primary production, nutrient cycling, carbon transport, oxygen flow and its activity, and all trophic processes. It is therefore imperative for the sake of the future of Arctic marine ecos...

Tildelt: kr 49 999

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2013

Sted: Svalbard

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Photogrammetric investigations of calving activity and flow rate on Kronebreen, Svalbard (RiS ID 6162)

The proposed research is part of the CRIOS (Calving Rates and Impact on Sea Level) project which aims to apply optimised observational techniques for monitoring glacier motion and dynamics, as input for improved models of calving glacier dynamics. The pre sent study focuses on Kronebreen. Stereos...

Tildelt: kr 18 999

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2013

Sted: Svalbard

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Mapping wintering areas and metal concentrations of Arctic seabirds

The main objective of my MSc thesis is to investigate whether migration strategies and wintering areas affect metal concentrations and compositions in Arctic seabirds, i.e. in common eiders, arctic skuas and long-tailed skuas. On the indivdual level, I wi ll also test whether migratory consistenc...

Tildelt: kr 68 999

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2013

Sted: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Estimating energy expenditure in free-living Kittiwakes using DLW and accelerometers, RIS ID 3828

Energy expenditure in free-living kittiwakes in Kongsfjorden , Svalbard, has been estimated by doubly labeled water method (DLW) during 9 years since 1998. This is the longest available dataset for any free-living bird species. Long-term datasets are espe cially important in rapidly changing envi...

Tildelt: kr 74 999

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2013

Sted: Troms - Romsa - Tromssa

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Tephrochronology of the North Atlantic region during Early Holocene, RiS:5842(under project: Holocene environmental change of Svalbard

Tephra studies from Svalbard is so far sparse but tephra has been identified in both ice cores and in lake sediments reflecting the area's potential. I would like to add an additional site to my PhD project. My PhD project focuses to create an early Holo cene (11.700 to 8000 cal yr BP) tephrochr...

Tildelt: kr 31 226

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2014

Sted: Svalbard

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Population genetics of Silene acaulis in the High Arctic , RiS ID 6166

Although temperature seems to be the overriding driving factor of population genetics in the Arctic, local factors like edaphic conditions and competition, are also influencing. In addition, the stochasticity related to environmental variables is expected to affect several demographic traits of ...

Tildelt: kr 62 999

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2013

Sted: Oslo

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Spatiotemporal changes in vegetation following range expansion in Svalbard reindeer

In 1978, Svalbard reindeer (Rangifer tarundus platyrhynchus) were re-introduced by humans to the Ny-Ålesund area following ca 100 yrs of absence due to excessive hunting. The population irrupted and gradually expanded its range to include other areas such as Sarsøyra and Kaffiøyra. This natural ...

Tildelt: kr 20 999

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2013

Sted: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Adult sex ratio variation of Svalbard reindeer in relation to animal density and climate, RIS ID: 6169.

In this study I will estimate adult sex ratio in Svalbard reindeer and examine to what degree the variation can be explained by environmental conditions, i.e. weather and food availability. To obtain this, I will analyze spatiotemporal variation in sex ra tios from long-term monitoring data of mu...

Tildelt: kr 39 999

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2015

Sted: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

Timing of ecological processes in Spitsbergen fjords - SpitsEco

Through the ARCTOS network (http://www.arctosresearch.net/), Norwegian and Russian scientist has developed a successful long lasting collaboration. Russian scientists and PhD students has participated in a number of projects such as PanAME (IPY project 26 ), Cleopatra (NFR funded 2007-2011), and ...

Tildelt: kr 0,90 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2018

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Is the reproduction strategy of Calanus glacialis determined by the stored fat resources of individuals?

The project will focus on the fatty acid composition and lipid sac size of both male and female Calanus glacialis from october to may, and put it in context with the energy consumption for gonad development/egg production, the energy consumption of the ma le who cannot eat, and to see if females ...

Tildelt: kr 31 929

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2014

Sted: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Do OHCs affect thyroid hormone levels in glaucous gulls (Larus hyperboreus) breeding in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard? RIS ID 5267

Sampling of the birds will take place in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard, with base in Ny-Ålesund on the west coast of Spitsbergen, during June 2013, presumably five weeks. Capturing of 20-30 individuals will be carried out using trigger nest traps that will captu re the birds by its legs when it flies of...

Tildelt: kr 32 220

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2014

Sted: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Estimating uncertainties and sources of error in population monitoring of the Svalbard reindeer (Rangifer tarandus platyrhynchus)RiS : 6188

Monitoring population dynamics of wild ungulates relies on accurate estimates of population size and vital rates. However, errors in population monitoring methods can be numerous (e.g. lack of repeated measurement, sampling time period, observer bias etc .) and in most studies they are not inves...

Tildelt: kr 42 999

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2014

Sted: Troms - Romsa - Tromssa

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Field validation of metal-induced co-selection for antibiotic resistance in bacterial communities from pristine environments

This project will investigate metal-induced co-selection of antibiotic resistance in soils with no exposure to human use of antibiotics. By analysing resistance patterns in soil samples exposed to a range of metals, it is wished to gain the ability to tel l if co-selection is a modern phenomenon....

Tildelt: kr 10 260

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2014

Sted: Svalbard

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Life history traits of copepods in a changing Arctic (RiS ID 6168)

Zooplankton communities of northern higher latitudes are dominated by large calanoid copepods of the genus Calanus spp. They are well adapted to the environment in which they live, making them indicators of factors that influence the health and productivi ty of marine ecosystems. Calanus spp. are...

Tildelt: kr 34 999

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2013

Sted: Svalbard