41 709 antall prosjekter

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Calving and Surging Glaciers: Observations, Modelling, Predictions

Calving and surging are both complex dynamic phenomena that exert strong controls of the flux of ice into the oceans. Calving - the breakaway of icebergs from glaciers into the sea - accounts for a large proportion of ice flux from Arctic glaciers and the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets, and ...

Tildelt: kr 0,17 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2014-2015

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Holocene environmental change of Svalbard

We will analyse the Holocene environmental history in Kongsfjorden since deglaciation. At least three Ny-Ålesund flagships have identified the need for long-term climate records. Up to date no integrated temperature, precipitation or glacial variability r ecord exists for the entire Holocene for ...

Tildelt: kr 0,40 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2014-2015

Sted: Svalbard

BIA-Brukerstyrt innovasjonsarena

Nye produkter og videreforedlingsprosesser fra kullforekomstene på Svalbard

Store Norske er hjørnesteinsbedriften på Svalbard og den viktigste bidragsyteren til et robust familiesamfunn i Longyearbyen. For å sikre arbeidsplassene på Svalbard må Store Norske være en pådriver for nye inntektsmuligheter i kulldriften som er vår kje rnevirksomhet. Vårt prosjekt vil gjøre e...

Tildelt: kr 1,4 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2014-2016

Sted: Svalbard

ENERGIX-Stort program energi

Miljøvennlig energiløsning for Svalbard - utnyttelse av geotermisk energi

Er det mulig å erstatte dagens fossile energi med geotermisk energi for Svalbard? Store Norske Spitsbergen Grubekompani, Norges største kullselskap, leder dette forskningsprosjektet som skal prøve å finne svar på om geotermisk energi kan utnyttes til oppvarmingsformål og kraftproduksjon for Svalb...

Tildelt: kr 1,3 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2014-2016

Sted: Svalbard

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

Big Black Box:

Our knowledge on polar night ecology is poor. Most Arctic studies are conducted during the light season from spring to autumn when field work is convenient. The dark Arctic winter, however, may last up to eight or nine months depending on the snow depth a nd sea ice cover. The ecological and phys...

Tildelt: kr 0,75 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2016

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Workshop to develop and explore new approaches to analysing past, present and future climate dynamics

Observed 20th century global-mean surface temperature reflects the combined influences of natural climate variations and anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases, sulfate aerosols, and land-use changes. A technique used extensively by the Intergovernme ntal Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in it...

Tildelt: kr 0,17 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2015

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Hydrogeological characterization of permafrost thickness variability using a variety of geophysical tools in Adventdalen, Svalbard

This project has as the main objective to obtain a data set of permafrost thickness variability which is the main control on the permeability architecture of the sedimentary aquifer in the Adventstalen, Svalbard. To this end we will use hydrogeophysical c haracterisation techniques that have not ...

Tildelt: kr 0,28 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2015

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Tectono-sedimentary analysis of growth faults development, Billefjorden Trough. RiS ID 6045

During a summer field season 2013 I would like to investigate the growth faults and their impact into sedimentary facies distribution in the Billefjorden Trough, Svalbard. Two case areas will be examined: (1) the Løvehovden fault in Ebbadalen and Ragnarda len and (2) Odellfjellet and Balliolbreen...

Tildelt: kr 28 415

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2014

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Improving understanding of the last deglaciation of the Barents Sea Ice Sheet and its effects on glacioisostatic rebound history in Svalbard

Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) ice thickness, and the resulting ice flow pattern, is inferred mainly from dated raised beaches, and more recently also from the cosmogenic nuclide dating of bedrock in various parts of the Svalbard Archipelago. Recent marine ge ological/geophysical investigations have ...

Tildelt: kr 0,25 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2015

Sted: Svalbard

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Microbial eukaryotes in an arctic marine ecosystem: who are they, where are they and how do they interact with their environment?

Arctic ecosystems are changing, and the urgency to understand the biodiversity and functional links of todays? ecosystems is apparent. The freshening of the Arctic Ocean has already led to a shift in the microbial communities, potentially altering the who le arctic food web from microbes to whale...

Tildelt: kr 38 999

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2013

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

The magnetic fabrics of surge type glaciers in Svalbard

This project involves the novel application of anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) to examine deformation within glacier ice. Preliminary results have demonstrated that AMS can provide reliable and useful fabric data from glacier basal ice, reveal ing new information about glacial strain....

Tildelt: kr 13 842

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2014

Sted: Svalbard

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Epiphytic Diatoms from the Arctic Coasts, RIS ID 6175

Diatoms are important biotic elements of Arctic marine ecosystem, significantly influencing the dynamics of primary production, nutrient cycling, carbon transport, oxygen flow and its activity, and all trophic processes. It is therefore imperative for the sake of the future of Arctic marine ecos...

Tildelt: kr 47 999

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2013

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Microbial biogeography around Svalbard MicroFUN project RiS: 6167 Umbrella project RiS: 6165

We will sample microbial eukaryotes from a diverse array of marine environments around Svalbard. The main sampling will be performed during the planned cruise south and east of Spitsbergen in July 2013 (RIS ID 6165) and during the AB202 field cruise west and north of Svalbard in August 2013. The...

Tildelt: kr 40 099

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2014

Sted: Svalbard

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Ecological and evolutionary constraints of prokaryotic microbial biodiversity in terrestrial and lake ecosystems of Svalbard, RiS 6206

The diversity of polar (cyano)bacteria has not been well explored until now. In contrast to vascular plants and animals, little is known about the biodiversity, biogeography and evolutionary history of prokaryotic microbial organisms. The traditional vi ew is that historical factors are of litt...

Tildelt: kr 47 999

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2014

Sted: Svalbard

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Epiphytic diatoms from the Arctic coasts: ecology, taxonomy and biogeography, RIS ID 6207

Diatoms are important biotic elements of Arctic marine ecosystem, significantly influencing the dynamics of primary production, nutrient cycling, carbon transport, oxygen flow and its activity, and all trophic processes. It is therefore imperative for the sake of the future of Arctic marine ecos...

Tildelt: kr 49 999

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2013

Sted: Svalbard

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Photogrammetric investigations of calving activity and flow rate on Kronebreen, Svalbard (RiS ID 6162)

The proposed research is part of the CRIOS (Calving Rates and Impact on Sea Level) project which aims to apply optimised observational techniques for monitoring glacier motion and dynamics, as input for improved models of calving glacier dynamics. The pre sent study focuses on Kronebreen. Stereos...

Tildelt: kr 18 999

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2013

Sted: Svalbard

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

Timing of ecological processes in Spitsbergen fjords - SpitsEco

Through the ARCTOS network (http://www.arctosresearch.net/), Norwegian and Russian scientist has developed a successful long lasting collaboration. Russian scientists and PhD students has participated in a number of projects such as PanAME (IPY project 26 ), Cleopatra (NFR funded 2007-2011), and ...

Tildelt: kr 0,90 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2018

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

The interaction of periglacial and karst features as seen at a small lake system at Linnédalen, west central Spitsbergen

The purpose of this project is field work for a master's thesis dedicated to investigating the dynamics occurring due to the interaction and related development of permafrost, periglacial and karst features. This unique pairing is encountered at Linnédale n, west-central Spitsbergen. Here, a set ...

Tildelt: kr 29 419

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2014

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Influence of ground topography and wind on snow distribution and stability in High Arctic Svalbard

This project investigates the relationship between ground topography and snowpack distribution / stability as the snowpack develops throughout the Longyearbyen region. This area provides an ideal site for this project for multiple reasons including the mo untainous wind swept landscape, unique sn...

Tildelt: kr 8 459

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2014

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Tephrochronology of the North Atlantic region during Early Holocene, RiS:5842(under project: Holocene environmental change of Svalbard

Tephra studies from Svalbard is so far sparse but tephra has been identified in both ice cores and in lake sediments reflecting the area's potential. I would like to add an additional site to my PhD project. My PhD project focuses to create an early Holo cene (11.700 to 8000 cal yr BP) tephrochr...

Tildelt: kr 31 226

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2014

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Demography of geographical range limits of tundra plants in a changing climate, RiS ID 6174

This project will add to an existing study of the geographical ranges limits of a key climate indicator species, the tundra cushion plant Silene acaulis, across its latitudinal range in Europe. Existing sites from Sweden to Spain reach the southern range limit of the species, but adding sites i...

Tildelt: kr 21 505

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2014

Sted: Svalbard

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Fungi-plant interaction: how can this affect sexual plant reproduction and population genetics? RIS ID 5009

The main aim of the project is to study spatial variation in fungal diversity, and its relation with biotic and abiotic factor. A special focus will be given to study the effect of fungi-plant interaction and the investment in asexual versus sexual plant reproduction by using B. vivipara as mode...

Tildelt: kr 41 999

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2013

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Meroplankton seasonality in trophic interactions, RIS 5264 (umbrella project)

Many benthic organisms have planktonic life-stages (meroplankton). Meroplankton exhibit strong seasonality and can be quite numerous during peak occurrence. Relatively little is known about their dynamics and food requirements, even though they might have considerable impact both as grazers and ...

Tildelt: kr 29 689

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2014

Sted: Svalbard

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Spatial distribution of snow cover and drainage systems on the glaciers on Wedel Jarlsberg Land; RiS ID: 6158

The proposed project is focused on processes of development of the snow cover melting simultaneously on various glaciers on Wedel Jarlsberg Land and consequences to internal feeding and meltwater runoff and development of drainage systems. Fieldwork (sepa rated in spring and late autumn campaigns...

Tildelt: kr 59 999

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2014

Sted: Svalbard

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Identification of bivalve larvae from a time series study in Adventfjorden, Svalbard, using molecular tools.

Bivalvia have planktonic life-stages (meroplanktonic larvae). Several of them exhibit strong seasonality and can be quite numerous during peak occurrence. Bivalvia larvae are especially difficult to identify, since they exhibit very few or very small morp hological differences before they settle ...

Tildelt: kr 34 999

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2014

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Investigation of Crevasse Evolution, Calving Occurrence, and Links to Damage (ICECOLD), RiS ID 6155

Iceberg calving is an important component of glacier mass loss and indirectly contributes to sea level rise. A new iceberg calving law was recently proposed based on damage mechanics, a promising new theory that could greatly improve the ability of ice s heet models to predict the response of gl...

Tildelt: kr 20 059

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2014

Sted: Svalbard

POLARPROG-Polarforskningsprogram

Fate of COPePod secondarY production in a chancing Arctic

A warmer climate with less extensive ice cover will lead to higher total primary production in the Arctic, which has the potential to increase the overall secondary production. Altered climate conditions will also affect timing of primary production, with consequences for the grazers of marine e...

Tildelt: kr 0,90 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2016

Sted: Svalbard

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Offshore gas / fluid seeps in Svalbard, RIS: 6112

Pockmark have been reported from several fjords in Svalbard, which are indicators of focused fluid flow in marine and lacustrine environments. Methane emissions from pockmarks, associated with the venting of gas from deep thermogenic sources, potentially unstable gas hydrates or thawing permafro...

Tildelt: kr 72 999

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2013

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Glacier surges: controls, processes and distribution

This project will use an approach combining remote sensing, fieldwork and modeling to re-define glacier surging, assess the current state of the world's surge-type glaciers, and ultimately develop a single model of a glacier surge. Remote sensing analyses will provide data to build a global data...

Tildelt: kr 2 034

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2014

Sted: Svalbard

SSF-Svalbard Science Forum

Permafrost and sedimentary history of a high-arctic valley: Adventdalen, Spitsbergen, RiS ID: 6176

This project will develop an environmental reconstruction of the permafrost and sedimentary history of the sediments in Adventdalen. This will be determined using cryostratigraphic and sedimentary evidence obtained from a 60 m permafrost core in conjunct ion with local climate, sea level variati...

Tildelt: kr 9 954

Prosjektperiode: 2013-2014

Sted: Svalbard