5 278 prosjekter

SAMF-Fagkomiteen for samfunnsvitenskap

Demand, unemployment and inflation

Our project consists of three sub-project. In sub-project 1, Aggregate demand and persistent unemployment, we will explore the reasons for persistent high unemployment in Europe. The dominating view is that this is caused solely by institutional factors, while an alternative view is that persiste...

Tildelt: kr 2,1 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2011

Sted: Oslo

STORFORSK-Store forskerinitierte prosjekter

Adipose Stem Cells: Molecular Basis of Pluripotency

Stem cells reside in many adult tissues and are responsible for maintaining tissue homeostasis. Adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) display sufficient plasticity to differentiate into cell types outside their predicted developmental linea ge. This might create opportunities for a...

Tildelt: kr 18,5 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2011

Sted: Oslo

ELSA-Etiske,rettslige og samf.m. as

The moral status of human embryos with special regard to stem cell research and therapy

This is a multidisciplinary project with contributions from biology, medicine, philosophy and theology. The background for the project are the developments going on within the fields of basic and clinical research on and clinical use of human stem cells. These new biotechnological possibilities h...

Tildelt: kr 2,7 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2010

Sted: Oslo

SIP-Strategiske instituttprogram

Innenrikspolitikkens internasjonalisering. Politikkutforming i møtet mellom folkevalgte, forvaltning og organiserte interesser

Svekkelsen av det tradisjonelle skillet mellom nasjonal og internasjonal økonomi og politikk gjør det svært viktig å videreutvikle kunnskapen om internasjonale forholds betydning for utformingen av innenrikspolitikken. Valgene av mål og virkemidler i nors k innenrikspolitikk skjer i møtet mellom ...

Tildelt: kr 3,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2009

Sted: Rogaland

FUGE-Funksjonell genomforskn.i Norg

Tools for Microbial Nucleic Acid Sample Preparation for Diagnostic and Genomic Analyses

Access to high quality nucleic acid is imperative to conduct any form of genetic analysis. Working with micro-organisms that are difficult to cultivate and/or are embedded in complex materials is a particular challenge. The market is seeking more sensitiv e, simplified, rapid and efficient method...

Tildelt: kr 6,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2009

Sted: Oslo

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

GENOMIC PLASTICITY

Directly turning a differentiated cell into a pluripotent cell would be beneficial for producing isogenic replacement cells. It would also present societal benefits by eliminating the use of cells of embryonic or fetal origin. Altering cell fate involves a reprogramming of nuclear function. We ha...

Tildelt: kr 7,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2010

Sted: Oslo

PSYKISK-Psykisk helse

Communication, somatisation and alexithymia. The impact of alexithymia for the process of somatisation in context of clinical communication

Background: Chronic health complaints are prevalent in general practice and in psychiatry and are often labelled as medically unexplained symptoms (MUS). Sensitisation has been proposed as an underlying neurobiological substrate for MUS. We suggest that a deficit in affect regulation, operationa...

Tildelt: kr 2,4 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2009

Sted: Oslo

VAM-Velferd, arbeid og migrasjon

Arvelige tilstander, inngifte og genetisk veiledning: Oppfatninger, dilemmaer og utfordringer for norsk-pakistanere og norsk helsepersonell.

Prosjektet er en antropologisk studie med utgangspunkt i observasjon av genetisk veiledning av par og enkeltpersoner med pakistansk bakgrunn ved Avd. for medisinsk genetikk ved Rikshospitalet og Ullevål universitetssykehus. De fleste som får slik veiledni ng har tidligere fått barn med medfødte a...

Tildelt: kr 1,9 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2010

Sted: Oslo

VAM-Velferd, arbeid og migrasjon

Funksjonshemming, arbeidsliv og velferdsstat

Utgangspunktet for prosjektet er å forstå hvilke forhold som kan være med å fremme/hemme funksjonshemmedes yrkesdeltakelse. Vår ambisjon er å studere hvordan samspillet mellom teknologiske løsninger og offentlige tiltak under ulike markedsmessige forhold påvirker arbeidsgiveres valg, og dermed fu...

Tildelt: kr 7,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2011

Sted: Oslo

GNBIO-Grunnleggende næringsrettet bioteknologi

Selection and characterization of novel cancer specific antibodies – utilization in diagnostic and therapeutic approaches

Objective: The main purpose is to identify and characterize novel breast cancer specific antibodies. Interesting candidates will be thoroughly characterized for their specificity. Fulfilling the specificity criteria their potential as diagnostic or progno stic markers will be investigated. Finall...

Tildelt: kr 4,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2010

Sted: Ukjent Fylke

PSYKISK-Psykisk helse

Antisocial behavior at threshold of adolescence: A longitudinal study of precursors, risk and protective factors from early preschool years

Antisocial behavior among children and adolescents lead to great human costs for the youths, families, and local communities that are affected. The economical costs for the society at large are considerable. The principal objective of the current project is to contribute with knowledge about deve...

Tildelt: kr 2,2 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2013

Sted: Oslo

STORFORSK-Store forskerinitierte prosjekter

Environmental Triggers of Type 1 Diabetes: The MIDIA Study (MIDIA is the Norwegian acronym for "Environmental Triggers of Type 1 Diabetes")

Type 1 diabetes is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in childhood, and is the end-stage of a destructive inflammation of the insulin producing beta-cells in the pancreas. The disease is caused by unknown environmental factors affecting individu als at genetic risk. In contrast to other...

Tildelt: kr 19,6 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2011

Sted: Ukjent Fylke

ELSA-Etiske,rettslige og samf.m. as

National moral landscapes: The Politics of Stemcells

Stemcells have occupied the centerstage of scientific, public and political awareness since its isolation in 1998. They produce golden hopes of finding future cures for a lot of diseases, but also provoke very heated and antagonistic public debates. It cr eates deep moral concers, involving the s...

Tildelt: kr 2,2 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2009

Sted: Vestland

FRIMED-Klinisk medisin og folkehelse

Generation, reproduction and birth outcome

Causes for disease late in life can be found in events around birth, but also in events before the birth itself. A huge interest in the determinants of birthweight has recently re-emerged due to consistent results showing increased risk of poor health out comes for individuals born with low birth...

Tildelt: kr 2,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2010

Sted: Vestland

FRIBIO-Biologi og biomedisin

Molecular mechanisms of mammalian DNA repair

Mutations are the fundamental cause of all forms of cancer and a number of different, but integrated processes operate to prevent such genetic changes from occurring. DNA repair is of fundamental importance in limiting the occurrence of mutations. We will carry out comprehensive studies on the m...

Tildelt: kr 2,8 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2009

Sted: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

MATJORD-Program for forskning innenfor jordbruksog matproduksjon

Beskytter melkeprodukter mot metabolsk syndrom?

...

Tildelt: kr 0,67 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2009

Sted: Oslo

U2020-Norsk utdanningsforskning 2009-2018

Student performance, educational attainment and labour market success: Disentangling the effects of social background and schools

Prosjektet studerer variasjonen i kunnskapsnivå blant norske skoleungdommer, målt ved karakterer og resultater på nasjonale prøver. Hovedutfordringen er å skille mellom resultatforskjeller som kan tilskrives sosial bakgrunn og forskjeller som skyldes skol ens bidrag til læringsutbytte. Segregerin...

Tildelt: kr 2,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2009

Sted: Oslo

FUGE-Funksjonell genomforskn.i Norg

Regulation of intracellular traffic by PI3P-binding proteins - a functional and ultrastructrural study

Many important cellular processes such as intracellular transport, signaling through growth hormone receptors, cell motility and apoptosis are regulated directly or indirectly by phosphatidylinositol (PI)-3-kinases. These kinases have different reaction products, one of these being PI-3-phosphat...

Tildelt: kr 7,6 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2009

Sted: Ukjent Fylke

SHP-Strategiske høgskoleprogram

Utdanning og oppvekst i grissgrendt busetting.

I skoleforskning har problemstillinger knyttet til små skoler som regel vært fraværende. Dette henger sammen med at skoleslaget i de fleste industrialiserte land omfatter få elever, men kanskje også med at den lille skolen med undervisning i aldersblandet gruppe ofte blir sett på som en avviksor...

Tildelt: kr 3,4 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2009

Sted: Nordland - Nordlánnda

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

The ethics of priority setting in global health

Background: It is widely acknowledged that the distribution of scarce health care resources should satisfy two goals: allocative efficiency and fairness. However, there exist little evidence and guidance on how efficiency could be incorporated with fairne ss. This is both a theoretical problem an...

Tildelt: kr 7,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2011

Sted: Vestland

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Identification of phenotypes and genetic susceptibility in severe mental disorders

Severe mental disorders (schizophrenia and bipolar/manic-depressive disorder) are major causes of disability worldwide, and rank as some of the most costly disorders to afflict humans. The etiology still remains elusive, but there is now overwhelming evid ence that genetic factors play a prominen...

Tildelt: kr 8,3 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2010

Sted: Oslo

FUGE-Funksjonell genomforskn.i Norg

Knockout zebrafish (KO-ZFISH) model

The genome projects – from microorganisms to vertebrates and mammals – create huge amounts of undeciphered genetic information. This cumulated DNA sequence bank needs intelligent, but as simple as possible, model systems to turn the currency of genomics into functional genomics. Only in one ver...

Tildelt: kr 11,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2009

Sted: Viken

FRIBIO-Biologi og biomedisin

Functional genomics of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum

The project seeks to: 1. Develop a productive and innovative research group in Norway that efficiently combine the research abilities of the Department of Pharmacy, University of Tromsø with recognized proteomics and structural biology research group s at the University of Tromsø and complem...

Tildelt: kr 2,1 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2010

Sted: Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku - Tromssa ja Finmarkku

KREFTSATS-Særutlysning kreftmidler, historikk

Critical regulatory networks for tumor-vascular interactions and activated angiogenesis in urogenital cancers

Angiogenesis and tumor-vascular interactions are essential for tumor spread. We focus on this aspect since anti-angiogenic therapy avoid treatment resistance. Adhesion molecules are important for the ability of tumor cells to invade surrounding tumor stro ma and to enter the vascular systems (blo...

Tildelt: kr 6,6 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2009

Sted: Vestland

KREFTSATS-Særutlysning kreftmidler, historikk

Developmental biology of solid tumours may pave the way for advanced medicine

We study three human cancer diseases, colorectal cancer (CRC), testicular germ cell tumour (TGCT), and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour (MPNST), originating from different types of stem cells. All three diseases develop through morphologically def ined stages, and the stepwise molecular b...

Tildelt: kr 6,6 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2009

Sted: Oslo

TJENESTER-Helse- og omsorgstjenester

Overlevelse som kvalitetsindikator for sykehus - statistiske utfordringer

Prosjektet utrede anvendeligheten av 30 dagers overlevelse som kvalitetsindikatorer i norske sykehus og er en doktorgradsstudie innen medisinsk statistikk og registerepidemiologi. Datamaterialet består av samtlige pasienter på norske somatiske sykehus i p erioden 1997-2001 med hoveddiagnose hjert...

Tildelt: kr 1,8 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2012

Sted: Oslo

KREFTSATS-Særutlysning kreftmidler, historikk

Genetic predictors of mammographic density

Mammographic density represents a strong and independent breast cancer risk factor, and possibly a useful surrogate endpoint for breast cancer risk. Mammographic density decreases when women undergo menopause or start tamoxifen therapy, but increases in w omen starting postmenopausal hormone ther...

Tildelt: kr 3,9 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2009

Sted: Oslo

PSYKISK-Psykisk helse

Anorexia nervosa: Pasientens opplevelse

Formål: Med basis i pasienters subjektive erfaring, beskrive variasjon og utvikle teoretiske modeller ("begrepskart") for å forstå psykologiske kvaliteter av sentral betydning for sekundær og tertiær forebygging og klinisk behandling av spiseforsty rrelsen anorexia nervosa (AN). Unders...

Tildelt: kr 1,7 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2011

Sted: Oslo

FUGE-Funksjonell genomforskn.i Norg

Gene repair by oxidative demethylation

We have recently discovered a novel mechanism for repair of alkylation damage in DNA, performed by the E.coli AlkB protein, and also by human AlkB homologues. This repair function involves the demethylation of 1-methyladenine and 3-methylcytosine lesions discoveries have opened up many interest...

Tildelt: kr 6,9 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2009

Sted: Oslo

SAMF-Fagkomiteen for samfunnsvitenskap

Alzheimer's disease in science, politics and everyday life

The ways of understanding Alzheimer's disease are changing rapidly as it becomes an issue of globalised science as well as politics. The project sets out to investigate these in the three locations of science, politics and everyday life. It asks how vario us versions of Alzheimer's are constitute...

Tildelt: kr 2,3 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2010

Sted: Oslo