385 prosjekter

HAVBRUK2-Stort program for havbruksforskning

Translating the cod genome for aquaculture

In this period (6 months) we have essentially worked on the completion of papers base don results from the three WPs WP 1: We have written a paper on the new cod genome assembly (cod 2). The new version of the genome assembly is roughly 50-fold improved with respect to contingency. A new annot...

Tildelt: kr 6,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2010-2016

Sted: Oslo

FORINFRA-Nasj.sats. forskn.infrastrukt

Norwegian High-Throughput Sequencing Centre

This proposal to establish an internationally competitive Norwegian High-Throughput Sequencing Centre (NSC) is built upon the existing HTS instruments in Norway: the Illumina Genome Analyzer II (GAII), and the 454 (Roche) sequencing platforms at Institute of Medical Genetics (IMG) and Centre for...

Tildelt: kr 23,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2010-2015

Sted: Oslo

HAVBRUKS-Havbruk - en næring i vekst

The smolt probe - novel tools for assessment of smolt quality and marine performance in Atlantic salmon

Smolt quality is critical for successful salmon aquaculture, and poor smolt quality may generate a wide range of problems; increased mortality in seawater, increased vulnerability to diseases and poor growth, which in total represents a considerable loss. Therefore, the salmon industry continuou...

Tildelt: kr 2,5 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2010-2012

Sted: Vestland

POLRES-Polarforskning POLRES

Polar airborne bacteria, interdisciplinary discussions in the crossroad between long range air transport, climate, ecology and health care.

The overall objective in this proposal is to arrange 3 workshops including some practical comparisons regarding sampling and analysis of bioaerosols in polar regions, and discuss and compare analytical experiments combined with air transport modelling. Th e purpose of these workshops is to improv...

Tildelt: kr 0,11 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2010-2010

Sted: Vestland

HAVBRUKS-Havbruk - en næring i vekst

The salmon in a warmer world: Aerobic scope of Atlantic salmon at different temperatures

Norway can expect rising water temperatures, and the potential effect of this on the performance of farmed and wild Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) is presently not understood. Long before a rise in water temperature reach the critical temperature (Tc) that is immediately leathal, it will affect t...

Tildelt: kr 3,3 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2010-2013

Sted: Oslo

FRIMEDBIO-Fri prosj.st. med.,helse,biol

Characterization of plant associated AlkB-like demethylases

AlkB-proteinet hos bakterier er et enzym som reparerer, dvs fjerner, skadelige metylgrupper i cellens arvestoff. Metylerende stoffer finnes både inne i celler og i miljøet, og AlkB motvirker derfor de negative effektene av slike stoffer. Multicellulære organismer, f. eks. planter og mennesker, ha...

Tildelt: kr 6,8 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2009-2015

Sted: Oslo

IS-NAD-Samarbeid med NORAD-land

Birkeland, Nils-Kåre. Norsk spesialist til India 2009

...

Tildelt: kr 10 000

Prosjektperiode: 2009-2009

Sted: Vestland

IS-STP-Statsstipendprogram, utlendinger

Simaiakis, Stylianos, Hellas, statsstipend 2008/09

...

Tildelt: kr 70 000

Prosjektperiode: 2009-2009

Sted: Vestland

IS-NAD-Samarbeid med NORAD-land

Cao, Yonghong, Kina. statsstipend 2008/09

...

Tildelt: kr 0,13 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2009-2009

Sted: Vestland

HAVBRUKS-Havbruk - en næring i vekst

New feeding strategies for Atlantic halibut and cod larvae to increase the output of high quality juveniles in production systems

The aim of the project is to establish new feeding strategies for halibut and cod larvae in the live-prey stage to improve growth, survival and quality in production systems. The project is based on break-through results in a pilot study where we demonstr ated that by controlling diurnal light an...

Tildelt: kr 3,8 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2009-2012

Sted: Vestland

HAVBRUKS-Havbruk - en næring i vekst

Effects of dietary composition, rearing regimes and seasonal growth patterns on muscle softness and gaping in Atlantic salmon.

The primary objective for the present knowledge-building project is to reveal the causal mechanisms behind the fillet gaping and muscle softness, observed in Atlantic salmon. We will run experimental feeding trials, where the outcomes of the previous obje ctive will be combined with the state-of-...

Tildelt: kr 2,6 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2009-2013

Sted: Vestland

HAVBRUKS-Havbruk - en næring i vekst

Fish welfare assessment through brain function: Impacts of environmental stress on brain plasticity and behaviour

Developing reliable measures of fish welfare is a priority within Norway and the EU. Although fish welfare definitions vary, a key aim is to provide environments that minimize stressors that impact health and the animal?s mental function. In mammals, prol onged stress can affect brain function to...

Tildelt: kr 3,1 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2009-2012

Sted: Vestland

FRIMEDBIO-Fri prosj.st. med.,helse,biol

The muscle excitation-transcription coupling

The composition of muscle is related to the risk of developing life style diseases such as obesity and type II diabetes. Muscle is a permanent tissue, but the phenotype can nevertheless be changed by changing the pattern of activity such as by exercise. C hanges in the pattern of action potential...

Tildelt: kr 6,2 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2009-2014

Sted: Oslo

FRIMEDBIO-Fri prosj.st. med.,helse,biol

Molecular mechanisms of androgen action

Androgens are essential for a wide range of important biological processes. These include the development and maintenance of male reproductive organs, hair cycle and skeletal muscle, as well as regulation of lipid metabolism and bone remodelling. Androgen s are implicated in pathological processe...

Tildelt: kr 6,2 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2009-2013

Sted: Oslo

FRIMEDBIO-Fri prosj.st. med.,helse,biol

Maturation of the electrophysiological and intracellular signaling systems in teleost gonadotropes during puberty

Hovedmålet til dette prosjektet er å belyse hvordan reguleringsmekanismen til de hormonproduserende gonadotrope cellene i hypofysen modnes under pubertetsutviklingen, med fokus på komponenter som deltar i elektrofysiologisk signalisering trigget av frigjø ringshormonet GnRH. Vi bruker torsk og me...

Tildelt: kr 6,6 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2009-2014

Sted: Oslo

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Biogeographic and population analyses of Thermotogales bacteria from hydrocarbon-rich environments

-

Tildelt: kr 9,2 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2008-2015

Sted: Oslo

FRIMEDBIO-Fri prosj.st. med.,helse,biol

Salmon lice as models for understanding life history evolution of parasites

Salmon lice represent an important problem both in relation to fish farming and to the conservation of wild salmonids. It is now estimated that at least 95 % of all salmon lice eggs in the sea come from farmed fish. The majority of salmon lice have ther efore changed their resource base from wi...

Tildelt: kr 3,4 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2008-2014

Sted: Vestland

HAVBRUKS-Havbruk - en næring i vekst

Transmission and reservoirs of Francisella piscicida. Implications for wild and farmed cod.

A new species of Francisella (F. piscicida), causing mortality in farmed cod (Gadus morhua), was isolated autumn 2004 from farmed cod in Rogaland. In 2005 this bacterium was isolated from several cod farms in Rogaland, Hordaland, Møre og Romsdal, Nordland and Denmark and from Atlantic salmon in ...

Tildelt: kr 2,2 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2008-2013

Sted: Vestland

IS-BILAT-Mobilitet Norge-USA /Canada

In situ monitoring of microbial processes

It is applied for grants to Dr. Scient Håkon Dahle for a one year research stay at the University of Washington. At the University of Washington Håkon Dahle will collaborate with microbiologists, geologists and oceanographs on the study of hot vents. Hot vents can be regarded as windows to the de...

Tildelt: kr 0,30 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2008-2009

Sted: Vestland

FRIMEDBIO-Fri prosj.st. med.,helse,biol

Activity-dependent plasticity in visual cortex

A major question in neuroscience is how appropriate connections are formed when the brain develops. It is well established that neural circuits are fine-tuned by experience during 'critical periods' in early postnatal life. In the visual system, closing o ne eye for only a few days during a criti...

Tildelt: kr 2,7 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2008-2012

Sted: Oslo

FRIMEDBIO-Fri prosj.st. med.,helse,biol

Cellular interactions underlying organization of cortical circuits

A major question in neuroscience is how appropriate connections are formed when the brain develops and how these connections are modified with experience. It is well established that neural circuits are fine-tuned by experience during 'critical periods' i n early postnatal life. In the visual sys...

Tildelt: kr 2,7 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2008-2012

Sted: Oslo

IS-BILAT-Mobilitet Norge-USA /Canada

Development of endocrine and digestive systems in marine fish larvae

Leiv Eiriksson Mobility Programme

Tildelt: kr 40 000

Prosjektperiode: 2008-2008

Sted: Vestland

FRIMEDBIO-Fri prosj.st. med.,helse,biol

Identification of molecules involved in the generation of the MHC class II peptide loading compartment.

Visualization of vesicular trafficking has become possible by the rapid development of imaging techniques that utilize fast computers and fast on line imaging systems. Biologically we have developed a system for studying trafficking events in the immune specific intracellular pathway towards the...

Tildelt: kr 2,8 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2008-2013

Sted: Oslo

FRIMEDBIO-Fri prosj.st. med.,helse,biol

Saxitoxin biosynthesis and genomics in organisms from two kingdoms - horizontal gene transfer or parallel evolution?

Paralytic shellfish poisoning is a potentially fatal affliction that results from the consumption of seafood or drinking water, which is infested with the neurotoxic alkaloid saxitoxin and its analogues (PSTs). Although PSTs are produced by a complex and unique biosynthetic pathway, distantly rel...

Tildelt: kr 3,9 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2008-2013

Sted: Oslo

HAVBRUKS-Havbruk - en næring i vekst

Studies of salmon phagocytic cells - key cells in cellular immune responses.

We propose to investigate, using functional genomics, the relationship between well-known immunostimulants, activation and function of salmon phagocytic cells. The new input to fish immunology is the use of isolated specific cell populations, especially n eutrophils, a salmonid cell line and phag...

Tildelt: kr 4,5 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2008-2012

Sted: Vestland

FRIBIO-Biologi og biomedisin

"Nutrient tunnelling" and other alternative pathways for mineral nutrients through the microbial food web to copepods.

For more than a century, one of the fundamental challenges in marine sciences has been to understand the structure and function of pelagic food webs. During the past two decades, with the recognition of the importance of microorganisms, much of this resea rch has been directed towards understandi...

Tildelt: kr 3,9 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2008-2011

Sted: Vestland

FRIBIO-Biologi og biomedisin

Viral lysis and programmed cell death in marine phytoplankton

Phytoplankton, accounting for less than 1% of the Earth´s biomass but almost 50% of annual marine net primary production, plays a critical role in global carbon cycling. Mechanisms that control their mortality are, however, still poorly understood, and th e current project, VIPMAP, seek to genera...

Tildelt: kr 4,4 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2008-2011

Sted: Vestland

FRIMEDBIO-Fri prosj.st. med.,helse,biol

Surviving without oxygen: from mitochondrial function to ethanol production

While medical science has had a very limited success in counteracting the deleterious effects of ischemia/hypoxia in humans, evolution has repeatedly solved this problem. The best studied examples of anoxia tolerant animals are some North American freshwa ter turtles (genera Trachemys and Chrysem...

Tildelt: kr 5,2 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2008-2012

Sted: Oslo

FRIMEDBIO-Fri prosj.st. med.,helse,biol

Match-mismatching of trophic levels as a structuring force of ecosystems

We intend to study ecosystem functioning using the match-mismatch hypothesis as a framework and three different marine ecosystems with focus on seabirds as examples. The marine ecosystems chosen - the Southern Ocean, the Barents Sea and the Benguela Upwel ling - are highly sensitive to climate va...

Tildelt: kr 6,5 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2008-2012

Sted: Oslo

FRIMEDBIO-Fri prosj.st. med.,helse,biol

Unmasking the Interplay between Pathogenic Neisseria Species and Host Cells by Quantitative Proteomic Analysis

This proposal aims to investigate the interaction between pathogenic Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Neisseria meningitides with host cells during infection using in vitro and in vivo models (cell culture and mouse model). A quantitative proteomic approach usin g in vitro and in vivo metabolic labeling...

Tildelt: kr 3,8 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2008-2013

Sted: Oslo