0 antall prosjekter

HAVBRUKS-Havbruk - en næring i vekst

Neuroendocrine and environmental control of puberty in fish

Early sexual maturation leads to a significant loss of body weight during the spawning season, and farmed Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) of both sexes currently reach puberty as early as two years of age, before reaching commercial size. Photoperiod treatmen t has been the most efficient strategy to...

Tildelt: kr 3,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2009

Sted: Oslo

HAVBRUKS-Havbruk - en næring i vekst

Developmental and growth dynamics of the vertebral column in farmed Atlantic salmon

It is well known from birds and mammals that skeletal tissues are dynamic and sensitive to factors such as exercise and nutrition. In the present proposal, we wish to elucidate the effects of mechanic stimulation of vertebrae through exercise, and the eff ects of fast growth on vertebral architec...

Tildelt: kr 1,3 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2009

Sted: Vestland

MARE-Marine ressurser,miljø og forv

Further advances: In situ molecular quantification of zooplankton feeding and bactivory in complex marine systems.

The question of who eats what and why has been at the forefront of plankton ecology for over a century. Accurate data on trophic interactions for key organisms, such as copepods and other zooplankton, is vital for understanding the mechanisms that structu re pelagic ecosystems. While many advanc...

Tildelt: kr 0,13 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2005

Sted: Vestland

HAVBRUKS-Havbruk - en næring i vekst

Differential protein expression in relation to dietary amino acid composition: a proteomic approach towards understanding growth in fish

Growth is essentially protein deposition. Therefore, optimisation of growth depends on the understanding of amino acid (AA) metabolism. The complexity and possible interactions between the various metabolic processes and regulatory pathways are enormous. It is evident that growth in a living anim...

Tildelt: kr 3,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2009

Sted: Vestland

BIOMOL-Molekylær biovitenskap og bioteknologi

Use of genome-based microarray analyses to understand the oxidative stress response of an anaerobic microorganism growing at 100°C

Aerobic organisms require molecular O2 for energy conservation. This is a mixed blessing, however, as extremely reactive O2 derivatives (ROS) are produced during normal metabolism that can damage all cellular components. ROS have been implicated in a wide variety of human diseases, including can...

Tildelt: kr 2,4 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2009

Sted: Oslo

NORKLIMA-Klimaendringer og konsekvenser for Norge

Modelling larval cod on Georges Bank

Here we apply for Trond Kristiansen to visit Woods Hole for a period of 5 months during 2005. There he will collaborate with members of the US GLOBEC team on applications and testing of a model of larval cod feeding and growth processes. This model has no w reached a stage where he is using the m...

Tildelt: kr 74 999

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2005

Sted: Vestland

BIOFYS-Fysiologiske og anatomiske fag

Living with little or no oxygen: from molecules to physiological biodiversity

While most vertebrates die within minutes of anoxia (no oxygen), a few species can tolerate anoxia about 1000 times longer. These include the crucian carp (Carassius carassius, No: karuss), a common fish in Norway, and some turtles. Anoxia and ischemia r elated diseases are the major killers in t...

Tildelt: kr 2,7 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2007

Sted: Oslo

CLIMIT-Forskning, utvikling og demo av CO2-håndtering

CO2 storage for geological timescales – Thermodynamic and kinetic stability of dawsonite

This study is motivated by the need to better understand the potential role of dawsonite in CO2 sequestration scenarios. Towards this goal, the first kinetic studies of dawsonite were conducted by the authors during March-April 2004 in corporation with Er ic H. Oelkers at Université Paul Sabatier...

Tildelt: kr 0,93 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2008

Sted: Vestland

BIOMOL-Molekylær biovitenskap og bioteknologi

Genetic dissection of maternal effects in early embryo and endosperm development

Seed development is an interplay of different tissues that execute different transcriptional programmes. By double fertilization two haploid sperm cells fuse with the haploid egg cell and the diploid central cell of the female gametophyte to produce the d iploid embryo and the triploid endosperm,...

Tildelt: kr 4,2 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2009

Sted: Oslo

TU-Tungt utstyr

600 MHz NMR instrument

NMR instrumentet skal være dedikert til strukturanalyse av biologiske makromolekyler og benyttes av forskningsmiljøene i Oslo regionen, inklusiv NLH-Ås. Hovedsamarbeidspartnere er UiO, NVH og NLH. Instrumentet vil bli satt opp med muligheter for 1-4 dimen sjonale studier av biologiske makromoleky...

Tildelt: kr 10,8 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2007

Sted: Oslo

HAVBRUKS-Havbruk - en næring i vekst

Karakterisering av virus assosiert med Hjertesprekk (CMS) og Hjerte- skjelettmuskel betennelse (HSMB)

Norsk lakseoppdrett er i betydelig grad påvirket av sykdommer med uklare årsaksforhold, noe som presser næringens små fortjenestemarginer i negativ retning. I denne gruppen sykdokmmer finner en blant annet hjertesprekk (Cardiac Myopathy syndrome, CMS), he morrhagisk diatese (Haemorrhagic smolt sy...

Tildelt: kr 4,1 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2010

Sted: Vestland

HAVBRUKS-Havbruk - en næring i vekst

Environmental impact and molecular regulation of the osmoregulatory gill during parr-smolt transformation in Atlantic salmon

High quality salmon smolts are critical for aquaculture, enhancement programmes and wild populations. Intensification of aquaculture smolt production and changes in natural habitats can cause degradation of environmental conditions, which may severely red uce smolt quality. The gill is critical i...

Tildelt: kr 2,6 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2010

Sted: Vestland

FRIBIO-Biologi og biomedisin

Adaptive food web models

For almost a century, mathematical studies of ecosystem dynamics have been based on the Lotka-Volterra differential equation approach. This approach has been able to integrate different actors, such as resources, producers, predators, decomposers and dise ase vectors. The great success has, howev...

Tildelt: kr 2,3 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2009

Sted: Vestland

STORFORSK-Store forskerinitierte prosjekter

Unique post-translational modifications in a prokaryotic model system

Post-translational modifications (PTMs) are covalent processing events that modify the properties of protein by proteolytic cleavage or by addition of a modifying group to one or more amino acids. They modulate biological processes by influencing protein activity, localization, turnover, and inte...

Tildelt: kr 12,4 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2011

Sted: Oslo

BIOMOL-Molekylær biovitenskap og bioteknologi

Antistoffbaserte reagenser i studier av spesifikke T cell responser

Prosjektet vil lage løselige T celle reseptormolekyler, som vil kunne benyttes innen forskning, diagnostikk og terapi. Forskning: Løselige TCR vil være en ny type reagens for spesifikk deteksjon av et gitt peptid på MHC, og vil kunne måle direkte det en nå måler indirekte, i T celleaktiv...

Tildelt: kr 2,1 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2007

Sted: Oslo

HAVKYST-Havet og kysten

Taxonomy and phyleogeography of deep-water calcareous sponges (Porifera, Calcarea) in the North Atlantic and Arctic oceans.Postdr./Utenl.s

We propose to combine traditional taxonomy based on detailed morphological analyses with molecular methods to investigate the N Atlantic and Arctic deep-sea calcareous sponges (Porifera, Calcarea). Unfortunately Calcarea offer very few morphological characters for reliable (informative) phylogene...

Tildelt: kr 2,5 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2008

Sted: Vestland

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Toppforskningsprogrammets prosjekt ledet av Fari Saatcioglu

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Tildelt: kr 4,2 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2007

Sted: Oslo

FRIMUF-Miljø- og utviklingsforskning

Prokaryotic genomics in natural environments

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Tildelt: kr 38 467

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2007

Sted: Vestland

GLOBFISK-Global fisk

PasGear- A data base package for experimental or artisanal fisheries data from passive gears

Programmet PasGear ble utviklet i perioden 1993 - 1999. Det er et dedikert program spesialtilpasset de forskjellige typer av fiskeridata som typisk innsamles ved forsknings- og forvaltningsinstitusjoner i mange land, spesielt ferskvannsfiskerier i utvikli ngsland. PasGeaar-programmet ble utviklet...

Tildelt: kr 0,14 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2005

Sted: Vestland

BIOMOL-Molekylær biovitenskap og bioteknologi

The fundamental molecular mechanisms regulating meiosis checkpoints in fission yeast

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Tildelt: kr 1,7 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2009

Sted: Oslo

KREFTSATS-Særutlysning kreftmidler, historikk

Molecular mechanisms of androgen action and prostate carcinogenesis

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Tildelt: kr 0,75 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2005

Sted: Oslo

MATPROG-Matprogrammet: Norsk mat fra sjø og land

Elucidation of mechanisms of abscission using the model plant Arabidopsis and the ornamental plant poinsettia

Summary Abscission, the process that enables plants to shed organs after they have served their function, is very important in agriculture and horticulture. Harvest quality and quantity is dependent on control of abscission of seeds (cereals and oil seed rape), fruits and berries (fruit product...

Tildelt: kr 5,7 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2007

Sted: Oslo

BIOBIOT-Biologi, bioteknologi, Mat. Nat.

Effects of traditional heathland management and its discontinuation on vegetation, Western Norway

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Tildelt: kr 60 000

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2005

Sted: Vestland

HAVKYST-Havet og kysten

Mønstre i biodiversitet: Oppblomstringer og stabil sameksistens i den nedre del av marine næringsnett.

Prosjektet skal utforske det teoretiske og eksperimentelle grunnlaget for hvordan systemegenskaper oppstår fra samspillet mellom organismenes egenskaper og miljøet i den lavere del av det marine pelagiske næringsnettet. Eksperimentelt arbeid i laboratorie - og mesokosme-forsøk kombineres med mate...

Tildelt: kr 10,5 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2007

Sted: Vestland

FUGE-Funksjonell genomforskn.i Norg

Nuclear program in health and disease - transcriptome approach to mechanisms

A central theme in the post-genomic era is to understand the fine-tuned symphony of gene expression. Transcription is the first and critical step of molecular events that turns the genome into a functional genome and weaves together target genes in coreg ulated cellular programs. In fact, many ...

Tildelt: kr 12,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2009

Sted: Oslo

BIOFYS-Fysiologiske og anatomiske fag

Alarm reactions in crucian carp

The alarm reaction in cyprinids discovered by Karl von Frisch has been a challenge to neurophysiologists. In particular, the alarm substance has evaded proper identification, and the pathways mediating the reaction have been unknown. Due to previous resea rch programs supported by the Research Co...

Tildelt: kr 4,8 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2008

Sted: Oslo

BIOFYS-Fysiologiske og anatomiske fag

Olfactory mediated reproductive behaviour in fish

The processing of olfactory information from the olfactory epithelium to the olfactory tract in relation to two different behaviours: food search and alarm behaviours has been established recently. However, olfactory processing of the reproductive behavio ur as to how sex odours are coded in the ...

Tildelt: kr 1,4 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2005

Sted: Oslo

KREFTSATS-Særutlysning kreftmidler, historikk

Molecular mechanisms of androgen action and prostate carcinogenesis

Androgens have a pivotal role in the development and maintenance of the male reproductive system, the normal prostate, as well as the initiation and progression of prostate cancer . Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed non-cutaneous cancer and s econd leading cause of cancer death in me...

Tildelt: kr 5,9 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2004-2008

Sted: Oslo

BIOFYS-Fysiologiske og anatomiske fag

Characterization of electrical membrane properties during phagocytosis in eukaryotic cells

The objective for this project is to study the process of phagocytosis, using the macrostome form of the polymorphic ciliate Tetrahymena vorax as a model organism. The process of phagocytosis in ciliates and mammalian cells has many features in common imp lying that this system arose early in evo...

Tildelt: kr 1,4 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2009

Sted: Oslo

BIOBIOT-Biologi, bioteknologi, Mat. Nat.

Functional and Structural Studies of Different Ribonucleotide Reductases and Phenylalanine Hydroxylase.

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Tildelt: kr 33 687

Prosjektperiode: 2003-2004

Sted: Oslo