0 prosjekter

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Understanding fitness effects of harvesting and protection of coastal marine resources

Selection imposed by intense harvesting of marine species may lead to evolutionary changes in life histories and behavioural traits on a contemporary time scale. However, our understanding of how harvesting may warp the selective landscape is still limite d, partly due to the difficulty of tracki...

Tildelt: kr 10,2 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2010-2016

Sted: Agder

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Responding to Global Poverty: On what the affluent ought to do and what the poor are permitted to do

Two principles are commonly invoked in support of the view that we - the affluent in the developed world - have a responsibility to address global poverty. The first is based on the idea that because the poor are in severe need and we are in a position to alleviate such need at some cost, we hav...

Tildelt: kr 4,4 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2010-2016

Sted: Oslo

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Obesity, vitamin D insufficiency, and asthma in Norwegian and Canadian populations

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Tildelt: kr 6,7 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2010-2016

Sted: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Biogeographic and population analyses of Thermotogales bacteria from hydrocarbon-rich environments

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Tildelt: kr 9,2 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2008-2015

Sted: Oslo

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

The Function of Cyclin Dependent Kinases in the DNA Damage Response and Maintenance of Genome Stability

Project Summary Genome instability is one of the hallmarks of cancer. However, the mechanisms that protect the genome against spontaneous gross chromosomal rearrangements (GCRs) are not well understood. In recent years several pathways have been identifi ed that protect the genome against sponta...

Tildelt: kr 9,5 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2008-2012

Sted: Oslo

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

The Effects of Labor Force Participation on Spouses, Children and Peers

Increased labor force participation has been an indisputable goal of developed economies. The main arguments have been that increased labor force participation promotes economic growth and reduces poverty. Surprisingly, despite the emphasis on increased l abor force participation as a policy goal...

Tildelt: kr 9,9 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2008-2012

Sted: Rogaland

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Regulatory networks in plants: The role of dually targeted transcription factors for the development of cells and organisms

Transcription factors are responsible for the translation of the genetic information into proteins and are therefore key molecules in any cell. In plant cells the genetic information is divided into three sub-genomes (nuclear, plastid, mitochondrial) that are dependent on each other. The recent ...

Tildelt: kr 7,9 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2008-2012

Sted: Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku - Tromssa ja Finmarkku

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Automation of Error Control with Application to Fluid-Structure Interaction in Biomedicine.

Computer simulation is an important tool in many areas of science. Increasingly complex mathematical models are being solved in large computer simulations, complementing and sometimes replacing traditional experimental techniques as the main tool of scien tific investigation. In any such computer...

Tildelt: kr 10,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2008-2013

Sted: Oslo

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Genetic dissection of the reproductive ground-plan hypothesis of social evolution

It is debated if social behavior is controlled at the molecular level by evolutionary novelties or by ancestral regulatory pathways. Our proposal aims to resolve this controversy by testing the reproductive ground-plan hypothesis of social evolution at th e genome level. This universal hypothesis...

Tildelt: kr 10,4 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2008-2013

Sted: Viken

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Studying the early universe with non-gaussianities

According to most theories, the universe originated approximately 13 billion years ago in the so-called Big Bang. The details of the physical processes occurring in the first fractions of a second during the birth of the universe are still to be cleared. The early universe, containing dense hot g...

Tildelt: kr 10,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2008-2013

Sted: Oslo

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

EXERCISE IN MEDICINE: BIO-EPIDEMIOLOGY OF FITNESS AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

The western Society epidemic of life-style-related disease is an impending threat to public health, as well as economy, and calls thus for effective, affordable treatment and prevention strategies. The project has the potential to identify the key cellula r and molecular mechanisms underlying the...

Tildelt: kr 10,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2008-2011

Sted: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Modelling Transport in Porous Media over Multiple Scales

Flow in porous media governs important physical processes such as oil and gas recovery, groundwater management and carbon dioxide storage. Most porous media of interest are highly heterogeneous, with small scale flow paths dominating the overall displacem ent. The current project aims at develo...

Tildelt: kr 9,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2008-2013

Sted: Vestland

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Pragmatic resources in old Indo-European languages

This project will be a close linguistic study of the language of the Greek text of the New Testament as well as its translations into the old Indo-European languages Latin, Gothic, Armenian and Church Slavonic. In its first stage, the project aims at desc ribing and accounting for the so-called '...

Tildelt: kr 9,5 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2007-2013

Sted: Oslo

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Lipocalin 2 - a novel antimicrobial protein: Role in mycobacterial disease, urinary tract infection and in wound healing

Infectious diseases remain the main cause of premature death worldwide and antimicrobial resistance is increasing. Consequently, the WHO stresses that there is an urgent need for new drugs and supplementary treatment regimens against infectious agents. We have recently discovered a novel mechani...

Tildelt: kr 8,2 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2007-2013

Sted: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Numerical modelling of the Wilson Cycle

The outer layer of the Earth is divided into seven large and many small plates which move relative to each other with several centimetres per year. Convergence and collision of these plates is associated with seismicity, volcanism and mountain building, a s for example the Andes and Himalayas. Di...

Tildelt: kr 7,5 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2007-2012

Sted: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Transcriptome regulation in development, disease and cancer

The loci of developmental transcriptional regulators are spanned by arrays of conserved noncoding elements (CNEs), many of which exhibit high similarity across all vertebrates. We are on the verge of discovering the fundamental involvement of these elemen ts and the genomic regions they reside in...

Tildelt: kr 8,8 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2007-2015

Sted: Vestland

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Disaggregating the Study of Civil Wars

This project will explore civil wars in a geographical perspective and transnational context. Cross-country comparative statistical studies, as well as much of the case-study literature, focus on various state characteristics that influence the likelihood of civil war. However, the nation-state ...

Tildelt: kr 10,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2007-2011

Sted: Oslo

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Physiological and pathological impacts of glutamine transporters

Glutamine, the most abundant amino acid in the blood, is involved in a variety of metabolic processes such as biosynthesis of other substrates (eg proteins, nucleotides and amino sugars). It is also required for rapid cell growth such as in neoplasi. We h ave identified a family of amino acid tra...

Tildelt: kr 10,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2007-2012

Sted: Oslo

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

The "Forging" of Christian Identity in the Northern Periphery (c.820-c.1200)

Background: The study of Christianization in Scandinavia has recently become an important subject for international collaboration. Yet all previous projects have centered on Latin Christianity and the influence of Western Europe in the course of Christian ization, while contacts and mutual influe...

Tildelt: kr 9,2 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2007-2013

Sted: Vestland

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Security of Quantum Cryptosystems

Conventional secure communications rely on classical complexity-based ciphers and physical distribution of cryptographic keys. Classical cryptography is based on the assumption that certain problems cannot be solved efficiently. Due to technological advan ces, it is only believed to be a matter o...

Tildelt: kr 7,4 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2007-2012

Sted: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Search for the origin of the enhanced low energy gamma emission

The gamma decay of nuclei is governed by the so-called gamma-ray strength function, which is poorly known in the region below the particle binding energy. Normaly one uses the extrapolation of the tail of the Giant Electric Dipole Resonance (GEDR) to desc ribe the strength function at low energy....

Tildelt: kr 10,9 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2007-2011

Sted: Oslo

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Processes in volcanic basins and the implications for global warming and mass extinctions

The geological record shows that abrupt changes in the atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases have occurred throughout the Earth's history. More than six of these episodes of major climatic and environmental perturbations correlate with the timing of Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs). Further...

Tildelt: kr 10,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2007-2011

Sted: Oslo

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Media systems, news content and public perception of political reality

Public opinion constitutes one of the cornerstones of democracy. Citizens are assumed to hold preferences for particular polices, know where parties and candidates for office are located on the relevant policy dimensions, and cast their votes accordingly. In other words: Democracy functions best...

Tildelt: kr 10,1 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2007-2012

Sted: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Numerical Analysis and Simulation of Geometric Wave Equations

Numerical simulations have grown to become a significant component of almost all scientific disciplines, playing the role of physical experiment in many circumstances. Yet for many mathematical models and in particular in the new field of gravitational wa ve astronomy, current algorithms are unsa...

Tildelt: kr 9,5 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2006-2011

Sted: Oslo

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Fundamentals of Nano-scale Systems

This research project will explore spin and charge flow in nanostructures. We propose to improve theoretical methods for describing transport phenomena, and other physical effects, and plan to use these methods to increase our understanding of experiments . We will study the properties of novel s...

Tildelt: kr 7,2 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2011

Sted: Trøndelag - Trööndelage

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Molecular portraits of breast cancer: Translating genomics to the clinical practice

By using hierarchical clustering of global gene expression data, we were the first to identify five subtypes of breast tumors characterized by specific expression patterns. Our existing work has generated a rich and unique resource and knowledgebase from which to continue research. We will apply ...

Tildelt: kr 7,4 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2010

Sted: Oslo

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Brave New Rings

The notion of a ring, or number system, is fundamental to mathematics. Modern algebraic topology has generalized the classical notion of a ring as it occurs in number theory or algebraic geometry, to encompass a larger class of "brave new rings" technical ly known as S-algebras. The generalizati...

Tildelt: kr 7,1 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2010

Sted: Oslo

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Coping with the NP-hardness: Parameterized and exact algorithms

The seminal observations from the late 1960s that many computational problems did not seem to have any efficient algorithm and could therefore not be solved in practice, has continued to guide the field of algorithms and computational complexity. Several methods for dealing with NP-hard problem...

Tildelt: kr 7,8 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2010

Sted: Vestland

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Inequality and the welfare state

The future of the welfare state is being questioned. Challenges include the increased scope for political conflict, driven by recent increases in inequality and social cleavages in Western countries, immigration, falling labor supply and demographic chang es. Understanding the scope of long-run s...

Tildelt: kr 7,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2010

Sted: Oslo

YFF-Yngre, fremragende forskere

Exploring the nuclear phase diagram using hard and electromagnetic probes

The project will be focussed on the use of high transverse momentum electromagnetic probes (photons and dileptons) as tools for investigating the early stages of a heavy-ion collision. High-pT hadrons, charged and neutral, are created during the initi al partonic collisions. Through their en...

Tildelt: kr 7,0 mill.

Prosjektperiode: 2005-2010

Sted: Oslo