We propose to establish the Bjerknes Collaboration as an advanced research group. The University of Bergen, The Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center, and the Institute for Marine Research have formally agreed to establish a joint climate researc h unit, the Bjerknes Collaboration, located in Bergen. The key element of the Bjerknes Collaborationis the organisation of researchers from the three institutions in four joint research groups. The scientific focus of the Bjerknes Collaboration is on ocea n-ice-atmosphere climate processes, and on the climatic evolution of the North Atlantic, the Nordic Seas, the Arctic Ocean and surrounding regions in the present, past and in the future. In some areas the Bjerknes Collaboration posess research teams on hi gh scientific level.
The vision is to integrate the research groups, and by cross-fertilisation develop the Bjerknes Collaboration as a strong international center of excellence in climate research with a special strength on climates of the ocean and oce anic climate processesand high latitude climate change. In the context of this proposal we have identified some selected areas which we believe will particularly benefit the long term development most. These are the areas we will direct funds towards:
1) Improve the internal cohesion of the research teams by supporting initiatives which ensure dialogue and exchange of research ideas.
2) Support areas where we wish to develop more strength. These are: Coupled modelling, Carbon cycle modelling, Ocean obse rvations and integration of observational data, Remote sensing of sea ice, New technologies for paleoclimate analyses from sediment cores, Dating and improved chronological framework for paleoclimate data.
3) Improve our capabilities in terms of infrastr ucture.
4) Improve the recruitment and training of a new generation of researchers by 1. Recruitment of PhD and Post Doctoral candidates, 2. Establish a programme for visiting fellows.