The project will focus on three interacting trends that have strongly affected how the European power industry has coped with security and efficiency during the recent decades:
1. The horizontal, physical expansion of networks across borders.
2. The ver tical deepening of technology through the integration of information and communication technology (ICT) with the high voltage systems.
3. The liberalization and unbundling of the industry.
Put shortly, the Europeanization of the electricity networks has interacted with the digital and the neoliberal shift. The resulting changes in technology and governance regimes have created new possibilities and new challenges for balancing security and efficiency. This project will study these processes with a main focus on the integration of ICT with the high voltage systems. This “cybernetization” of the electricity network creates possibilities for enhancing both the security and the efficiency of the electricity networks. The Europeanization of these networks, h owever, creates significant challenges of ICT-standardization, and the neoliberal shift put strong pressure for using the ICT-solution more for efficiency than for enhanced security. The history of the construction and international diffusion of the Norwe gian constructed Elcom-standard of data communication will be a point of departure for this project.