The proposed research will utilise data from the European Union's Labour Force Survey (EU LFS) and Norwegian registry data to investigate whether EU migrants arriving in Norway via a third country have higher skills than return and permanent migrants. In order to address this question, the initial characteristics of individuals migrating to the third country'Third country' is defined as any country that is not Norway or the country of birth.; the subsequent selection of migrants coming to Norway; as well as the quality of return migrants has to be considered. The research will also aim to identify the parameters that influence this selection process. The main parameters of interest are relative returns to education levels in the source, third and onward m igration country.
The context of the research is the European experience of initial East-West migration after 2004, characterised by movements from the New Member states of the European Union to mainly Great Britain and Ireland, followed by a combinatio n of return and onward migration following worsening economic conditions after 2007. A popular country for onward migration due to strong economic conditions has been Norway as it does not have any binding work restrictions for EU citizens and provides an attractive work environment. At the same time, improving conditions in some of the NMS (such as Poland) have acted as incentives for return migration. The research will investigate how the characteristics of individuals differs between those that stay in their initial country of migration, those that return to the home country and those that migrate to a third country, specifically Norway.
The selection in onward migration has not been studied in the context of EU migration. The proposed research has p olicy relevance for the sending, receiving and final destination countries as well as theoretical relevance to the academic literature.