So far, energy citizenship has predominantly been studied through new practices and roles emerging in the energy transition, such as the shift from consumption to prosumption or the role of energy communities at local level. While such studies are highly relevant, they often neglect dynamic aspects of the emergence, transformation and consolidation of energy citizenship and they often put the main emphasis on individual energy citizenship and their broader contexts. A focus on the evolution and career of energy citizenship pays greater attention to the collective dimensions of energy citizenship – the formation of social movements, the emergence of organisational forms and identities, or the institutionalisation of citizen engagement in energy matters. With our project we want to fill this gap and complement existing research on energy citizenship. Moreover, such a dynamic and collective-action-oriented perspective lends itself well to policy strategies focusing on empowerment, knowledge co-creation community formation. A key element of this project is thus to closely integrate energy citizenship initiatives into the research process in a way that actively contributes to their empowerment.The challenge to turn short-lived projects, conflicts or protests into long-term collective engagement will differ widely between energy citizen initiatives and engagement of (benevolent) external actors, such as public authorities, risks stifling engagement and the formation of collective identities. Our project will explore new ways of working with energy citizenship groups which facilitates the co-production of action-oriented knowledge, supports processes of reflection and identity formation and empowers these groups in their attempts to transform the energy system. Examples of such strategies and tools used in the project are UNESCO developed “future labs” and so-called “sociological intervention” methods, developed by French sociologist Alain Touraine.