Aviation is a hard-to-abate industry, meaning it is an industry where it is particularly challenging to reduce fossil emissions. The European Union has recognized the challenges related to reducing emissions in aviation, and as a response have developed a comprehensive framework detailing technologies contributing to emission reductions through Renewable Energy Directive II (REDII). Here, Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) plays a key role, with clearly outlined production methods and renewable feedstock contributing to reducing CO2 emission. In addition, to ensure a level competitive playing field, the European Council and Parliament has agreed on a framework called ReFuelEU Aviation to implement SAF blending quotas on European aviation starting in 2025 (2% blending mandate), progressively increasing towards 2050 (70% blending mandate). Implementing blending mandates also ensures a European ramp-up of SAF production in line with the criteria in REDII, with an own blending mandate being implemented for synthetic fuels starting in 2030 at 1.2% and steadily increasing to 35% in 2050.
The SAF industry is a new and emerging industry in Europe and Norway. Today, the yearly European SAF production is less than 100 000 tons, and demand far exceeds the availability. Norsk e-Fuel together with the airline Norwegian are currently working on developing a national value chain for SAF. There is a need to develop new knowledge within the industry regarding how international criteria will impact the national aviation industry and associated value chains. Additionally understanding key bottlenecks associated with development of the new SAF value chain. The background and aim of this project is to realize new industrial opportunities in Norway, and ensure the development of sustainable value chains allowing national actors to meet the coming criteria and to position Norway as a frontrunner in sustainable aviation.