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MAROFF-2-Maritim virksomhet og offsh-2

Vessel data and sharing for the machine economy

Alternative title: Fartøydata og deling for maskinøkonomien

Awarded: NOK 8.2 mill.

Project Number:


Project Period:

2021 - 2022



A common data infrastructure, Unified Hosting Service (UHS), for collection, analysis and sharing of data has been implemented by Telenor Maritime and work is progressing on making this available to the project partners. Further, an MQTT event bus has been chosen for sharing between microservices on the UHS, and methods for authentication and data access control has been established. DNV has explored various 'Distributed Ledger Technologies' (DLTs) that fulfill the project requirements wrt. safeguarding data integrity and making sure data cannot be manipulated without being discovered. Early phase local implementations has been explored using IOTA and Ethereum, however, from the wide range of available public DLTs, Ethereum 2.0 (not yet released) and VeChain appear to be most applicable due to sustainability and smart contract capabilities. These will be explored further, and at least one of them implemented in a more comprehensive demonstrator application. Going forward DNV will implement a demonstrator application on the shared data infrastructure (UHS) utilizing data collected by the project partners. The project has engaged in a collaboration with subcontractors to demonstrate an MRV/DCS immutable carbon emissions reporting microservice, and will continue to demonstrate tamperproofing of this reporting microservice. This output will then be possible to verify/certify as 'tamperfree' and of sufficient integrity for full annual emissions verification.

Today, each vendor or vessel owner collecting, storing and analysing data, needs to install and maintain the necessary HW and SW for this purpose, and each needs to arrange for access to vessel communications systems for ship-to-shore data transfer. Such solutions results in high complexity and low reliability and resource efficiency. This project will utilize Kubernetes technology as part of a unified hosting environment for managing onboard microservice applications utilising Docker containers and a tight integration with a global connectivity solution which can serve the maritime industry. Further, there is presently no way of verifying truthfulness of large amounts of data, as it may be manipulated voluntary or involuntary, by systems or by human interaction, by whomever has legal or illegal access to a particular system. Situations may arise where pressure, financial or otherwise, may compromise otherwise trustworthy stakeholders or individuals. Also, data integrity and quality may be affected by unintended technical tampering occurring during the multi-stage ship-to-shore data transfer. As the importance of data increases, the current situation cannot continue. There is a need to ensure and verify that data is not manipulated, fabricated or deleted. This project will develop a methodology which can utilize the containerised data infrastructure to ensure that data collected in various Docker containers are not tampered with, and allow stakeholders to verify that data has not been manipulated in any way. Combined, a containerized common data infrastructure for vessel microservices and the ability to verify the truthfulness of collected data, represents the substrate necessary for building a machine-to-machine economy in the maritime industry. This project will demonstrate that it is feasible to develop and integrate the different technologies required to enable the machine to machine economy in the maritime industry.


MAROFF-2-Maritim virksomhet og offsh-2