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ENERGIX-Stort program energi

Liquid hydrogen to decarbonize maritime transport in Norway.

Alternative title: Liquid hydrogen to decarbonize maritime transport in Norway.

Awarded: NOK 18.5 mill.

Project Number:

310032

Application Type:

Project Period:

2020 - 2022

Funding received from:

Location:

Partner countries:

The project partners aim to develop, build and operate a liquid hydrogen value chain supplying maritime end users. Liquid hydrogen can be a cost-competitive zero emission fuel when produced in large scale volumes and offered an efficient logistics chain including safe, robust bunkering operations. The overall idea is to build a full-scale national hydrogen infrastructure in order to secure a reliable supply chain of liquid hydrogen. Hydrogen is considered the best means to enable decarbonizing ships operating in/to/from Norway as it is a zero-emission fuel which may allow significant autonomy in the ship. Weight, space and volume onboard are intrinsic design elements in terms of expected revenue from passengers and cargo as well as the energy required for ship propulsion. The complete value chain from production to delivery of LH2 onboard ships is the main innovation, and a first of its kind in the world. There are significant developments to be done at each part of this value chain in order to be able to supply LH2 in 2024. The following topics are considered as the primary innovative elements to be developed during the project: 1. A complete LH2 value chain for maritime use, thus making local liquid hydrogen available for shipping 2. An enabler for achieving the zero-emission sea transport in 2024 3. Creating an additional end-user market through innovation and business development in the market 4. Commercial utilisation of bi-products from the LH2 value chain in form of the use of waste-heat and oxygen 5. Fit-to-purpose multimodal (road and sea based) transport system based on zero-emission seaborne cargo vessels 6. Multi-user terminal for bunkering of ships as well as delivering liquid and/or compressed hydrogen to clients 7. Robust, effective and safe bunkering station concepts applicable for several ship types, based on LH2 ferry as pilot 8. Public acceptance, social, safety and regulatory barriers, professional and controlled stakeholder communication

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The overall idea is to build a full-scale national hydrogen infrastructure in order to secure a reliable supply chain of liquid hydrogen (LH2) to maritime applications. The value chain is illustrated below. The development will be done by companies throughout the supply chain, with the aim to provide the lowest possible hydrogen price delivered to end users (primarily ships). Hydrogen is considered the best means to enable decarbonizing ships operating in/to/from Norway as it is a zero-emission fuel which may allow significant autonomy in the ship. Weight, space and volume onboard are intrinsic design elements in terms of expected revenue from passengers and cargo as well as the energy required for ship propulsion. When aiming to introduce a new fuel these elements have been considered in depth by Norled in the process of selecting LH2 for the Hjelmeland ferry under construction, as well as for the high-speed passenger ferry under development (ongoing Pilot-E project, ZEFF). Compressed hydrogen when compared with LH2 requires more space onboard (factor of 4 for available technology) and have longer bunkering time (factor of 6-8). The key elements to reduce the production cost are to plan for large volumes. Produced on a strategic location with access to lowest possible electricity prices, use of bi-products from electrolysis, reliable and efficient zero emission sea-born distribution and a new flexible concept for hydrogen terminals for distribution, storage and bunkering. Through ongoing projects in the partnership, it is claimed that ship technology is ready for hydrogen as fuel, but the value chain to provide this fuel is missing. This project has an ambition to build and operate a large-scale value chain with a high daily capacity to aggregate customer needs and to identify the optimal size to match LH2 customer needs. The initial end-user requirements from the project partners (Norled, Wilhelmsen and others), is estimated to app. 6 tons per day.

Activity:

ENERGIX-Stort program energi