Mandatory Reporting of Intimate Partner Violence
MANREPORT-IPV is a cross-professional study examining service providers? mandatory reporting of intimate partner violence (IPV). IPV is a serious public health problem. Evidence reveals that in a majority of intimate partner homicides, the perpetrator or the victim has been in contact with service providers previous to the homicide. This finding indicates a potential for prevention.
Service providers have a duty of confidentiality. However, service providers may have a duty of mandatory reporting when receiving information about IPV. There are strong opinions regarding mandatory reporting of IPV. However, the empirical knowledge is scarce. The aim of this study is to investigate what experiences, awareness, and attitudes do professionals and IPV help-seekers have concerning mandatory reporting of IPV.
1. Systematic text studies (court documents, and other legal decisions and reports)
2. Qualitative interviews with service providers and help-seekers regarding experiences, awareness and attitudes to mandatory reporting of IPV
3. Quantitative questionnaires of service providers and help-seekers? perception of and experience with mandatory reporting of IPV.
In this study, we will examine the prevalence of information about mandatory reporting in juridical sources. We will seek to clarify the content of the law. In addition, we will analyse data from doctors, nurses, domestic violence shelter workers, child protective services, psychologists, the police, and IPV perpetrators and victims. These data enable us to analyse horizontal and vertical interactions between and among service providers, and between helps-seekers and service providers. The project will contribute to innovation by providing knowledge about facilitators and barriers to mandatory reporting of IPV
Volda University College, Molde University College, Norwegian Police University College and Oslo University Hospital are the managers of this project.
Intimate partner violence is a serious public health problem that affects millions worldwide. The costs of IPV are massive, both in terms of suffering, reduced health, and socioeconomic expenses. Evidence suggests that in a majority of intimate partner homicides (IPH), there is a potential for prevention. For this purpose, countries in some parts of the world have adopted legislation requiring professionals to report cases of IPV to the police or the criminal justice system. Currently, however, the empirical knowledge on mandatory reporting of IPV is inconclusive and offers no valid evidence to support a major attitude toward the subject.
The overall aim of MANREPORT-IPV is to investigate "What experiences, awareness, and attitudes do professionals and IPV help-seekers in Norway have concerning mandatory reporting of intimate partner violence?". Given the scarce knowledge of this research field, we designed a concurrent parallel explorative project with three main elements.
1) Systematic text studies (court documents, juridical analysis).
2) A qualitative investigation of experiences, awareness, and attitudes to mandatory reporting of IPV.
3) Quantitative investigation of professionals' and help-seekers' perceptions of and experiences with mandatory reporting of IPV.
MANREPORT-IPV will analyze and compare data from doctors, nurses, domestic violence shelter workers, child protective services, psychologists, police, and IPV help-seekers. Studying these enables us to analyse horizontal interactions between service providers with different responsibilities concerning IPV. The primary objective is to improve the empirical knowledge on mandatory reporting of IPV to inform a more effective prevention of serious intimate partner violence. The project will contribute to innovation by providing new knowledge about facilitators and barriers to mandatory reporting, thus building a foundation for more evidence-based recommendations and interaction in the service system.