Etter drapet på George Floyd 25. mai 2020 oppstod det Black Lives Matter-demonstrasjoner over hele verden. Det som har fått mest oppmerksomhet, er politiets drap på svarte mennesker, men parallelt har det oppstått et behov for å forstå mer om hvordan flere hundre års raserelatert vold påvirker dagens ulikheter mellom samfunn og innenfor samfunn. Vår forståelse av ulikhetenes dype røtter har store kunnskapsmangler, og vi trenger fortsatt omfattende datainnsamling, egnet testing, og en teoretisk forståelse av de vidtfavnende effektene av raserelatert vold gjennom historien.
After the killing of George Floyd on 25 May 2020, Black Lives Matter protests swept across the globe. While the killing of Black men and women in the United States by police receives the bulk of attention, there have been parallel calls to address how hundreds of years of racial violence affects contemporary horizontal inequality in countries around the world. Despite calls for reform, our understanding of the deep roots of inequality lacks comprehensive data coverage, appropriate empirical tools, and a theoretical understanding of the broad effects of the legacies of racial violence. The LEGACY project seeks to address gaps in our understanding of the long-term effects of historical racial violence on contemporary communities in the United States – particularly why and how type, severity, scope, and relative amount of racial violence affects economic, political, and health inequalities between, as well as within, Black and white communities. Of equal importance, we are interested in understanding how communities mitigate the long-term effects of racial violence. We use a mixed-methods approach combining statistical methods, causal inference techniques, natural experiments, and content analysis, ensuring a complementary approach to identify general patterns across the US as well as test causal mechanisms. In contrast to previous research, we build on a theory that maintains that violence shapes political order, leading us to expect that not only does the form and intensity of violence directly impact critical measures of well-being, but continues to influence outcomes generations later. We propose that accounting for how violence engenders both long-term deleterious outcomes and efforts to redress those aftereffects offers the potential to fundamentally understand and reduce endemic and seemingly permanent horizontal inequalities. Our project offers a promising approach to more fully understand and address a legacy that impacts millions of people around the world.