In the program it is suggested a new integrated reformation reaction for hydrogen production from natural gas. In the reaction CO<sub>2</sub> is separated as a solid carbonate and no costly step for CO<sub>2</sub> separation from gas power plant exhaust fumes is necessary. The reaction will require heat and it is suggested to use waste heat from a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) in an integrated concept. The CO<sub>2</sub> is delivered from the plant as a pure concentrated CO<sub>2 </sub>stream and can be pressurised, utilised or sequestered as appropriate. Hydrogen can be utilised depending on the markets demands. Compared to a conventional power plant the present concept will yield a reduced amount of CO<sub>2</sub> at the same time as a high-energy ef ficiency is obtained.
A laboratory scale pilot plant will be constructed for demonstration and evaluation of the whole concept. Several critical factors will be addressed: material technology, reformer and membrane technology, reactor technology, compact system solutions for fuel cells, high temperature heat exchangers, monitoring and instrumentation. A technical-economical analysis of the concept will be performed based on the results from the pilot plant testing. The input to the analysis will be effic iency and energy requirement of the processes, as well as material requirements and engineering needs.
CLIMIT-Forskning, utvikling og demo av CO2-håndtering