The Nordic energy system is in transition with expansion in renewables, electrification of end-use sectors and new electricity consuming industries. We will provide methodological insights and analysis of the energy system integration of both new electricity supply and demand. This will be done by analyzing the Norwegian energy system that is connected to the Nordic and European power market. This includes evaluating future needs for electricity generation capacity and grid, interplay between new electricity supply and demand, impact on the transport and building sector, as well as evaluating the future role for supply and demand flexibility.
Energy efficiency are considered a major contributor to the low-carbon transition since they lower the final energy demand. The use and understanding of the expression “energy efficiency” may differ between actors and circumstances. Energy efficiency can be use of more efficient equipment, it can be use of less energy due to investment in more insulation or windows with less heat losses, often referred to as energy conservation. Stronger regulations of new buildings will also improve energy efficiency and can both be modelled as a possible policy measure and as a part of demand projections. Another aspect of energy efficiency is demand reduction. We will build on established energy system models, and use the TIMES modelling framework to analyse the impact a broad range of energy efficiency measures.
Transport: To match the feasibility of the different energy carriers for different transport types is a crucial and difficult task. The challenge lies in the uncertainty of the future technology and cost development which can easily be both under- and overestimated within the different transport and vehicle types. We will build on scenario work in ongoing and previous projects to derive consistent learning curves and policy storyline assumptions for the transport sector. The scenarios will be analysed in IFE-TIMES-Norway.